How to format your references using the Annals of Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Painter PR (2000) Rivers, blood and transportation networks. Nature 408:159; discussion 160
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottifredi V, Prives C (2001) Molecular biology. Getting p53 out of the nucleus. Science 292:1851–1852
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshimura K, Onda Y, Fukushima T (2014) Sediment particle size and initial radiocesium accumulation in ponds following the Fukushima DNPP accident. Sci Rep 4:4514
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Adachi K, Kajino M, Zaizen Y, Igarashi Y (2013) Emission of spherical cesium-bearing particles from an early stage of the Fukushima nuclear accident. Sci Rep 3:2554

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson J, Hyde T, Ahmad S (2008) Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
An edited book
Pariatamby A, Tanaka M (eds) (2014) Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific Islands: Challenges and Strategic Solutions. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Xue M, Kalnis P, Pung HK (2009) Location Diversity: Enhanced Privacy Protection in Location Based Services. In: Choudhury T, Quigley A, Strang T, Suginuma K (eds) Location and Context Awareness: 4th International Symposium, LoCA 2009 Tokyo, Japan, May 7-8, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 70–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Microbiology.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) 33 Rescued Circus Lions Are Returning To Africa By Airplane. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/33-rescued-circus-lions-are-returning-africa-airplane/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Advanced Technologies: Strengthened Federal Approach Needed to Help Identify and Mitigate Supply Risks for Critical Raw Materials. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burke DM (2014) Enhancing the patient safety culture of ABSN students through instruction on medical error recovery. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2016) Emmys Welcome Surprises Along With the Favorites. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Painter 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Painter 2000; Gottifredi and Prives 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gottifredi and Prives 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Adachi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Microbiology
AbbreviationAnn. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)1590-4261
ISSN (online)1869-2044
ScopeApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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