How to format your references using the Ibsen Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibsen Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander, Gerard H. 2003. “Physics. Sensing Electrons on the Edge.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5636): 1057–1059.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bodner, S., and C. Paine. 2000. “When Peer Review Fails.” Nature 407 (6801): 129–130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Millonig, J. H., K. J. Millen, and M. E. Hatten. 2000. “The Mouse Dreher Gene Lmx1a Controls Formation of the Roof Plate in the Vertebrate CNS.” Nature 403 (6771): 764–769.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stone, John O., Gregory A. Balco, David E. Sugden, Marc W. Caffee, Louis C. Sass 3rd, Seth G. Cowdery, and Christine Siddoway. 2003. “Holocene Deglaciation of Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5603): 99–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steele, David. 2011. From Therapist to Coach. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martinez-de Dios, Jose Ramiro. 2014. A Remote Integrated Testbed for Cooperating Objects. Edited by Adrian Jimenez-Gonzalez, Alberto de San Bernabe, and Anibal Ollero. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bretl, Timothy, and Zoe McCarthy. 2013. “Equilibrium Configurations of a Kirchhoff Elastic Rod under Quasi-Static Manipulation.” In Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics X: Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics, edited by Emilio Frazzoli, Tomas Lozano-Perez, Nicholas Roy, and Daniela Rus, 71–87. Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibsen Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2015. “Radio Telescope Shows Halos Are Common Around Spiral Galaxies.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Claims of Civilian Employees Who Were Overpaid per Diem While Attending Training Schools. B-190014. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, Natasha A. 2017. “Mobile Apps for Cognitive Restructuring: A Review and Comparative Analysis.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2011. “Macarons of Her Own.” New York Times, April 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lander 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lander 2003; Bodner and Paine 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bodner and Paine 2000)
  • Three authors: (Millonig, Millen, and Hatten 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stone et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbsen Studies
ISSN (print)1502-1866
ISSN (online)1741-8720
Literature and Literary Theory

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