How to format your references using the Journal of Vibration and Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldbeter, A., 2002, “Computational Approaches to Cellular Rhythms,” Nature, 420(6912), pp. 238–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golder, S. A., and Macy, M. W., 2011, “Diurnal and Seasonal Mood Vary with Work, Sleep, and Daylength across Diverse Cultures,” Science, 333(6051), pp. 1878–1881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta, E. K. H., Legron-Rodriguez, T., and Bowdon, M. A., 2013, “IBI* Series Winner. An Inquiry into the Water around Us,” Science, 341(6149), pp. 971–972.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dick, I. E., Tadross, M. R., Liang, H., Tay, L. H., Yang, W., and Yue, D. T., 2008, “A Modular Switch for Spatial Ca2+ Selectivity in the Calmodulin Regulation of CaV Channels,” Nature, 451(7180), pp. 830–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singer, B., and Fedorinchik, G., 2009, Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Webster, T. J., ed., 2011, Nanotechnology Enabled In Situ Sensors for Monitoring Health, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kourtessis, P., Almeida, C., Chang, C.-H., Chen, J., Di Bartolo, S., Fasser, P., Gagnaire, M., Leitgeb, E., Lima, M., Löschnigg, M., Marciniak, M., Pavlovic, N., Shachaf, Y., Teixeira, A. L. J., Tosi Beleffi, G. M., and Wosinska, L., 2009, “Evolution of Optical Access Networks,” Towards Digital Optical Networks: COST Action 291 Final Report, I. Tomkos, M. Spyropoulou, K. Ennser, M. Köhn, and B. Mikac, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 97–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Meet The Man With Two Functioning Penises,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983, Use of Federally Supported Research Facilities, 121372, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martin, R. L., 2017, “Development of a Nutrition Program with Emphasis on Use of Social Media for Middle School Students,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017, “Elena Ferrante Series Is Coming to HBO,” New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
ISSN (print)1048-9002
ISSN (online)1528-8927

Other styles