How to format your references using the Aquatic Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, V.C., 2006. Chemistry. Shuttling polyolefins to a new materials dimension. Science 312, 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zubkov, M.V., Tarran, G.A., 2008. High bacterivory by the smallest phytoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 455, 224–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohse, D., Schmitz, B., Versluis, M., 2001. Snapping shrimp make flashing bubbles. Nature 413, 477–478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MacLaren, R.E., Pearson, R.A., MacNeil, A., Douglas, R.H., Salt, T.E., Akimoto, M., Swaroop, A., Sowden, J.C., Ali, R.R., 2006. Retinal repair by transplantation of photoreceptor precursors. Nature 444, 203–207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry, J.-F., Brinzei, N., Mazouni, M.-H., 2016. Systems Dependability Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rizzi, A., 2011. Logistica e tecnologia RFID: Creare valore nella filiera alimentare e nel largo consumo, Food. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., 2010. Local Community of Eco-politics: Its Potentials and Limitations, in: Huan, Q. (Ed.), Eco-Socialism as Politics: Rebuilding the Basis of Our Modern Civilisation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Procedia.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Natural Selection May Be The Answer To The Cancer Riddle, But Can We Beat Evolution? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Transportation Security Administration’s Processes for Designating and Releasing Sensitive Security Information (No. GAO-08-232R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, C.J., 2010. Can early-life activity behavior predict adult compliance with an exercise program in later life? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Senate Republicans Introduce Bill for Relief of Puerto Rico’s Financial Problems. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2006; Zubkov and Tarran, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zubkov and Tarran, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (MacLaren et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Procedia
AbbreviationAquat. Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-241X

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