How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Ground control. Nature 421, 969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seelig, J.D., Jayaraman, V., 2013. Feature detection and orientation tuning in the Drosophila central complex. Nature 503, 262–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, K., Cong, B., Ye, D., 2000. The possible subduction of continental material to depths greater than 200 km. Nature 407, 734–736.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Humbles, A.A., Lu, B., Nilsson, C.A., Lilly, C., Israel, E., Fujiwara, Y., Gerard, N.P., Gerard, C., 2000. A role for the C3a anaphylatoxin receptor in the effector phase of asthma. Nature 406, 998–1001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tan, Y., 2016. Artificial Immune System Applications in Computersecurity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Handke, V., 2013. Flexible Ridesharing: New Opportunities and Service Concepts for Sustainable Mobility. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Crooks, A.T., Heppenstall, A.J., 2012. Introduction to Agent-Based Modelling, in: Heppenstall, A.J., Crooks, A.T., See, L.M., Batty, M. (Eds.), Agent-Based Models of Geographical Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Study Reveals That Your Cat Is Basically A Tiny Lion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Highlights of a Forum: Health Care 20 Years From Now--Taking Steps Today to Meet Tomorrow’s Challenges (No. GAO-07-1155SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safarian Bahri, P., 2017. Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Misleading Statements From President’s Cabinet. New York Times A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Seelig and Jayaraman, 2013; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seelig and Jayaraman, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Humbles et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science
Genetics
Physiology

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