How to format your references using the The Ramanujan Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ramanujan Journal (Ramanujan J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mercader, J.: Mozambican grass seed consumption during the Middle Stone Age. Science. 326, 1680–1683 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Parson, E.A., Keith, D.W.: Science and regulation. End the deadlock on governance of geoengineering research. Science. 339, 1278–1279 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell, J.A., Thomas, S.N., Swartz, M.A.: Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature. 462, 449–460 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yilmaz, O.H., Valdez, R., Theisen, B.K., Guo, W., Ferguson, D.O., Wu, H., Morrison, S.J.: Pten dependence distinguishes haematopoietic stem cells from leukaemia-initiating cells. Nature. 441, 475–482 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan, T.R., Bala Tripura Sundari, B.: Design Through Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Evans, H.M., Burt, T.P. eds: The Collegiate Way: University Education in a Collegiate Context. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
François, D., Pineau, A., Zaoui, A.: Viscoelasticity. In: Pineau, A. and Zaoui, A. (eds.) Mechanical Behaviour of Materials: Volume 1: Micro- and Macroscopic Constitutive Behaviour. pp. 445–505. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ramanujan Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: A Potential New Dwarf Planet Has Been Found In The Solar System


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Report to the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on Fundamental Improvements Needed for Timely Promulgation of Health Program Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best, W.: Beneath the Silence, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: A Harbinger of U.S. Woes, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ramanujan Journal
AbbreviationRamanujan J.
ISSN (print)1382-4090
ISSN (online)1572-9303
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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