How to format your references using the Journal of Parasitic Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Parasitic Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu J (2015) Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola. Nature 524:27–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Vance SA, Sandros MG (2014) Zeptomole detection of C-reactive protein in serum by a nanoparticle amplified surface plasmon resonance imaging aptasensor. Sci Rep 4:5129
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis SJ, Harrison TM, Pidgeon RT (2001) Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature 409:178–181
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mao WL, Mao H-K, Eng PJ, et al (2003) Bonding changes in compressed superhard graphite. Science 302:425–427

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perl J, DeMark TR (2010) DeMark Indicators. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Silverman H, Ruggles DF (eds) (2009) Intangible Heritage Embodied. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Mchugh T, Connor J (2006) SELECTION OF EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF CONTAMINATED LANDS. In: Simeonov L, Chirila E (eds) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Parasitic Diseases.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Nitrous Oxide Alters People’s Brainwaves. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Aviation Research: Perspectives on FAA’s Efforts to Develop New Technology. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warrick AD (2017) “Deep” South: Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, and Environmental Knowledge, 1800-1974. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yeh J (2017) A Mother. A Death. A Memoir. It’s Tricky. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vance and Sandros 2014; Liu 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vance and Sandros 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mao et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Parasitic Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Parasit. Dis.
ISSN (print)0971-7196
ISSN (online)0975-0703

Other styles