How to format your references using the Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montagnier L, 2002. Historical essay. A history of HIV discovery. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, 1727–1728.
A journal article with 2 authors
Du L, Poovaiah BW, 2005. Ca2+/calmodulin is critical for brassinosteroid biosynthesis and plant growth. Nature 437, 741–745.
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi T, Kay SA, Schroeder JI, 2007. Circadian rhythms. Daily watch on metabolism. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318, 1730–1731.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Müller C, Maeso I, Wittbrodt J, Martínez-Morales JR, 2013. The medaka mutation tintachina sheds light on the evolution of V-ATPase B subunits in vertebrates. Scientific reports 3, 3217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery GE, Schuch HC, 2007. GIS Data Conversion Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mohamad Zain J, Wan Mohd WM bt, El-Qawasmeh E (Eds.), 2011. Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lacomme L, Demazeau Y, Dugdale J, 2010. CLIC: An Agent-Based Interactive and Autonomous Piece of Art. In: Demazeau Y,, Dignum F,, Corchado JM,, Pérez JB, eds. Advances in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 8th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems (PAAMS 2010). Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 25–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Taub B, 2016. Zombie Genes That Wake Up After You Die Could Help To Predict Time Of Death. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan AB, 2008. Beyond dynamic textures: A family of stochastic dynamical models for video with applications to computer vision. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg M, LaFRANIERE S, Apuzzo M, 2017. Foreign Policy Advisers, Added To Solve a Problem, Pose One. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montagnier, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Montagnier, 2002; Du & Poovaiah, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Du & Poovaiah, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Müller et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Pathology
AbbreviationPlant Pathol.
ISSN (online)1365-3059
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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