How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, L., 2014. Gerontology: Will you still need me, will you still feed me? Nature 514, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, L., Jasny, B., 2008. HIV/AIDS: money matters. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, 511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, T.-T., Tseng, S.C., Lavker, R.M., 2010. Location of corneal epithelial stem cells. Nature 463, E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Faulkner, D.R., Mitchell, T.M., Healy, D., Heap, M.J., 2006. Slip on “weak” faults by the rotation of regional stress in the fracture damage zone. Nature 444, 922–925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vanbésien, O., 2012. Artificial Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sun, J., Liu, J., Yang, Y., Fan, S. (Eds.), 2012. China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2012 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddique, R., Iqbal Khan, M., 2011. Metakaolin. In: Khan, M.I. (Ed.), Supplementary Cementing Materials, Engineering Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 175–230.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Geology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Bats Mistaken Wind Turbines For Trees [WWW Document], IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare’s Professional Standards Review Organization Program. No. 109829. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sadr, E.I., 2013. To whisper in the king’s ear: Economists in Pahlavi and Islamic Iran. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Longman, J., 2014. Elite Marathoner’s Failed Test Is Another Setback for Kenya., New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Roberts and Jasny, 2008; Stewart, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Jasny, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Faulkner et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Geology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Geol.
ISSN (print)0191-8141

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