How to format your references using the Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker S. Genomic medicine has failed the poor. Nature (2011); 478: 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kmita M, Duboule D. Organizing axes in time and space; 25 years of colinear tinkering. Science (2003); 301: 331–333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu L-A, Walther P, Lidar DA. No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci. Rep. (2013); 3: 1394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Revyakin A, Liu C, Ebright RH, et al. Abortive initiation and productive initiation by RNA polymerase involve DNA scrunching. Science (2006); 314: 1139–1143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Illian J, Penttinen A, Stoyan H, et al. Statistical Analysis and Modelling of Spatial Point Patterns. 2008. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Seising R, Trillas E, Kacprzyk J, editors. Towards the Future of Fuzzy Logic. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Cinbis RG, Sclaroff S. Contextual Object Detection Using Set-Based Classification. In: Computer Vision – ECCV 2012: 12th European Conference on Computer Vision, Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part VI (eds. Fitzgibbon A., Lazebnik S., Perona P., et al.) (2012); pp. 43–57. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.

Blog post
Andrew E. Short, Sharp Shocks Let Slip The Stories Of Supernovae. IFLScience. 2015. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Follow up Review of Automatic Data Processing Activities Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 1972 Nov. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.Report No.: B-162407(6).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duffy B. Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics [Doctoral dissertation]. 2012. George Washington University, [Washington, DC].

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G. Making Music With a Moral. New York Times (2012);0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kmita and Duboule 2003, Baker 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kmita and Duboule 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Revyakin et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
ISSN (print)1475-0961
ISSN (online)1475-097X

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