How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weissman, J., 2009. Journal club. A biochemist looks at how DNA sequencing can reveal more than just sequences. Nature 461, 1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, T., Hayashi, S., 2013. Mitotic cell rounding accelerates epithelial invagination. Nature 494, 125–129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srinivasan, V., Pierik, A.J., Lill, R., 2014. Crystal structures of nucleotide-free and glutathione-bound mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1. Science 343, 1137–1140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, M., Katz, H.E., Erben, C., Gill, D.M., Gopalan, P., Heber, J.D., McGee, D.J., 2002. Broadband modulation of light by using an electro-optic polymer. Science 298, 1401–1403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J.C., McCormick, N.J., 2011. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Töpler, J., Lehmann, J. (Eds.), 2016. Hydrogen and Fuel Cell: Technologies and Market Perspectives, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jobst, A.A., 2016. A Primer on Structured Finance, in: Satchell, S. (Ed.), Derivatives and Hedge Funds. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 72–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Top 10 Space Science Stories From 2014 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Information Technology: VA and DOD Are Making Progress in Sharing Medical Information, but Remain Far from Having Comprehensive Electronic Medical Records (No. GAO-07-1108T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph, C.S., 2015. Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. I Say Yip-Yip, You Say Ruff-Ruff: Small Dogs Lobby for Own Dog Run. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weissman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kondo and Hayashi, 2013; Weissman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo and Hayashi, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science

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