How to format your references using the Aquatic Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ho, C.-H., 2014. Amorphous effect on the advancing of wide-range absorption and structural-phase transition in γ-In2Se3 polycrystalline layers. Sci. Rep. 4, 4764.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicer, G.J., Yu, Y.-T.N., 2003. Evolution of novel cooperative swarming in the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature 425, 75–78.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton, C., Judson, R.L., Blelloch, R., 2010. Opposing microRNA families regulate self-renewal in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature 463, 621–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kang, W.N., Kim, H.J., Choi, E.M., Jung, C.U., Lee, S.I., 2001. MgB2 superconducting thin films with a transition temperature of 39 kelvin. Science 292, 1521–1523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, R.A., 2012. Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grimes, S., 2012. iOS 5 Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, L., 2016. Evidence-Oriented Practice, in: Smith, L. (Ed.), Clinical Practice at the Edge of Care: Developments in Working with At-Risk Children and Their Families. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Procedia.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Oklahoma Is One Of 2017’s Most High-Risk State For Earthquakes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Customs Service Modernization: Management Improvements Needed on High-Risk Automated Commercial Environment Project (No. GAO-02-545). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley, S.J., 2012. Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M., 2017. The Provocateur President Meets Athletes’ Resolve. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ho, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ho, 2014; Velicer and Yu, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Velicer and Yu, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Procedia
AbbreviationAquat. Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-241X

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