How to format your references using the European Neuropsychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neuropsychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chambers, R.G., 2004. Obituary: David Shoenberg (1911-2004). Nature 428, 613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hudson, K.L., Collins, F.S., 2013. Biospecimen policy: Family matters. Nature 500, 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whittington, A.G., Hofmeister, A.M., Nabelek, P.I., 2009. Temperature-dependent thermal diffusivity of the Earth’s crust and implications for magmatism. Nature 458, 319–321.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schartl, M., Hornung, U., Hissmann, K., Schauer, J., Fricke, H., 2005. Genetics: relatedness among east African coelacanths. Nature 435, 901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daries, H., 2012. Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Ganty, P., Loreti, M. (Eds.), 2016. Trustworthy Global Computing: 10th International Symposium, TGC 2015 Madrid, Spain, August 31 – September 1, 2015 Revised Selected Papers, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Alarcón, B., Lucas, S., Meseguer, J., 2010. A Dependency Pair Framework for A ∨ C-Termination, in: Ölveczky, P.C. (Ed.), Rewriting Logic and Its Applications: 8th International Workshop, WRLA 2010, Held as a Satellite Event of ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-21, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neuropsychopharmacology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Long Periods Of Poverty Linked To Loss Of Brain Function [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment (No. LCD-76-102). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K.A., 2009. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, P.S., 2017. Ruling on E.U. Trade Deals Retains a Hurdle for Brexit Negotiations. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chambers, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chambers, 2004; Hudson and Collins, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hudson and Collins, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Schartl et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
AbbreviationEur. Neuropsychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0924-977X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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