How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wehrwein, P.: Stem cells: Repeat to fade. Nature. 492, S12-3 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gautel, M., Ehler, E.: Cell biology. Gett’N-WASP stripes. Science. 330, 1491–1492 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuch, B.B., Li, H., Johnson, A.D.: Evolution of eukaryotic transcription circuits. Science. 319, 1797–1799 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghosh, D., Griswold, J., Erman, M., Pangborn, W.: Structural basis for androgen specificity and oestrogen synthesis in human aromatase. Nature. 457, 219–223 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll, N.: Minerva’s Night Out. A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Verhezen, P., Williamson, I., Crosby, M., Soebagjo, N. eds: Doing Business in ASEAN Markets: Leadership Challenges and Governance Solutions across Asian Borders. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Moffett, D.F., Onken, H.: The Cellular Basis of Extreme Alkali Secretion in Insects: A Tale of Two Tissues. In: Gerencser, G.A. (ed.) Epithelial Transport Physiology. pp. 91–112. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B.: Huge Variation In Rattlesnake Venom Reveals Intense Arms Race Against Squirrels,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology Reform: Billions of Dollars in Savings Have Been Realized, but Agencies Need to Complete Reinvestment Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pittsinger, R.F.: The effect of a single bout of surfing on exercise-induced affect, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Syndergaard, Last Man Standing, Is Natural Choice for Survival Game, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

Other styles