How to format your references using the Frontiers in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petsko, G. (2010). Save university arts from the bean counters. Nature 468, 1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cossart, P., and Sansonetti, P. J. (2004). Bacterial invasion: the paradigms of enteroinvasive pathogens. Science 304, 242–248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., van Duijn, E., and Braakman, I. (2002). Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science 298, 2401–2403.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Weidner, C. I., Walenda, T., Lin, Q., Wölfler, M. M., Denecke, B., Costa, I. G., et al. (2013). Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells acquire distinct DNA-hypermethylation during in vitro culture. Sci. Rep. 3, 3372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, M. (2013). Everyday Moral Economies. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Delcambre, L., Kop, C., Mayr, H. C., Mylopoulos, J., and Pastor, O. eds. (2005). Conceptual Modeling – ER 2005: 24th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaya, Y., Jocic, S., and Miladinovic, D. (2012). “Sunflower,” in Technological Innovations in Major World Oil Crops, Volume 1: Breeding, ed. S. K. Gupta (New York, NY: Springer), 85–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Six Mysteries Solved By Science. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crane, C. C. (2017). A Qualitative Study on the Preferred Working Environment of Southern California Secondary Teachers with Experience in Both a District Traditional School and a District Charter School.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Collins-Hughes, L. (2017). The God of Wine’s Grand Plan in the Garden State. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petsko, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cossart and Sansonetti, 2004; Petsko, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cossart and Sansonetti, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Weidner et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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