How to format your references using the Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matzke, N. J. (2016). “The evolution of antievolution policies after Kitzmiller versus Dover.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 351(6268), 28–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sallan, L., and Galimberti, A. K. (2015). “Body-size reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian mass extinction.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6262), 812–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morse, S. S., Garwin, R. L., and Olsiewski, P. J. (2006). “Public health. Next flu pandemic: what to do until the vaccine arrives?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5801), 929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peer, D., Park, E. J., Morishita, Y., Carman, C. V., and Shimaoka, M. (2008). “Systemic leukocyte-directed siRNA delivery revealing cyclin D1 as an anti-inflammatory target.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5863), 627–630.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy, T. (2012). Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zada, G., Lopes, M. B. S., Mukundan, S., Jr., and Laws, E. R., Jr. (Eds.). (2016). Atlas of Sellar and Parasellar Lesions: Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathologic Correlations. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Walker, A. (2016). “Good Intentions vs. Intentional Advocacy.” Un-Democratic Acts: New Departures for Dialogues in Society and Schools, C. Lowery, A. Walker, and C. Thomas, eds., SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 43–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2014). “50 Science Misconceptions.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). S. 1490, a Bill To Authorize the Administrator of General Services To Enter Into Multiyear Leases Through Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund Without Obligating the Total Anticipated Payments To Be Made Under Such Leases. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fails, J. A. (2009). “Mobile collaboration for young children: Reading and creating stories.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). “Chatting With Bowie.” New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matzke 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Matzke 2016; Sallan and Galimberti 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sallan and Galimberti 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Peer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice
AbbreviationJ. Prof. Issues Eng. Educ. Pract.
ISSN (print)1052-3928
ISSN (online)1943-5541
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering

Other styles