How to format your references using the Geriatric Mental Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geriatric Mental Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trewavas, A., 2001. Urban myths of organic farming. Nature 410, 409–410.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frey, B.J., Dueck, D., 2007. Clustering by passing messages between data points. Science 315, 972–976.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishizawa, N., Setoguchi, H., Yanagisawa, K., 2013. Structural evolution of calcite at high temperatures: phase V unveiled. Sci. Rep. 3, 2832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fang, Y., Vilella-Bach, M., Bachmann, R., Flanigan, A., Chen, J., 2001. Phosphatidic acid-mediated mitogenic activation of mTOR signaling. Science 294, 1942–1945.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavroudis, O.N., 2006. The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Milone, E.F., 2014. Solar System Astrophysics: Planetary Atmospheres and the Outer Solar System, 2nd ed. 2014. ed, Astronomy and Astrophysics Library. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Tinnemeier, N.A.M., Dastani, M., Meyer, J.-J.C., 2009. Orwell’s Nightmare for Agents? Programming Multi-agent Organisations, in: Hindriks, K.V., Pokahr, A., Sardina, S. (Eds.), Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Workshop, ProMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008. Revised Invited and Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 56–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geriatric Mental Health Care.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Russian Spacecraft Falling To Earth Poses No Danger – We Have Survived Bigger Objects [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Department of Education: Management of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (No. HRD-90-21BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fresolone, C., 2012. The pedagogical use of Gerald Near’s “Chantworks” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2012. Thousands In Moscow Rally to Call By Patriarch. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trewavas, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Frey and Dueck, 2007; Trewavas, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frey and Dueck, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fang et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeriatric Mental Health Care
AbbreviationGeriatr. Ment. Health Care
ISSN (print)2212-9693
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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