How to format your references using the Plant Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Price SL (2014) Chemistry. Lattice energy, nailed? Science 345:619–620
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner EF, Petruzzelli M (2015) Cancer metabolism: A waste of insulin interference. Nature 521:430–431
A journal article with 3 authors
Post DM, Pace ML, Hairston NG Jr (2000) Ecosystem size determines food-chain length in lakes. Nature 405:1047–1049
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hulme M, Mahony M, Beck S, Görg C, Hansjürgens B, Hauck J, Nesshöver C, Paulsch A, Vandewalle M, Wittmer H, Böschen S, Bridgewater P, Diaw MC, Fabre P, Figueroa A, Heong KL, Korn H, Leemans R, Lövbrand E, Hamid MN, Monfreda C, Pielke R Jr, Settele J, Winter M, Vadrot ABM, van den Hove S, van der Sluijs JP (2011) Science-policy interface: beyond assessments. Science 333:697–698

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojowald M (2012) The Universe: A View from Classical and Quantum Gravity. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Empfield JR, P Clark M (eds) (2014) Reducing Drug Attrition. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pozio E, Gomez-Morales MA (2014) Clonorchiasis and Opisthorchiasis. In: Bruschi F (ed) Helminth Infections and their Impact on Global Public Health. Springer, Vienna, pp 123–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dark Grape Compound May Help The Body Burn Fat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Procedures To Safeguard Social Security Beneficiary Records Can and Should Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt ES (2013) Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF (2006) Long Island Weekend: A 48-Hour Treadmill of Activity -- Sunday. New York Times 14LI13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Price 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Price 2014; Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hulme et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Ecology
AbbreviationPlant Ecol.
ISSN (print)1385-0237
ISSN (online)1573-5052
ScopePlant Science
Ecology

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