How to format your references using the Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross FM, 2015. Opportunities and challenges in liquid cell electron microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350, aaa9886.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss BP, Tikoo SM, 2014. The lunar dynamo. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346, 1246753.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai Y, Zhang G, Zhang Y-W, 2014. Layer-dependent band alignment and work function of few-layer phosphorene. Scientific reports 4, 6677.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Beukeboom LW, Kamping A, Louter M et al., 2007. Haploid females in the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, 206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai T, 2015. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Paris O (Ed.), 2016. Structure and Multiscale Mechanics of Carbon Nanomaterials. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Srinivas V, Mitra P, 2016. Two-Phase Framework for Link Prediction. In: Mitra P, ed. Link Prediction in Social Networks: Role of Power Law Distribution. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Taub B, 2016. United Nations To Get Tough On Killer Robots In 2017. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Total Quality Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo K, 2017. Sana Mente Center. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J, 2017. Back on the Mound, Harvey Has Issues With Command. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ross, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Weiss & Tikoo, 2014; Ross, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss & Tikoo, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Beukeboom et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Pathology
AbbreviationPlant Pathol.
ISSN (online)1365-3059
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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