How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dietl, G. P. 2016. “Ecology: Different worlds.” Nature, 529 (7584): 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, V. F. M., and R. T. Lee. 2008. “Stem-cell therapy for cardiac disease.” Nature, 451 (7181): 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisniewski, W., M. Patschger, and C. Rüssel. 2013. “Viscous fingering and dendritic growth of surface crystallized Sr2TiSi2O8 fresnoite.” Sci. Rep., 3: 3558.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Minniti, D., J. Borissova, M. Rejkuba, D. R. Alves, K. H. Cook, and K. C. Freeman. 2003. “Kinematic evidence for an old stellar halo in the Large Magellanic Cloud.” Science, 301 (5639): 1508–1510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S. M. 2010. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hood, C. 2008. Requirements Management: The Interface Between Requirements Development and All Other Systems Engineering Processes. (S. Wiedemann, S. Fichtinger, and U. Pautz, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexandrino, M. M., and R. G. Bettiol. 2015. “Polar Foliations.” Lie Groups and Geometric Aspects of Isometric Actions, R. G. Bettiol, ed., 109–137. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Dancing Baby Skates!” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress Implementing Requirements in the Aviation Security Act of 2016. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schluter, K. T. 2013. “Hearing words without structure: Subliminal speech priming and the organization of the Moroccan Arabic lexicon.” Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2000. “Sophie Koulomzin Dies at 96; Orthodox Christian Educator.” New York Times, October 4, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dietl 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Dietl 2016; Segers and Lee 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers and Lee 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Minniti et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles