How to format your references using the Child Neuropsychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child Neuropsychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hell, S. W. (2007). Far-field optical nanoscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1153–1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mann, C. C., & Plummer, M. L. (2000). ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5480), 718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky, M., Higgins, M. J., & Bhattacharya, S. (2001). Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature, 409(6820), 591–594.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Freeman, C., Fenner, N., Ostle, N. J., Kang, H., Dowrick, D. J., Reynolds, B., Lock, M. A., Sleep, D., Hughes, S., & Hudson, J. (2004). Export of dissolved organic carbon from peatlands under elevated carbon dioxide levels. Nature, 430(6996), 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robbins, N. B. (2004). Creating More Effective Graphs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cabestany, J., Sandoval, F., Prieto, A., & Corchado, J. M. (Eds.). (2009). Bio-Inspired Systems: Computational and Ambient Intelligence: 10th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2009, Salamanca, Spain, June 10-12, 2009. Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 5517). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hippe, A., Homey, B., & Mueller-Homey, A. (2010). Chemokines. In R. Liersch, W. E. Berdel, & T. Kessler (Eds.), Angiogenesis Inhibition (pp. 35–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child Neuropsychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 8). Neil deGrasse Explains How Batman Could Defeat Superman. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Electronic Government: Challenges Must Be Addressed With Effective Leadership and Management (GAO-01-959T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes, M. A. (2017). Cognitive science approaches to actor training: Interrogating conceptual language [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goff, P. A., & Buchanan, K. S. (2017, June 21). The Wrong Role for The Police. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hell, 2007; Mann & Plummer, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mann & Plummer, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Marchevsky et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Freeman et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild Neuropsychology
AbbreviationChild Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)0929-7049
ISSN (online)1744-4136
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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