How to format your references using the Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strong M (2005) Scientists and societies. Community outreach. Nature 434:418
A journal article with 2 authors
Spaldin NA, Fiebig M (2005) Materials science. The renaissance of magnetoelectric multiferroics. Science 309:391–392
A journal article with 3 authors
Mertens K, Putkaradze V, Vorobieff P (2004) Braiding patterns on an inclined plane. Nature 430:165
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lecrenier MC, Ledoux Q, Berben G, et al (2014) Determination of the ruminant origin of bone particles using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Sci Rep 4:5730

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl DA (2003) Understanding Explosions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tomás-Rodríguez M (2010) Linear, Time-varying Approximations to Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: with Applications in Control and Optimization. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Kirimlioglu H, Demetris AJ, Nalesnik MA (2005) Pathological Aspects of Hepatocellular Tumors. In: Carr BI (ed) Hepatocellular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 77–115

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Ancient Fossil Shows First Evidence Of Live Births In Animals Thought To Only Lay Eggs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Aviation Security: Private Screening Contractors Have Little Flexibility to Implement Innovative Approaches. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins L (2009) A community risk assessment of the 90062 zip code. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset R, Shear MD, Nixon R, Robles F (2017) Slow Pace of Aid Riles Puerto Rico. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
AbbreviationPlasma Chem. Plasma Process.
ISSN (print)0272-4324
ISSN (online)1572-8986
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles