How to format your references using the Aquatic Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford, G., 2004. Reality is wilder. Nature 432, 955.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strahl, B.D., Allis, C.D., 2000. The language of covalent histone modifications. Nature 403, 41–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Worobey, M., Han, G.-Z., Rambaut, A., 2014. A synchronized global sweep of the internal genes of modern avian influenza virus. Nature 508, 254–257.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, Y., Morais-Cabral, J.H., Kaufman, A., MacKinnon, R., 2001. Chemistry of ion coordination and hydration revealed by a K+ channel-Fab complex at 2.0 A resolution. Nature 414, 43–48.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast, D.K., 2010. Interior Detailing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hurst, E., 2009. Bridging the Gap to University Mathematics. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Pickett, H.A., Reddel, R.R., 2009. Alternative Lengthening of Telomeres in Human Cells, in: Hiyama, K. (Ed.), Telomeres and Telomerase in Cancer. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 127–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Procedia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Company Claims Their Flying Car Will Hit Markets In Two Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Fiscal Year 2012 Agreed-Upon Procedures: Excise Tax Distributions to the Airport and Airway Trust Fund and the Highway Trust Fund (No. GAO-13-73R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oates, P.E., 2009. Leadership transactions impacting transformation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. Fervently French, Pétanque Draws All Ages. New York Times WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Benford, 2004; Strahl and Allis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strahl and Allis, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Procedia
AbbreviationAquat. Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-241X

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