How to format your references using the Journal of Accounting and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Accounting and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffman, S., 2004. Save the children. Nature 430, 940–941.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradford, L., O’Tierney, P., 2001. Three-person rule was not set by Nobel himself. Nature 411, 413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coussens, L.M., Zitvogel, L., Palucka, A.K., 2013. Neutralizing tumor-promoting chronic inflammation: a magic bullet? Science 339, 286–291.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dang, W., Steffen, K.K., Perry, R., Dorsey, J.A., Johnson, F.B., Shilatifard, A., Kaeberlein, M., Kennedy, B.K., Berger, S.L., 2009. Histone H4 lysine 16 acetylation regulates cellular lifespan. Nature 459, 802–807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L., Keller, T., 2006. OFDM and MC-CDMA. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Moulaert, T., Garon, S. (Eds.), 2016. Age-Friendly Cities and Communities in International Comparison: Political Lessons, Scientific Avenues, and Democratic Issues, International Perspectives on Aging. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Carrer, A., Giacca, Massimo, Giacca, Mauro, 2013. Molecular Parameters for Prognostic and Predictive Assessment in Colorectal Cancer, in: Manzini, N. de (Ed.), Rectal Cancer: Strategy and Surgical Techniques, Updates in Surgery. Springer, Milano, pp. 41–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Accounting and Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Your Brain Connections Are As Unique As Your Fingerprint [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Nonfederal Student Loans (No. HRD-93-1R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eller, L.S., 2012. Social media as avenue for personal learning for educators: Personal learning networks encourage application of knowledge and skills (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2009. Even the Reliable Must Face the Inevitable. New York Times SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoffman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bradford and O’Tierney, 2001; Hoffman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradford and O’Tierney, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Accounting and Economics
AbbreviationJ. Account. Econ.
ISSN (print)0165-4101
Economics and Econometrics

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