How to format your references using the Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herman IP, 2007. Following the law. Nature 445, 228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phair RD, Misteli T, 2000. High mobility of proteins in the mammalian cell nucleus. Nature 404, 604–609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Buchser E, Aminian K, 2013. Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Scientific reports 3, 2019.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Genbacev OD, Prakobphol A, Foulk RA et al., 2003. Trophoblast L-selectin-mediated adhesion at the maternal-fetal interface. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299, 405–408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris A, 2008. A Practical Guide to Reliable Finite Element Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Minai AA, Bar-Yam Y (Eds.), 2008. Unifying Themes in Complex Systems IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ba S, Yang X, 2016. The Impossible Trinity. In: Yang X, ed. “Internet Plus” Pathways to the Transformation of China’s Property Sector. Singapore: Springer, 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Pathology.

Blog post
Luntz S, 2016. Natural Disasters Spark Civil Wars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Surface Transportation: Issues Associated With Pipeline Regulation by the Surface Transportation Board. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma Y, 2013. Vesicular Stomatitis Virus as a Vector to Deliver Virus-Like Particles of Human Norovirus: A New Live Vectored Vaccine for Human Norovirus. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, 2017. Right-Wing Provocateur Is Given More Fodder for His Conspiracies. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Phair & Misteli, 2000; Herman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phair & Misteli, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Genbacev et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Pathology
AbbreviationPlant Pathol.
ISSN (online)1365-3059
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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