How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Falkowski PG. Evolution. Tracing oxygen’s imprint on earth’s metabolic evolution. Science. 2006;311:1724–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Piperno DR, Stothert KE. Phytolith evidence for early Holocene Cucurbita domestication in southwest Ecuador. Science. 2003;299:1054–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Buck WR, Lavier LL, Poliakov ANB. Modes of faulting at mid-ocean ridges. Nature. 2005;434:719–23.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Choi SH, Ko YN, Lee J-K, Kang YC. Rapid continuous synthesis of spherical reduced graphene ball-nickel oxide composite for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Van Der Pijl P, Solomon LK, Lokitz J. How To Design a Better Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Jonkman MF, editor. Autoimmune Bullous Diseases: Text and Review. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. de Medeiros AKA, Guzzo A, Greco G, van der Aalst WMP, Weijters AJMM, van Dongen BF, et al. Process Mining Based on Clustering: A Quest for Precision. In: Hofstede AT, Benatallah B, Paik H-Y, editors. Business Process Management Workshops: BPM 2007 International Workshops, BPI, BPD, CBP, ProHealth, RefMod, semantics4ws, Brisbane, Australia, September 24, 2007, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 17–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Allergy.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Hunt: A Natural History Series That Challenges Us To Side With The Predators [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Sep. Report No.: CED-79-112.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Powell JR. Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Uncertainty Now in a Golden Youth’s Trajectory. New York Times. 2007 Aug 1;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Allergy
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Allergy
ISSN (online)2196-3053

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