How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J.: Strategies against HIV/AIDS. Australia shows its neighbors how to stem an epidemic. Introduction. Science. 345, 152–155 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
McNiven, M.A., Thompson, H.M.: Vesicle formation at the plasma membrane and trans-Golgi network: the same but different. Science. 313, 1591–1594 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, M.P., Dameris, M., Shepherd, T.G.: Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science. 316, 1576–1577 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vlahou, E.L., Thurm, F., Kolassa, I.-T., Schlee, W.: Resting-state slow wave power, healthy aging and cognitive performance. Sci. Rep. 4, 5101 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J.: The Design Manager’s Handbook. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2013)
An edited book
Piekkola, H., Snellman, K. eds: Collective Bargaining and Wage Formation: Performance and Challenges. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer, G.: Orthopedic Surgery. In: Grampp, S. (ed.) Radiology of Osteoporosis. pp. 69–76. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Micro-turbines could revolutionize small-scale energy production,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aircraft Maintenance: FAA Needs to Follow Through on Plans to Ensure the Safety of Aging Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M.H.: An Examination of Executive Function, Stress, and Adolescent Attachment to Caregivers in a Social Neuroscience Model Using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (SECCYD), (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M.: 6 Composers Chosen For Miller Portraits, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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