How to format your references using the European Neuropsychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neuropsychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simon, J.A., 2009. Transcription. Sweet silencing. Science 325, 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karklin, Y., Lewicki, M.S., 2009. Emergence of complex cell properties by learning to generalize in natural scenes. Nature 457, 83–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomonaga, M., Uwano, Y., Saito, T., 2014. How dolphins see the world: a comparison with chimpanzees and humans. Sci. Rep. 4, 3717.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y., Juranek, S., Li, H., Sheng, G., Tuschl, T., Patel, D.J., 2008. Structure of an argonaute silencing complex with a seed-containing guide DNA and target RNA duplex. Nature 456, 921–926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N.P., 2013. Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mortimer, E.F., El-Hani, C.N. (Eds.), 2014. Conceptual Profiles: A Theory of Teaching and Learning Scientific Concepts, Contemporary Trends and Issues in Science Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tokalaki, A., Michailidis, A., Partalidou, M., Theodossiou, G., 2016. Crisis and Social Capital in Greece: A Comparative Study Between Rural and Urban Communities, in: Karasavvoglou, A., Aranđelović, Z., Marinković, S., Polychronidou, P. (Eds.), The First Decade of Living with the Global Crisis: Economic and Social Developments in the Balkans and Eastern Europe, Contributions to Economics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neuropsychopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Ready To Witness Milky Way’s Black Hole Consume Giant Gas Cloud [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Aerial Refueling Initiative: Cross-Service Analysis Needed To Determine Best Approach (No. NSIAD-93-186). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tubbs, M.A., 2014. The use of hand-constructed graphs in Microcomputer-Based Laboratories for kinematics instruction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007. Russia: Oil Company Raises Estimate. New York Times C13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simon, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Karklin and Lewicki, 2009; Simon, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karklin and Lewicki, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
AbbreviationEur. Neuropsychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0924-977X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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