How to format your references using the Plant Growth Regulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Growth Regulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bader J (2014) Climate science: The origin of regional Arctic warming. Nature 509:167–168
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren SJ, Marder E (2013) Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science 340:436–437
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Helmstaedter M, Denk W (2011) Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature 471:183–188
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu R, Chen Q, Dong B, Yu F (2014) Effects of vegetative propagule pressure on the establishment of an introduced clonal plant, Hydrocotyle vulgaris. Sci Rep 4:5507

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1998) Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bundi U (ed) (2010) Alpine Waters. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aubrecht C, Köstl M, Steinnocher K (2011) Population Exposure and Impact Assessment: Benefits of Modeling Urban Land Use in Very High Spatial and Thematic Detail. In: Tavares JMRS, Jorge RMN (eds) Computational Vision and Medical Image Processing: Recent Trends. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Growth Regulation.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Incredible Ice Ring Spotted In Young Planetary System. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Mass Transit: FTA’s Projections Could Better Reflect State and Local Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams TA (2012) Improving Scores on Computerized Reading Assessments: The Effects of Colored Overlay Use. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Cooper M (2012) Recommendations for State and National Policy Makers. New York Times A3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bader 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Birren and Marder 2013; Bader 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birren and Marder 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Growth Regulation
AbbreviationPlant Growth Regul.
ISSN (print)0167-6903
ISSN (online)1573-5087
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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