How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. 2003. “Life beyond synthesis.” Nature, 424 (6948): 594–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flint, J., and M. Munafò. 2014. “Schizophrenia: genesis of a complex disease.” Nature, 511 (7510): 412–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, M. D., P. J. Vickery, and T. A. Reinhold. 2003. “Reduced drag coefficient for high wind speeds in tropical cyclones.” Nature, 422 (6929): 279–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nagamatsu, J., N. Nakagawa, T. Muranaka, Y. Zenitani, and J. Akimitsu. 2001. “Superconductivity at 39 K in magnesium diboride.” Nature, 410 (6824): 63–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, C., and B. Fincham. 2011. Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maji, P. 2014. Scalable Pattern Recognition Algorithms: Applications in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics. (S. Paul, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Xuan, G., Y. Q. Shi, P. Chai, J. Teng, Z. Ni, and X. Tong. 2009. “Optimum Histogram Pair Based Image Lossless Data Embedding.” Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Y. Q. Shi, ed., 84–102. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. “Swirling Cool Jet Reveals A Growing Black Hole.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Educating Deaf Students at Federally Assisted Postsecondary Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bartaula, B. 2017. “Stand Level Growth and Survival Equations for Cutover Sites Loblolly Pine Plantations in the Mid-Gulf Region of Southern United States.” Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2005. “JUSTICES TAKE ON SPENDING LIMITS FOR CANDIDATES.” New York Times, September 28, 2005.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Flint and Munafò 2014; Russo 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flint and Munafò 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagamatsu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles