How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brenner, S., 2014. Retrospective. Frederick Sanger (1918-2013). Science 343, 262.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zheng, J., Jia, Z., 2010. Structure of the bifunctional isocitrate dehydrogenase kinase/phosphatase. Nature 465, 961–965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Dudin, Y.O., Kuzmich, A., 2013. Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitation. Nature 498, 466–469.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kumar, E.A., Chen, Q., Kizhake, S., Kolar, C., Kang, M., Chang, C.-E.A., Borgstahl, G.E.O., Natarajan, A., 2013. The paradox of conformational constraint in the design of Cbl(TKB)-binding peptides. Sci. Rep. 3, 1639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaut Roth, C., Faulkner, W.H., Jr, 2013. Review Questions for MRI. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Marcus, A. (Ed.), 2016. Design, User Experience, and Usability: Novel User Experiences: 5th International Conference, DUXU 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, Canada, July 17–22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomizawa, Y., Arai, I., Gotoh, S., 2009. Development of an Array Antenna Landmine Detection Radar System, in: Furuta, K., Ishikawa, J. (Eds.), Anti-Personnel Landmine Detection for Humanitarian Demining: The Current Situation and Future Direction for Japanese Research and Development. Springer, London, pp. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Some Of The Earth’s Original Crust Survives In Northern Canada [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Emergency Alerting: Capabilities Have Improved, but Additional Guidance and Testing Are Needed (No. GAO-13-375). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aramphongphun, C., 2006. In-mold Coating of Thermoplastic and Composite Parts: Microfluidics and Rheology (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L., 2011. Harsh Realities. New York Times ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brenner, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brenner, 2014, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zheng and Jia, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science

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