How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine (Magn Reson Mater Phy). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fenwick A (2006) Waterborne infectious diseases--could they be consigned to history? Science 313:1077–1081.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gómez FJ, Waymouth RM (2002) Polymer synthesis. Catalysts rise to the challenge. Science 295:635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aarts H, Custers R, Marien H (2008) Preparing and motivating behavior outside of awareness. Science 319:1639.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Eremets MI, Trojan IA, Medvedev SA, Tse JS, Yao Y (2008) Superconductivity in hydrogen dominant materials: silane. Science 319:1506–1509.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bécherrawy T (2012) Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1. Bendix J, Beck E, Bräuning A, Makeschin F, Mosandl R, Scheu S, Wilcke W (2013) Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Environmental Change in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of South Ecuador. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1. Villmann T, Seiffert U, Schleif F-M, Brüß C, Geweniger T, Hammer B (2006) Fuzzy Labeled Self-Organizing Map with Label-Adjusted Prototypes. In: Schwenker F, Marinai S (eds) Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Second IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2006, Ulm, Germany, August 31-September 2, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J (2014) Why the Zebra Got Its Stripes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Research: Information on the Advanced Technology Program’s 1997 Award Selection. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gikiri MM (2012) Effects of attitude, norms, and perceived behavior control on intentions to become a teen father. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J (2017) Carson McCullers at 100. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine
ISSN (print)0968-5243
ISSN (online)1352-8661
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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