How to format your references using the Geriatric Mental Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geriatric Mental Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows, M., 2003. Biomechanics: froghopper insects leap to new heights. Nature 424, 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C.T., Planavsky, N.J., 2011. Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature 474, E1-2; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amari, T., Luciani, J.-F., Aly, J.-J., 2015. Small-scale dynamo magnetism as the driver for heating the solar atmosphere. Nature 522, 188–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Curro, N.J., Caldwell, T., Bauer, E.D., Morales, L.A., Graf, M.J., Bang, Y., Balatsky, A.V., Thompson, J.D., Sarrao, J.L., 2005. Unconventional superconductivity in PuCoGa5. Nature 434, 622–625.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J.G., 2005. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ghafar-Zadeh, E., 2010. CMOS Capacitive Sensors for Lab-on-Chip Applications: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferronsky, V.I., Denisik, S.A., Ferronsky, S.V., 2011. Solution of Jacobi’s Virial Equation for Conservative Systems, in: Denisik, S.A., Ferronsky, S.V. (Eds.), Jacobi Dynamics: A Unified Theory with Applications to Geophysics, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics and Cosmology, Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 93–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geriatric Mental Health Care.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. New Contraceptive Lasts For Three Months And Protects Against HIV And Pregnancy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Surface Transportation: A Comprehensive Plan Could Facilitate Implementation of a National Performance Management Approach (No. GAO-17-638). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cusick, J.A., 2012. Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. After a 32-Year Journey, Justice Stevens Renounces Capital Punishment. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burrows, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Burrows, 2003; Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Curro et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeriatric Mental Health Care
AbbreviationGeriatr. Ment. Health Care
ISSN (print)2212-9693
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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