How to format your references using the Journal of Vibration and Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beverley, S. M., 2015, “Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium,” Nature, 523(7561), pp. 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lobanov, A. P., and Zensus, J. A., 2001, “A Cosmic Double Helix in the Archetypical Quasar 3C273,” Science, 294(5540), pp. 128–131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z.-Y., Sun, K.-D., and Wang, S.-Q., 2013, “Enhanced Community Structure Detection in Complex Networks with Partial Background Information,” Sci. Rep., 3, p. 3241.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Varaldi, J., Fouillet, P., Ravallec, M., López-Ferber, M., Boulétreau, M., and Fleury, F., 2003, “Infectious Behavior in a Parasitoid,” Science, 302(5652), p. 1930.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay, R., 2014, Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford.
An edited book
Nedović, V., Raspor, P., Lević, J., Tumbas Šaponjac, V., and Barbosa-Cánovas, G. V., eds., 2016, Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe, Healthy and Quality Food, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wafer, A., 2016, “The Spirit of Hillbrow: Religion and the Ordering of Social Space in Inner-City Johannesburg,” Routes and Rites to the City: Mobility, Diversity and Religious Space in Johannesburg, M. Wilhelm-Solomon, L. Núñez, P. Kankonde Bukasa, and B. Malcomess, eds., Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 117–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999, NOAA Fleet: Responses to Post-Hearing Questions, GGD-99-60R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bouyer, J., 2017, “Temporary Leadership in Athletics: The Experiences of Interim NCAA Directors of Athletics,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001, “A Seminary’s Proud Tower Brings Unease to Neighbors,” New York Times, p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
ISSN (print)1048-9002
ISSN (online)1528-8927

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