How to format your references using the Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Autor DH, 2014. Skills, education, and the rise of earnings inequality among the “other 99 percent.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 843–851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Politi Y, Weaver JC, 2015. Biomineralization. Built for tough conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347, 712–713.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shipley B, Vile D, Garnier E, 2006. From plant traits to plant communities: a statistical mechanistic approach to biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314, 812–814.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nong G, Chen S, Xu Y et al., 2014. Artificial photosynthesis of oxalate and oxalate-based polymer by a photovoltaic reactor. Scientific reports 4, 3572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi D, Chouinard M, Marcotte S, Riopel D, 2012. Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zwaag S van der (Ed.), 2007. Self Healing Materials: An Alternative Approach to 20 Centuries of Materials Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Güneysu T, Oder T, Pöppelmann T, Schwabe P, 2013. Software Speed Records for Lattice-Based Signatures. In: Gaborit P, ed. Post-Quantum Cryptography: 5th International Workshop, PQCrypto 2013, Limoges, France, June 4-7, 2013. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 67–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015. Adorable Baby Sloth Born At London Zoo. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes S, 2010. The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N, 2017. Advice for Trump: Ask an Economist. New York Times, BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Autor, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Autor, 2014; Politi & Weaver, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Politi & Weaver, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Pathology
AbbreviationPlant Pathol.
ISSN (online)1365-3059
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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