How to format your references using the Planta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plutzky J (2003) Medicine. PPARs as therapeutic targets: reverse cardiology? Science 302:406–407
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer PI, Smith MJ (2014) Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature 512:365–366
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiger AA, White-Cooper H, Fuller MT (2000) Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature 407:750–754
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Evans RE, Bhaskar MK, Sukachev DD, et al (2018) Photon-mediated interactions between quantum emitters in a diamond nanocavity. Science 362:662–665

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ralph D, Graham P (2004) MMS: Technologies, Usage and Business Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Guelfi N (ed) (2005) Rapid Integration of Software Engineering Techniques: First International Workshop, RISE 2004, Luxembourg-Kirchberg, Luxembourg, November 26, 2004. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee K, Doyen L, Filiot E, Raskin J-F (2014) Doomsday Equilibria for Omega-Regular Games. In: McMillan KL, Rival X (eds) Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 78–97

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planta.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Polar Bears Face Starvation And Cub Loss Due To Sea Ice Loss. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Problems Found With Government Acquisition and Use of Computers From November 1965 to December 1976. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak A (2013) Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) The Listings; Film Series. New York Times C23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plutzky 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Plutzky 2003; Palmer and Smith 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Smith 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Evans et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanta
ISSN (print)0032-0935
ISSN (online)1432-2048
ScopePlant Science

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