How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McCook A (2011) Education: Rethinking PhDs. Nature 472:280–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dohoney KM, Gelles J (2001) Chi-sequence recognition and DNA translocation by single RecBCD helicase/nuclease molecules. Nature 409:370–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Chou C-H, Chuang J-K, Chen F-C (2013) High-performance flexible waveguiding photovoltaics. Sci Rep 3:2244.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Helder EA, Vink J, Bassa CG, Bamba A, Bleeker JAM, Funk S, Ghavamian P, van der Heyden KJ, Verbunt F, Yamazaki R (2009) Measuring the cosmic-ray acceleration efficiency of a supernova remnant. Science 325:719–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Phillips JJ, Phillips P, Pulliam A (2014) Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1. Boecker H, Hillman CH, Scheef L, Strüder HK (2012) Functional Neuroimaging in Exercise and Sport Sciences. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1. Arvanitidis PA, Nasioka F, Dimogianni S (2015) Water Resource Management in Larisa: A “Tragedy of the Commons?” In: Leal Filho W, Sümer V (eds) Sustainable Water Use and Management: Examples of New Approaches and Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 65–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew D (2016) Cracked It! A 30-Year Cold Case Involving An Egg And The Mysterious Night Parrot. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1975) Opportunities for Improving Computer Use in the Bureau of the Mint. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen C (2010) A psychoeducational support group for Vietnamese American family caregivers of stroke survivors: Grant writing thesis proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG (2017) Bernie Wrightson, 68, a Comic Book Artist and Swamp Thing Creator. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine
ISSN (print)0968-5243
ISSN (online)1352-8661
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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