How to format your references using the Journal of Vibration and Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lissauer, J. J., 2006, “Astronomy. Growing Apart in Lock Step,” Science, 313(5790), pp. 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norskov, J. K., and Christensen, C. H., 2006, “Chemistry. Toward Efficient Hydrogen Production at Surfaces,” Science, 312(5778), pp. 1322–1323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Browne, J., Tunnacliffe, A., and Burnell, A., 2002, “Anhydrobiosis: Plant Desiccation Gene Found in a Nematode,” Nature, 416(6876), p. 38.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, S.-K., Yeh, C.-K., Xie, W., Liu, Y.-C., and Yoshimura, M., 2013, “Ab Initio-Aided CALPHAD Thermodynamic Modeling of the Sn-Pb Binary System under Current Stressing,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 2731.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ji, Z.-G., 2017, Hydrodynamics and Water Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Borkar, V. S., 2012, Hamiltonian Cycle Problem and Markov Chains, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Oemig, F., and Snelick, R., 2016, “Conformance Constructs,” Healthcare Interoperability Standards Compliance Handbook: Conformance and Testing of Healthcare Data Exchange Standards, R. Snelick, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 159–221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016, “Just Like Humans, Elderly Monkeys Have Fewer Friends,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992, Law Enforcement: Information on the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Gang Reporting, Evaluation, and Tracking System, T-GGD-92-52, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic, S. G., 2010, “Medical Marijuana and the Media,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017, “Robert Caro Nears End Of Research on L.B.J,” New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
ISSN (print)1048-9002
ISSN (online)1528-8927

Other styles