How to format your references using the Islets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCormick S. Plant science. Reproductive dialog. Science 2007; 317:606–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belgrano A, Fowler CW. Evolution. How fisheries affect evolution. Science 2013; 342:1176–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strauss SH, Costanza A, Séguin A. BIOTECHNOLOGY. Genetically engineered trees: Paralysis from good intentions. Science 2015; 349:794–5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cheng X-Y, Tian X-L, Wang Y-S, Lin R-M, Mao Z-C, Chen N, Xie B-Y. Metagenomic analysis of the pinewood nematode microbiome reveals a symbiotic relationship critical for xenobiotics degradation. Sci Rep 2013; 3:1869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman H. Stress and Your Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Almeida RMSF. School Buildings Rehabilitation: Indoor Environmental Quality and Enclosure Optimization. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Gegg BC, Suh CS, Luo ACJ. Cutting Dynamics Mechanism. In: Suh CS, Luo ACJ, editors. Machine Tool Vibrations and Cutting Dynamics. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. page 101–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islets.

Blog post
Andrew E. Men Walk On Ice As Clear As Glass. IFLScience2014;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Information Collection and Management at the Federal Communications Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sousa KL. Soul Seeking: A Crossing. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. Children’s Books. New York Times1995; :723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIslets
ISSN (print)1938-2014
ISSN (online)1938-2022
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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