How to format your references using the Islets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Islets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zon LI. Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature 2008; 453:306–13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Straub T, Becker PB. Comment on “Drosophila dosage compensation involves enhanced Pol II recruitment to male X-linked promoters.” Science 2013; 340:273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch NX, Ding JB, Sabatini BL. Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature 2012; 490:262–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tian Y, Wu G, Tian X, Tao X, Chen W. Novel erythrocyte-like graphene microspheres with high quality and mass production capability via electrospray assisted self-assembly. Sci Rep 2013; 3:3327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips JJ, Phillips P, Pulliam A. Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
Fichter K, Beucker S, editors. Innovation Communities: Teamworking of Key Persons - A Success Factor in Radical Innovation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Tohmé FA, Bodanza GA, Simari GR. Aggregation of Attack Relations: A Social-Choice Theoretical Analysis of Defeasibility Criteria. In: Hartmann S, Kern-Isberner G, editors. Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems: 5th International Symposium, FoIKS 2008, Pisa, Italy, February 11-15, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. page 8–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Islets.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Men And Women Can’t Agree On The Perfect Temperature [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Streamlining FHA’s Single Family Housing Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos LL. Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinase C signaling: Control of normal cellular dynamics and mis-regulation in cancer. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Mandela’s Prison Letters Are to Be Published. New York Times2017; :C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIslets
ISSN (print)1938-2014
ISSN (online)1938-2022
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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