How to format your references using the Islets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lammert E. Developmental biology. Brain Wnts for blood vessels. Science 2008; 322:1195–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Velicogna I, Wahr J. Acceleration of Greenland ice mass loss in spring 2004. Nature 2006; 443:329–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tilmann F, Ni J, INDEPTH III Seismic Team. Seismic imaging of the downwelling Indian lithosphere beneath central Tibet. Science 2003; 300:1424–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dekel A, Birnboim Y, Engel G, Freundlich J, Goerdt T, Mumcuoglu M, Neistein E, Pichon C, Teyssier R, Zinger E. Cold streams in early massive hot haloes as the main mode of galaxy formation. Nature 2009; 457:451–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Andresen R, Oades LG, Caputi P. Psychological Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Watada J, Phillips-Wren G, Jain LC, Howlett RJ, editors. Intelligent Decision Technologies: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Decision Technologies (IDT’ 2011). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Atapattu S, Tellambura C, Jiang H. Performance Measurements. In: Tellambura C, Jiang H, editors. Energy Detection for Spectrum Sensing in Cognitive Radio. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. page 41–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islets.

Blog post
Fang J. Evaporation-Powered Engine Propels Mini Cars [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard-Skipper J. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Ground Zero, Deluged. New York Times2016; :MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIslets
ISSN (print)1938-2014
ISSN (online)1938-2022
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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