How to format your references using the Current Treatment Options in Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Treatment Options in Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Torres-Reveron A. Hispanic people start leaping over barriers to better jobs. Nature. 2009;460:949.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dibner C, Schibler U. METABOLISM. A pancreatic clock times insulin release. Science. 2015;350:628–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Holland JN, Okuyama T, DeAngelis DL. Comment on “Asymmetric coevolutionary networks facilitate biodiversity maintenance.” Science. 2006;313:1887; author reply 1887.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Y, Chen M, Zhou F, Ma E. High tensile ductility in a nanostructured metal. Nature. 2002;419:912–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Barnes T. Constantine. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Laconte J. Micromachined Thin-Film Sensors for SOI-CMOS Co-Integration. Flandre D, Raskin J-P, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Grando MA, Moss L, Glasspool D, Sleeman D, Sim M, Gilhooly C, et al. Argumentation-Logic for Explaining Anomalous Patient Responses to Treatments. In: Peleg M, Lavrač N, Combi C, editors. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 13th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2011, Bled, Slovenia, July 2-6, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Treatment Options in Allergy.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Ancient DNA Recovered From Clay Statues Reveal Secrets Of Mysterious African Culture [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aircraft Maintenance: Potential Shortage in National Aircraft Repair Capacity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Oct. Report No.: RCED-91-14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tan C. Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Where the Romanovs Became Holy Martyrs. New York Times. 2008 Aug 3;TR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Treatment Options in Allergy
AbbreviationCurr. Treat. Options Allergy
ISSN (online)2196-3053

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