How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zolla-Pazner, S.: A critical question for HIV vaccine development: which antibodies to induce? Science. 345, 167–168 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs, R.E., Bermingham, E.: Nonequilibrium diversity dynamics of the Lesser Antillean avifauna. Science. 294, 1522–1524 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Krupic, J., Burgess, N., O’Keefe, J.: Neural representations of location composed of spatially periodic bands. Science. 337, 853–857 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blewitt, G., Lavallée, D., Clarke, P., Nurutdinov, K.: A new global mode of Earth deformation: seasonal cycle detected. Science. 294, 2342–2345 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bannwarth, H.: Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005)
An edited book
Majumder, M.: Feasibility Model of Solar Energy Plants by ANN and MCDM Techniques. Springer, Singapore (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, W.-Y., Paek, K.-Y.: Seeking for New Members of Origin Materials (A New Usage of Plant Species) for CMM. In: Huang, L.-Q. (ed.) Molecular Pharmacognosy. pp. 83–104. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Battery Revolution Is Exciting, But Remember They Pollute Too,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Student Financial Aid: Characteristics of Jobs Provided Through the College Work-Study Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, J.W.: Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: London. Tokyo. Athens. Tulsa?, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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