How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens, B. (2015). “Addiction.” Nature, 522(7557), S45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ouellette, A. J., and Selsted, M. E. (2012). “Immunology. HD6 defensin nanonets.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6093), 420–421.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadalla, M. N., Abdel-Rahman, M., and Shamim, A. (2014). “Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification.” Scientific reports, 4, 4270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shin, Y.-H., Grinberg, I., Chen, I.-W., and Rappe, A. M. (2007). “Nucleation and growth mechanism of ferroelectric domain-wall motion.” Nature, 449(7164), 881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pinoli, J.-C. (2014). Mathematical Foundations of Image Processing and Analysis 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jones, E., Coelen, R., Beelen, J., and Wit, H. de (Eds.). (2016). Global and Local Internationalization. Transgressions: Cultural Studies and Education, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Villani, M., and Serra, R. (2014). “Attractors Perturbations in Biological Modelling: Avalanches and Cellular Differentiation.” Evolution, Complexity and Artificial Life, S. Cagnoni, M. Mirolli, and M. Villani, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). “The Most Important Dam You Probably Haven’t Heard Of.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Deferred Maintenance: Reporting Requirements and Identified Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norton, S. (2010). “The effects of leadership-efficacy and personality on reactions to stress.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). “A Watershed Moment of Cinematic Terror.” New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Owens 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ouellette and Selsted 2012; Owens 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ouellette and Selsted 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles