How to format your references using the Plant Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sejnowski, T.J., 2003. Perceptions of science. Tap into science 24-7. Science 301, 601.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bercovici, D., Ricard, Y., 2014. Plate tectonics, damage and inheritance. Nature 508, 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Tao, H.W., Poo, M.-M., 2003. Reversal and stabilization of synaptic modifications in a developing visual system. Science 300, 1953–1957.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Su, C., Evans, D., Cole, R.H., Kissinger, J.C., Ajioka, J.W., Sibley, L.D., 2003. Recent expansion of Toxoplasma through enhanced oral transmission. Science 299, 414–416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holt, J., 2013. The Ultimate Daily Show and Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Washio, T., Luo, J. (Eds.), 2013. Emerging Trends in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: PAKDD 2012 International Workshops: DMHM, GeoDoc, 3Clust, and DSDM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 29 – June 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sontz, S.B., 2014. Toeplitz Quantization without Measure or Inner Product, in: Kielanowski, P., Bieliavsky, P., Odesskii, A., Odzijewicz, A., Schlichenmaier, M., Voronov, T. (Eds.), Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXII Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 30-July 6, 2013, Trends in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Astronomers Witness The Dying “Breath” Of A Giant Radio Galaxy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Traffic Congestion: Federal Efforts to Improve Mobility (No. PEMD-90-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shafran, R.F., 2017. Leading Organizational Change: A Phenomenological Study of the Nonlinear Strategies Used by Female Leaders in Global Companies (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., Walsh, M.W., 2012. Unions Fight Scranton Mayor After He Cuts Pay to Minimum Wage. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sejnowski, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bercovici and Ricard, 2014; Sejnowski, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bercovici and Ricard, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationPlant Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0981-9428
ScopePlant Science

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