How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Agrawal AF. Sexual selection and the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Nature. 2001;411:692–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gillespie RG, Roderick GK. Evolution: Geology and climate drive diversification. Nature. 2014;509:297–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Silvarolla MB, Mazzafera P, Fazuoli LC. Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature. 2004;429:826.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yamane Y, Hemmatiyan S, Ieda J, Maekawa S, Sinova J. Spinmotive force due to motion of magnetic bubble arrays driven by magnetic field gradient. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Moeller RR. Executive’s Guide to IT Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Volchkov VV. Harmonic Analysis of Mean Periodic Functions on Symmetric Spaces and the Heisenberg Group. Volchkov VV, editor. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Estrin Y, Rabkin E, Hellmig RJ, Kazakevich M, Zi A. New Applications of the SPD Concept: μSPD. In: Zhu YT, Varyukhin V, editors. Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Allergy.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. A Dwarf Planet Beyond Neptune Is Bigger Than We Thought [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Sep. Report No.: RCED-93-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Duran PE. Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Kielbasa Kingdom. New York Times. 2010 Dec 5;NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Allergy
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Allergy
ISSN (online)2196-3053

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