How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon, M. (2013). “Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gilg, O., and Yoccoz, N. G. (2010). “Ecology. Explaining bird migration.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 276–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nieves, V., Willis, J. K., and Patzert, W. C. (2015). “GLOBAL WARMING. Recent hiatus caused by decadal shift in Indo-Pacific heating.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6247), 532–535.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hutko, A. R., Lay, T., Garnero, E. J., and Revenaugh, J. (2006). “Seismic detection of folded, subducted lithosphere at the core-mantle boundary.” Nature, 441(7091), 333–336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armaroli, N., Balzani, V., and Serpone, N. (2013). Powering Planet Earth. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Treinen, R. (Ed.). (2009). Rewriting Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, RTA 2009 Brasília, Brazil, June 29 - July 1, 2009 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Joseph, B. (2015). “The Bowed Tibia.” Paediatric Orthopaedic Diagnosis: Asking the Right Questions, J. Robb, R. T. Loder, and I. Torode, eds., Springer India, New Delhi, 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “‘Siberian Snow Theory’ Is Predicting A Freezing Winter For The US.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress, but Additional Efforts Are Needed to Improve Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conti, A. I. (2012). “Dirty hands, virtue ethics, and consequentialism.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). “Justices, Voting 5-4, Limit the Use of Race In Integration Plans.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gilg and Yoccoz 2010; Sharon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gilg and Yoccoz 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hutko et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

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