How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wojchowski, D. (2011). “Eugene Goldwasser (1922-2010).” Nature, 470(7332), 40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badcock, C., and Crespi, B. (2008). “Battle of the sexes may set the brain.” Nature, 454(7208), 1054–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes, N., Ginter, C., and Boudker, O. (2009). “Transport mechanism of a bacterial homologue of glutamate transporters.” Nature, 462(7275), 880–885.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kelly-Welch, A. E., Hanson, E. M., Boothby, M. R., and Keegan, A. D. (2003). “Interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 signaling connections maps.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1527–1528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, G., Wang, X., and Li, X. (2014). Fundamentals of Complex Networks. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Haile-Selassie, Y., and Su, D. F. (Eds.). (2016). The Postcranial Anatomy of Australopithecus afarensis: New Insights from KSD-VP-1/1. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Nickpour, F., and O’Sullivan, C. (2016). “Designing an Innovative Walking Aid Kit; A Case Study of Design in Inclusive Healthcare Products.” Designing Around People: CWUAAT 2016, P. Langdon, J. Lazar, A. Heylighen, and H. Dong, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). “Acupuncture Reduces Hypertension By Stimulating The Release Of Natural Opioids.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Compensatory Education: Difficulties in Measuring Comparability of Resources Within School Districts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren, W. (2013). “The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series.” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols, M. (2016). “Apples of Contention.” New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bell 2003; Solomon 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badcock and Crespi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishizuka et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles