How to format your references using the European Neuropsychopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Neuropsychopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pertsev, N.A., 2013. Origin of easy magnetization switching in magnetic tunnel junctions with voltage-controlled interfacial anisotropy. Sci. Rep. 3, 2757.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, M.R., Choi, B.C., 2001. Advances in magnetic microscopy. Science 294, 1484–1488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, H.-J., Li, W.-Z., Yang, X.-K., 2014. Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data. Sci. Rep. 4, 5436.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wudick, M.M., Portes, M.T., Michard, E., Rosas-Santiago, P., Lizzio, M.A., Nunes, C.O., Campos, C., Santa Cruz Damineli, D., Carvalho, J.C., Lima, P.T., Pantoja, O., Feijó, J.A., 2018. CORNICHON sorting and regulation of GLR channels underlie pollen tube Ca2+ homeostasis. Science 360, 533–536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogers, E.F., Jr, 2013. Aquinas and the Supreme Court. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xhafa, F., Caballé, S., Abraham, A., Daradoumis, T., Juan Perez, A.A. (Eds.), 2010. Computational Intelligence for Technology Enhanced Learning, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanneforth, T., 2009. fsm2 – A Scripting Language for Creating Weighted Finite-State Morphologies, in: Mahlow, C., Piotrowski, M. (Eds.), State of the Art in Computational Morphology: Workshop on Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology, SFCM 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, September 4, 2009. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Neuropsychopharmacology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Spectacular New Images Of Pluto’s Moon Charon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Increased Compliance Needed With Nursing Home Health and Sanitary Standards (No. MWD-76-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do, Y.K., 2008. Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carter, D.T., 2016. What Donald Trump Owes George Wallace. New York Times SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pertsev, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman and Choi, 2001; Pertsev, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman and Choi, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wudick et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Neuropsychopharmacology
AbbreviationEur. Neuropsychopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0924-977X
ScopeClinical Neurology
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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