How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stillman, B., 2001. DNA replication. Genomic views of genome duplication. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, 2301–2304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bahary, N., Zon, L.I., 2001. Development. Endothelium--chicken soup for the endoderm. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294, 530–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakamaki, T., Suzuki, A., Ohtani, E., 2006. Stability of hydrous melt at the base of the Earth’s upper mantle. Nature 439, 192–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Borducchi, E.N., Liu, J., Nkolola, J.P., Cadena, A.M., Yu, W.-H., Fischinger, S., Broge, T., Abbink, P., Mercado, N.B., Chandrashekar, A., Jetton, D., Peter, L., McMahan, K., Moseley, E.T., Bekerman, E., Hesselgesser, J., Li, W., Lewis, M.G., Alter, G., Geleziunas, R., Barouch, D.H., 2018. Publisher Correction: Antibody and TLR7 agonist delay viral rebound in SHIV-infected monkeys. Nature.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AIChE technical manual, 1998. Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dijkman, R., Hofstetter, J., Koehler, J. (Eds.), 2011. Business Process Model and Notation: Third International Workshop, BPMN 2011, Lucerne, Switzerland, November 21-22, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagamachi, M., 2006. Kansei Engineering and Rough Sets Model. In: Greco, S., Hata, Y., Hirano, S., Inuiguchi, M., Miyamoto, S., Nguyen, H.S., Słowiński, R. (Eds.), Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 5th International Conference, RSCTC 2006 Kobe, Japan, November 6-8, 2006 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 27–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Geology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Captive Orca Theme Parks Are Sadly Thriving In China [WWW Document], IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Is Under Way, but Improvements Needed in Management and Oversight. No. GAO-09-323. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tajer, S.A., 2010. Topics in MIMO networks. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. The Wit of Gilbert and Sullivan, the Joys of Yiddish., New York Times 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stillman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bahary and Zon, 2001; Stillman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bahary and Zon, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Borducchi et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Geology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Geol.
ISSN (print)0191-8141

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