How to format your references using the Modern Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gewin V. While industrial agrobiotech R&D falters, opportunities in plant biology in the public sector are growing. Nature 2002;419:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Sneppen K, Semsey S. Mismatch repair at stop codons is directed independent of GATC methylation on the Escherichia coli chromosome. Sci Rep 2014;4:7346.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Sweeney KE, Roering JJ, Ellis C. GEOMORPHOLOGY. Experimental evidence for hillslope control of landscape scale. Science 2015;349:51–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Thomas PC, Veverka J, Robinson MS, et al. Shoemaker crater as the source of most ejecta blocks on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature 2001;413:394–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stuart B. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
1
Rudolph KL, ed. Telomeres and Telomerase in Ageing, Disease, and Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms of Adult Stem Cell Ageing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Principe JC, McFarland DJ. BMI/BCI Modeling and Signal Processing. In: Chapin JK, Gerhardt GA, McFarland DJ, et al., editors. Brain-Computer Interfaces: An International Assessment of Research and Development Trends. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008. p. 47–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Pathology.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. The Most Important Thing You’re Not Discussing With Your Doctor [Internet]. IFLScience. 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Multiple Launch Rocket System: Range Less Than Needed and Sustained Rocket Production Not Ensured. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Shamloo Aliabadi E. The effect of distortion on trajectory of diesel Particulate Matters (PM) from mobile sources. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Poniewozik J. It’s Dark Out There Among the Stars. New York Times. 2017;:C15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Pathology
AbbreviationMod. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0893-3952
ISSN (online)1530-0285
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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