How to format your references using the Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loveland W (2014) Chemistry. Superheavy carbonyls. Science 345:1451–1452
A journal article with 2 authors
Sung CO, Sohn I (2014) The expression pattern of 19 genes predicts the histology of endometrial carcinoma. Sci Rep 4:5174
A journal article with 3 authors
Tellis JC, Primer DN, Molander GA (2014) Dual catalysis. Single-electron transmetalation in organoboron cross-coupling by photoredox/nickel dual catalysis. Science 345:433–436
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiao X, Yao Y, Zhou L-M, Wang X (2014) Distribution of quantum Fisher information in asymmetric cloning machines. Sci Rep 4:7361

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Archer RD (2002) Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
Manolis GD, Polyzos D (2009) Recent Advances in Boundary Element Methods: A Volume to Honor Professor Dimitri Beskos, 1st ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Moss S, Hurley AD (2014) Integrating Assessment Instruments within the Diagnostic Process. In: Tsakanikos E, McCarthy J (eds) Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability: Research, Practice, and Policy. Springer, New York, NY, pp 43–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Dark Chocolate Is Good For You - And Now We Finally Know Why! In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Space Project Testing: Uniform Policies and Added Controls Would Strengthen Testing Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muenyong-Zinner S (2017) Care First Wound Healing Center a Business Plan. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hostetter MA (2016) Dear Dad: We’ve Been Gay for a Really Long Time. New York Times ST6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePlasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing
AbbreviationPlasma Chem. Plasma Process.
ISSN (print)0272-4324
ISSN (online)1572-8986
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles