How to format your references using the Journal of Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holt, R. D. (2000). Evolutionary biology. Use it or lose it. Nature, 407(6805), 689–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellmann, H., & Estelle, M. (2002). Plant development: regulation by protein degradation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 793–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Isakov, S. V., Melko, R. G., & Hastings, M. B. (2012). Universal signatures of fractionalized quantum critical points. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6065), 193–195.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Oliver, K. M., Degnan, P. H., Hunter, M. S., & Moran, N. A. (2009). Bacteriophages encode factors required for protection in a symbiotic mutualism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 992–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D. (2010). Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hassanien, A. E., Kim, T.-H., Kacprzyk, J., & Awad, A. I. (Eds.). (2014). Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gass, T., Székely, G., & Goksel, O. (2013). Semi-supervised Segmentation Using Multiple Segmentation Hypotheses from a Single Atlas. In B. H. Menze, G. Langs, L. Lu, A. Montillo, Z. Tu, & A. Criminisi (Eds.), Medical Computer Vision. Recognition Techniques and Applications in Medical Imaging: Second International MICCAI Workshop, MCV 2012, Nice, France, October 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 29–37). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 6). Rosetta Arrives at Comet After 10 Year Voyage. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). GAO Request for Additional SES Positions (No. 126106). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nattress, D. A. (2013). Benefits of single-gender education: Perceptions of middle grade teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Endrst, J. (2016, September 6). Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hellmann & Estelle, 2002; Holt, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellmann & Estelle, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Isakov et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Oliver et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuropsychology
AbbreviationJ. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1748-6645
ISSN (online)1748-6653
ScopeBehavioral Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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