How to format your references using the Geriatric Mental Health Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geriatric Mental Health Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbash, D.A., 2011. Comment on “A test of the snowball theory for the rate of evolution of hybrid incompatibilities.” Science 333, 1576; author reply 1576.
A journal article with 2 authors
Regoes, R.R., Bonhoeffer, S., 2006. Emergence of drug-resistant influenza virus: population dynamical considerations. Science 312, 389–391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provencio, I., Rollag, M.D., Castrucci, A.M., 2002. Photoreceptive net in the mammalian retina. This mesh of cells may explain how some blind mice can still tell day from night. Nature 415, 493.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thomas, A., Rahmanian, S., Bordbar, A., Palsson, B.Ø., Jamshidi, N., 2014. Network reconstruction of platelet metabolism identifies metabolic signature for aspirin resistance. Sci. Rep. 4, 3925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher, A., 2011. God, Sex, and Gender. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Perner, P. (Ed.), 2014. Advances in Data Mining. Applications and Theoretical Aspects: 14th Industrial Conference, ICDM 2014, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 16-20, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Endrullis, J., Grabmayer, C., Hendriks, D., Klop, J.W., de Vrijer, R., 2009. Proving Infinitary Normalization, in: Berardi, S., Damiani, F., de’Liguoro, U. (Eds.), Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 64–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geriatric Mental Health Care.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Americans Lack Confidence In Science On Politicized Topics [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Credit Programs: Key Agencies Should Better Document Procedures for Estimating Subsidy Costs (No. GAO-16-269). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katukuri, J., 2012. Relationship Extraction and Link Discovery from Biomedical Literature (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz, R.R., Ivory, D., Stout, H., 2014. 13 Deaths, Untold Heartache, From G.M. Defect. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbash, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Barbash, 2011; Regoes and Bonhoeffer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Regoes and Bonhoeffer, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeriatric Mental Health Care
AbbreviationGeriatr. Ment. Health Care
ISSN (print)2212-9693
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Psychiatry and Mental health

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