How to format your references using the Aquatic Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macklis, R.M., 2002. Portrait of Science. Scientist, technologist, proto-feminist, superstar. Science 295, 1647–1648.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loring, J.F., Campbell, C., 2006. Science and law. Intellectual property and human embryonic stem cell research. Science 311, 1716–1717.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch, C., Sangster, T.A., Lindquist, S., 2002. Hsp90 as a capacitor of phenotypic variation. Nature 417, 618–624.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hernández, P.A., Notsu, K., Salazar, J.M., Mori, T., Natale, G., Okada, H., Virgili, G., Shimoike, Y., Sato, M., Pérez, N.M., 2001. Carbon dioxide degassing by advective flow from Usu volcano, Japan. Science 292, 83–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A., 2009. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ranjan, S., Dasgupta, N., Lichtfouse, E. (Eds.), 2016. Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hart, E., Davoudani, D., 2009. Dendritic Cell Trafficking: From Immunology to Engineering, in: Andrews, P.S., Timmis, J., Owens, N.D.L., Aickelin, U., Hart, E., Hone, A., Tyrrell, A.M. (Eds.), Artificial Immune Systems: 8th International Conference, ICARIS 2009, York, UK, August 9-12, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 11–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. 10 Bizarre Illnesses That Science Has Yet To Explain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Labor Market Problems of Teenagers Result Largely From Doing Poorly in School (No. PAD-82-06). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughn, E.L., 2013. Find me on Facebook: A new typology for categorizing online personalities (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Comfort and Spice. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macklis, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Loring and Campbell, 2006; Macklis, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loring and Campbell, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hernández et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Procedia
AbbreviationAquat. Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-241X

Other styles