How to format your references using the Journal of Vibration and Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steinhardt, P., 2014, “Big Bang Blunder Bursts the Multiverse Bubble,” Nature, 510(7503), p. 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, Q., and Bachtrog, D., 2012, “Sex-Specific Adaptation Drives Early Sex Chromosome Evolution in Drosophila,” Science, 337(6092), pp. 341–345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrov, A. N., Komiya, S., and Ando, Y., 2002, “Magnetic Shape-Memory Effects in a Crystal,” Nature, 418(6896), pp. 385–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Arnold, G. L., Anbar, A. D., Barling, J., and Lyons, T. W., 2004, “Molybdenum Isotope Evidence for Widespread Anoxia in Mid-Proterozoic Oceans,” Science, 304(5667), pp. 87–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd, 2017, Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hawksworth, D. L., and Bull, A. T., eds., 2006, Forest Diversity and Management, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Aparicio, G., Ruiz-Roqueñi, M., and Catalán, E., 2015, “A Model for Implementing Non-Specific Competencies (NSCs) in Degree Studies, Defined Using a Delphi Study in Spanish Universities,” Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace, M. Peris-Ortiz, and J.M. Merigó Lindahl, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “This Cyborg Stingray Is Built From Genetically Engineered Solar-Powered Heart Cells,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002, Executive Office of the President: Analysis of Mandated Report on Key Information Technology Areas, GAO-02-779R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janpengpen, A., 2010, “Monitoring and Forecasting Biosolids Odors at Prior Lime and Post Lime Addition in Wastewater Treatment Plants,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016, “From Awe (Kershaw) to Anguish (Bullpen) to Survival (Game 5),” New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
ISSN (print)1048-9002
ISSN (online)1528-8927

Other styles