How to format your references using the Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson P N 2010 Paleoclimate. Increased atmospheric CO₂ during the Middle Eocene Science 330 763–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Spilianakis C G and Flavell R A 2006 Molecular biology. Managing associations between different chromosomes Science 312 207–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Muir G, Fleming C C and Schlötterer C 2000 Species status of hybridizing oaks Nature 405 1016
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hardy J, Francis K P, DeBoer M, Chu P, Gibbs K and Contag C H 2004 Extracellular replication of Listeria monocytogenes in the murine gall bladder Science 303 851–3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean J R 2005 Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Ni P 2015 Urban Innovation and Upgrading in China Shanty Towns: Changing the Rules of Development ed B Oyeyinka and F Chen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Fasthuber R, Catthoor F, Raghavan P and Naessens F 2013 Case Study 1: DSIP Architecture Instance for MIMO Detection Energy-Efficient Communication Processors: Design and Implementation for Emerging Wireless Systems ed F Catthoor, P Raghavan and F Naessens (New York, NY: Springer) pp 137–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion.

Blog post
Andrews R 2015 Lizard Grows Six Tails At Once, Setting A New World Record IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1980 Status of Special National Direct Student Loan Funds (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wuite J 2006 Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Three East Antarctic Outlet Glaciers and Their Floating Ice Tongues Doctoral dissertation (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vlasic B and Chapman M M 2015 Union Vote at Ford and G.M. Ends Painful Process for Big Three New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
AbbreviationPlasma Phys. Control. Fusion
ISSN (print)0741-3335
ISSN (online)1361-6587
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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