How to format your references using the Journal of Parasitic Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Parasitic Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheng P (2006) Applied physics. Waves on the horizon. Science 313:1399–1400
A journal article with 2 authors
Dai X, Huang N (2014) Numerical simulation of drifting snow sublimation in the saltation layer. Sci Rep 4:6611
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold M, Elliott T, Moorbath S (2011) The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature 477:195–198
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Papke RT, Koenig JE, Rodríguez-Valera F, Doolittle WF (2004) Frequent recombination in a saltern population of Halorubrum. Science 306:1928–1929

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pike A (2015) Origination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Johnson GD (2007) Landscape Pattern Analysis for Assessing Ecosystem Condition. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Carberry S, Elzer S (2007) Exploiting Evidence Analysis in Plan Recognition. In: Conati C, McCoy K, Paliouras G (eds) User Modeling 2007: 11th International Conference, UM 2007, Corfu, Greece, July 25-29, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 7–16

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Parasitic Diseases.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) NASA’s $1 Billion Jupiter Probe Just Sent Back Breathtaking New Images Of The Gas Giant. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) High Speed Rail: Learning From Service Start-ups, Prospects for Increased Industry Investment, and Federal Oversight Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nersisyan HA (2017) Armenian American Student Perceptions of Campus Climate: Examining the Conditions That Support or Inhibit Their College Experience. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2011) New Nets Announcer Shows Flair and Hair. New York Times B16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sheng 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Sheng 2006; Dai and Huang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dai and Huang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Papke et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Parasitic Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Parasit. Dis.
ISSN (print)0971-7196
ISSN (online)0975-0703

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