How to format your references using the Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lorenz R (2003) Planetary science. The glitter of distant seas. Science 302:403–404.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kolar CS, Lodge DM (2002) Ecological predictions and risk assessment for alien fishes in North America. Science 298:1233–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang YV, Ni J, Montell C (2013) The molecular basis for attractive salt-taste coding in Drosophila. Science 340:1334–1338.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Fiaux J, Bertelsen EB, Horwich AL, Wüthrich K (2002) NMR analysis of a 900K GroEL GroES complex. Nature 418:207–211.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wagner D (2012) Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1. Wu AH, Stram DO (2016) Cancer Epidemiology Among Asian Americans. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1. Netzer A, Meisels A (2012) SOCIAL DCOP - Social Choice in Distributed Constraints Optimization. In: Brazier FMT, Nieuwenhuis K, Pavlin G, Warnier M, Badica C (eds) Intelligent Distributed Computing V: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2011, Delft, The Netherlands – October 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 35–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E (2015) Ancient Viruses Resurrected To Improve Gene Therapy. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ancient-viruses-resurrected-improve-gene-therapy/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office (1979) Proposed Closure of VOA Dixon Relay Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Klein J (2017) Mississippian Space and Place: A Geographical Study of Archaeological Site Data in the American Bottom. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Oestreich JR (2017) Still Pushing Boundaries, Relentlessly. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMagnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine
AbbreviationMAGMA
ISSN (print)0968-5243
ISSN (online)1352-8661
ScopeBiophysics
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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