How to format your references using the Aquatic Procedia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Procedia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, R., 2006. Flowers and fungi use scents to mimic each other. Science 311, 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Subrahmanian, V.S., Dickerson, J., 2009. Computer science. What can virtual worlds and games do for national security? Science 326, 1201–1202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kusumbe, A.P., Ramasamy, S.K., Adams, R.H., 2014. Coupling of angiogenesis and osteogenesis by a specific vessel subtype in bone. Nature 507, 323–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsueh, Y.P., Wang, T.F., Yang, F.C., Sheng, M., 2000. Nuclear translocation and transcription regulation by the membrane-associated guanylate kinase CASK/LIN-2. Nature 404, 298–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Devolder, P., Janssen, J., Manca, R., 2012. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dabbagh, A., Esmailian, F., Aranki, S.F. (Eds.), 2014. Postoperative Critical Care for Cardiac Surgical Patients. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Arous, G.B., Gayrard, V., Kuptsov, A., 2008. A New REM Conjecture, in: Sidoravicius, V., Vares, M.E. (Eds.), In and Out of Equilibrium 2. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 59–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Procedia.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Researchers Observe Exact Moment When A Mind Is Changed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. U.S.-EC Aircraft Agreement (No. GGD-93-41R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wead, M.O., 2009. Fear and Doubt (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2009. Skate, Sure, But Don’t Expect A Zamboni. New York Times LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2006; Subrahmanian and Dickerson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Subrahmanian and Dickerson, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsueh et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Procedia
AbbreviationAquat. Procedia
ISSN (print)2214-241X

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