How to format your references using the Journal of Parasitic Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Parasitic Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zheludev NI (2010) Applied physics. The road ahead for metamaterials. Science 328:582–583
A journal article with 2 authors
Conway G, Toenniessen G (2003) Agriculture. Science for African food security. Science 299:1187–1188
A journal article with 3 authors
King N, Hittinger CT, Carroll SB (2003) Evolution of key cell signaling and adhesion protein families predates animal origins. Science 301:361–363
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Saini P, Eyler DE, Green R, Dever TE (2009) Hypusine-containing protein eIF5A promotes translation elongation. Nature 459:118–121

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minenna M (2016) The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Arnold VI (2006) Mathematical Aspects of Classical and Celestial Mechanics: Third Edition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Connes A, Fack T (2006) Morse Inequalities for Foliations. In: Bojarski B, Mishchenko AS, Troitsky EV, Weber A (eds) C*-algebras and Elliptic Theory. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 61–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Parasitic Diseases.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Milky Way Placed Within a “Council of Giant Galaxies.” In: IFLScience.“council-giant-galaxies”/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Preliminary Observations on the Potential Effects of the Proposed Performance Rights Act on the Recording and Broadcast Radio Industries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour BM (2014) Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) An Empire’s New Outpost. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zheludev 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Conway and Toenniessen 2003; Zheludev 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conway and Toenniessen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Saini et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Parasitic Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Parasit. Dis.
ISSN (print)0971-7196
ISSN (online)0975-0703

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