How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schröder, R.: The genes orthodenticle and hunchback substitute for bicoid in the beetle Tribolium. Nature. 422, 621–625 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Skourtis, S.S., Beratan, D.N.: Biochemistry. Photosynthesis from the protein’s perspective. Science. 316, 703–704 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Weiss, E., Kislev, M.E., Hartmann, A.: Anthropology. Autonomous cultivation before domestication. Science. 312, 1608–1610 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ridderinkhof, K.R., de Vlugt, Y., Bramlage, A., Spaan, M., Elton, M., Snel, J., Band, G.P.H.: Alcohol consumption impairs detection of performance errors in mediofrontal cortex. Science. 298, 2209–2211 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prydie, D., Hewitt, I.: Practical Physiotherapy for Small Animal Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Chiarcos, C., Nordhoff, S., Hellmann, S. eds: Linked Data in Linguistics: Representing and Connecting Language Data and Language Metadata. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Nagata, Y., Bräysy, O.: Efficient Local Search Limitation Strategies for Vehicle Routing Problems. In: Hemert, J. van and Cotta, C. (eds.) Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings. pp. 48–60. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Universe’s Most Miraculous Molecule


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Vehicle Safety: Opportunities Exist to Enhance NHTSA’s New Car Assessment Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, K.: Comparing high school physics standards: What is included and what is not, (2011)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A.: New Audio Books Pack a Lot More Prose, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

Other styles