How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lucht, R.P., 2007. Chemistry. Femtosecond lasers for molecular measurements. Science 316, 207–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinhardt, P.J., Turok, N., 2002. A cyclic model of the universe. Science 296, 1436–1439.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd, R.W., Chan, K.W.C., O’Sullivan, M.N., 2007. Physics. Quantum weirdness in the lab. Science 317, 1874–1875.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Williams, J.A., Su, H.S., Bernards, A., Field, J., Sehgal, A., 2001. A circadian output in Drosophila mediated by neurofibromatosis-1 and Ras/MAPK. Science 293, 2251–2256.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane, M., Hammond, A., Peat, A., 2014. Modernism: Keywords. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Crowhurst, M. (Ed.), 2015. Beginning Teachers: Reviewing Disastrous Lessons. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Har-Peled, S., Koltun, V., 2005. Separability with Outliers, in: Deng, X., Du, D.-Z. (Eds.), Algorithms and Computation: 16th International Symposium, ISAAC 2005, Sanya, Hainan, China, December 19-21, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 28–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. There’s Another Way To Combat Climate Change — But Let’s Not Call It Geoengineering [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. GAO Request for Additional SES Positions (No. 126106). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krepstekies, C., 2010. News Media Representations of Women in the U.S. Military Post September 11, 2001 (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin, J.P., 2017. 59 Missiles Don’t Equal a Foreign Policy. New York Times SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lucht, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lucht, 2007; Steinhardt and Turok, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinhardt and Turok, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Williams et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science

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