How to format your references using the Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tully J C 2006 Chemistry. Mode-selective control of surface reactions Science 312 1004–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Tremaroli V and Bäckhed F 2012 Functional interactions between the gut microbiota and host metabolism Nature 489 242–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam J-M, Thaxton C S and Mirkin C A 2003 Nanoparticle-based bio-bar codes for the ultrasensitive detection of proteins Science 301 1884–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rosas-Ballina M, Olofsson P S, Ochani M, Valdés-Ferrer S I, Levine Y A, Reardon C, Tusche M W, Pavlov V A, Andersson U, Chavan S, Mak T W and Tracey K J 2011 Acetylcholine-synthesizing T cells relay neural signals in a vagus nerve circuit Science 334 98–101

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff N P and Davletshin A 2010 A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Rao K R 2016 Psychology in the Indian Tradition ed A C Paranjpe (New Delhi: Springer India)
A chapter in an edited book
Hoque K A, Ait Mohamed O, Savaria Y and Thibeault C 2014 Early Analysis of Soft Error Effects for Aerospace Applications Using Probabilistic Model Checking Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: Second International Workshop, FTSCS 2013, Queenstown, New Zealand, October 29--30, 2013. Revised Selected Papers Communications in Computer and Information Science ed C Artho and P C Ölveczky (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 54–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Fossil Clue Found To Epic Ancient Battle Between Huge Predators IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1992 Untangling the Stafford Student Loan Program (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummings A E 2009 Brain and behavior in children with phonological delays: Phonological, lexical, and sensory system interactions Doctoral dissertation (La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh M W 2016 No 401(k)? California Will Step In for Workers New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
AbbreviationPlasma Phys. Control. Fusion
ISSN (print)0741-3335
ISSN (online)1361-6587
ScopeNuclear Energy and Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles