How to format your references using the Journal of Parasitic Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Parasitic Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow JM (2013) Insomnia: chasing the dream. Nature 497:S16-8
A journal article with 2 authors
Pruitt JN, Goodnight CJ (2014) Site-specific group selection drives locally adapted group compositions. Nature 514:359–362
A journal article with 3 authors
Saito C, Shinzawa K, Tsujimoto Y (2014) Synchronized necrotic death of attached hepatocytes mediated via gap junctions. Sci Rep 4:5169
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Milne GA, Davis JL, Mitrovica JX, et al (2001) Space-geodetic constraints on glacial isostatic adjustment in Fennoscandia. Science 291:2381–2385

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasher E, Ronen T (2011) The Complete Guide to Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Harmes R (2008) Pro JavaScript Design Patterns. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Lombide Carreton A, Pinte K, De Meuter W (2012) MORENA: A Middleware for Programming NFC-Enabled Android Applications as Distributed Object-Oriented Programs. In: Narasimhan P, Triantafillou P (eds) Middleware 2012: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 13th International Middleware Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, December 3-7, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Parasitic Diseases.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Apes Make Irrational Economic Decisions – That Includes You. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/apes-make-irrational-economic-decisions-includes-you/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) NASA: Agency Has Taken Steps Toward Making Sound Investment Decisions for Ares I but Still Faces Challenging Knowledge Gaps. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prochorchik VL (2010) Increasing infant mental health awareness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR (2017) After the Deluge, Going On With the Show. New York Times C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Crow 2013; Pruitt and Goodnight 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pruitt and Goodnight 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Milne et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Parasitic Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Parasit. Dis.
ISSN (print)0971-7196
ISSN (online)0975-0703
ScopeParasitology

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