How to format your references using the Plant Growth Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Growth Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel D (2002) Colloidal systems. Playing tricks with designer “atoms.” Science 296:65–66
A journal article with 2 authors
Becks L, Agrawal AF (2010) Higher rates of sex evolve in spatially heterogeneous environments. Nature 468:89–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Panda S, Hogenesch JB, Kay SA (2002) Circadian rhythms from flies to human. Nature 417:329–335
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ledwell JR, Montgomery ET, Polzin KL, et al (2000) Evidence for enhanced mixing over rough topography in the abyssal ocean. Nature 403:179–182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson D (2012) Visual Guide to Financial Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Koumenis C, Hammond E, Giaccia A (eds) (2014) Tumor Microenvironment and Cellular Stress: Signaling, Metabolism, Imaging, and Therapeutic Targets. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Ekoff M, Nilsson G (2011) Mast Cell Apoptosis and Survival. In: Gilfillan AM, Metcalfe DD (eds) Mast Cell Biology: Contemporary and Emerging Topics. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 47–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Growth Regulation.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Scientists Find Traces Of Ancient Star From The Beginning Of The Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Data Mining: Federal Efforts Cover a Wide Range of Uses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hogue ML (2012) A Case Study of Perspectives on Building School and Community Partnerships. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Dreading the Thin Envelope. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenkel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Frenkel 2002; Becks and Agrawal 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becks and Agrawal 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ledwell et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Growth Regulation
AbbreviationPlant Growth Regul.
ISSN (print)0167-6903
ISSN (online)1573-5087
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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