How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D., 2005. Nuts and bolts. Networking for introverts. Nature 434, 120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krumholz, M.R., McKee, C.F., 2008. A minimum column density of 1 g cm(-2) for massive star formation. Nature 451, 1082–1084.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biggins, J.B., Onwueme, K.C., Thorson, J.S., 2003. Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice. Science 301, 1537–1541.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Won, S., Saun, S.-B., Lee, Soonchil, Lee, Sanggap, Kim, K., Han, Y., 2013. NMR spectroscopy for thin films by magnetic resonance force microscopy. Sci. Rep. 3, 3189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krishnan, V., 2006. Probability and Random Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Huang, T. (Ed.), 2016. Water Pollution and Water Quality Control of Selected Chinese Reservoir Basins, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Laskowski, M., Mukhi, S., 2009. Agent-Based Simulation of Emergency Departments with Patient Diversion, in: Weerasinghe, D. (Ed.), Electronic Healthcare: First International Conference, EHealth 2008, London, UK, September 8-9, 2008. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Cod Stocks Off Canada’s Eastern Coast Making A Comeback [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Federal Research: DOE Is Addressing Invention Disclosure and Other Challenges but Needs a Plan to Guide Data Management Improvements (No. GAO-15-212). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, Z., 2017. Primary Isotope Effect on Secondary Kinetic Isotope Effects and Hammett Correlations in Hydride Transfer Reactions (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. How Colbert Finally Got Real. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2005; Krumholz and McKee, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krumholz and McKee, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Won et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science

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