How to format your references using the Journal of Vibration and Acoustics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kolber, A., 2011, “Neuroethics: Give Memory-Altering Drugs a Chance,” Nature, 476(7360), pp. 275–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Narayan, A. R. H., and Sherman, D. H., 2013, “Chemistry. Re-Engineering Nature’s Catalysts,” Science, 339(6117), pp. 283–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao, M.-C., Fuller, P., and Xi, X., 2003, “Programmed DNA Deletion as an RNA-Guided System of Genome Defense,” Science, 300(5625), pp. 1581–1584.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guthöhrlein, G. R., Keller, M., Hayasaka, K., Lange, W., and Walther, H., 2001, “A Single Ion as a Nanoscopic Probe of an Optical Field,” Nature, 414(6859), pp. 49–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szeman, I., and O’Brien, S., 2017, Popular Culture, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Goldberg, A. V., and Zhou, Y., eds., 2009, Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 5th International Conference, AAIM 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, June 15-17, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Maderich, V., Brovchenko, I., Terletska, K., and Hutter, K., 2012, “Numerical Simulations of the Nonhydrostatic Transformation of Basin-Scale Internal Gravity Waves and Wave-Enhanced Meromixis in Lakes,” Nonlinear Internal Waves in Lakes, K. Hutter, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 193–276.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017, “Gigantic Extinct Worm With Impressively Large Jaws Discovered In Canada,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013, Public Transit: FTA’s Process for Overseeing Compliance with Federal Civil Rights Requirements Incorporates Key Federal Practices, GAO-13-697R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, M. L., 2017, “Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., 2010, “A Footnote Explains a Dispute Over Treasury’s Bailout Figures,” New York Times, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vibration and Acoustics
ISSN (print)1048-9002
ISSN (online)1528-8927

Other styles