How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telenti, A.: HIV: The mixed blessing of interferon. Nature. 511, 537–538 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Errington, J.R., Debenedetti, P.G.: Relationship between structural order and the anomalies of liquid water. Nature. 409, 318–321 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonzalez, S., Kitchener, A.C., Lister, A.M.: Survival of the Irish elk into the Holocene. Nature. 405, 753–754 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Swindell, W.R., Johnston, A., Xing, X., Little, A., Robichaud, P., Voorhees, J.J., Fisher, G., Gudjonsson, J.E.: Robust shifts in S100a9 expression with aging: a novel mechanism for chronic inflammation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1215 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramirez, J.: Handbook of Corporate Equity Derivatives and Equity Capital Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK (2011)
An edited book
Jin, D., Lin, S. eds: Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Kuś, Z., Nawrat, A.: Object Tracking in a Picture during Rapid Camera Movements. In: Nawrat, A. and Kuś, Z. (eds.) Vision Based Systemsfor UAV Applications. pp. 77–91. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: What Color Are These Shoes? New Argument Engulfs The Internet


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Comments on Claim Against Mississippi for Disallowed Educational Grant Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hertzog, L.: Development and implementation of a prenatal postpartum depression education program for nurse practitioner students at California State University Long Beach, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J.: After a Retirement, Putting to Bed The Times’s First Email Address, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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