How to format your references using the Applied and Environmental Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied and Environmental Microbiology (AEM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Keller EF. 2007. A clash of two cultures. Nature 445:603.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sonderegger P, Patthy L. 2007. Comment on “Tequila, a neurotrypsin ortholog, regulates long-term memory formation in Drosophila.” Science 316:1698; author reply 1698.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhai M, Zhao G, Zhang Q. 2002. Is the Dongwanzi complex an Archean ophiolite? Science 295:923.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Chen Z, Odstrcil EA, Tu BP, McKnight SL. 2007. Restriction of DNA replication to the reductive phase of the metabolic cycle protects genome integrity. Science 316:1916–1919.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cheremisinoff NP. 2013. Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1.
2014. Advanced Computational Approaches to Biomedical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hemmeter U-M. 2013. Treatment of Burnout: Overlap of Diagnosis, p. 73–87. In Bährer-Kohler, S (ed.), Burnout for Experts: Prevention in the Context of Living and Working. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 2013. Do Try This At Home. IFLScience. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Reagan National Airport: Update on Capacity to Handle Additional Flights and Impact on Other Area Airports. GAO-07-352. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Diddi V. 2017. Digitally Controlled Microwave Power Amplifier Design Techniques for Wireless Communications. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. 2009. Justice Unbound. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied and Environmental Microbiology
AbbreviationAppl. Environ. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0099-2240
ISSN (online)1098-5336
ScopeFood Science
Biotechnology
Ecology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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