How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bollinger, J.J., 2011. Metrology: filtering noise with a quantum probe. Nature 473, 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sosnick, T.R., Hinshaw, J.R., 2011. Biochemistry. How proteins fold. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334, 464–465.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, A., Kurdistani, S.K., Grunstein, M., 2002. Requirement of Hos2 histone deacetylase for gene activity in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, 1412–1414.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meibom, K.L., Blokesch, M., Dolganov, N.A., Wu, C.-Y., Schoolnik, G.K., 2005. Chitin induces natural competence in Vibrio cholerae. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310, 1824–1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert, C.L., 2012. Clinical Trials Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pickering, L., Friginal, E., Staples, S. (Eds.), 2016. Talking at Work: Corpus-based Explorations of Workplace Discourse, Communicating in Professions and Organizations. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Harmon-Jones, E., Peterson, C.K., Harmon-Jones, C., 2010. Anger, Motivation, and Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activations. In: Potegal, M., Stemmler, G., Spielberger, C. (Eds.), International Handbook of Anger: Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes. Springer, New York, NY, 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Fire In The Sky: The Southern Lights In Indigenous Oral Traditions [WWW Document], IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service? No. PEMD-85-1. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lackey, G.M., 2015. The efficacy of using a natural soil additive for the establishment, survival and diversity of native prairie and spontaneously colonizing plant communities on unirrigated green roofs in a humid subtropical climate. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets Put Another Starter On the D.L., New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bollinger, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bollinger, 2011; Sosnick and Hinshaw, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sosnick and Hinshaw, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Meibom et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Geology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Geol.
ISSN (print)0191-8141

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