How to format your references using the Ibsen Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibsen Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wigzell, Hans. 2007. “Science & Politics: When Ministers Are Well Primed.” Nature 449 (7163): 663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petro, Elizabeth J., and Daniel M. Raben. 2013. “Bacterial Expression Strategies for Several Sus Scrofa Diacylglycerol Kinase Alpha Constructs: Solubility Challenges.” Scientific Reports 3: 1609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laepple, Thomas, Martin Werner, and Gerrit Lohmann. 2011. “Synchronicity of Antarctic Temperatures and Local Solar Insolation on Orbital Timescales.” Nature 471 (7336): 91–94.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yasue, Akihiro, Silvia Naomi Mitsui, Takahito Watanabe, Tetsushi Sakuma, Seiichi Oyadomari, Takashi Yamamoto, Sumihare Noji, Taro Mito, and Eiji Tanaka. 2014. “Highly Efficient Targeted Mutagenesis in One-Cell Mouse Embryos Mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas Systems.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy, Olivier. 2005. Poromechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Powell, Steven, and J. P. Shim, eds. 2009. Wireless Technology: Applications, Management, and Security. Vol. 44. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
George, Siby K. 2010. “The Cosmopolitan Self and the Fetishism of Identity.” In Questioning Cosmopolitanism, edited by Stan van Hooft and Wim Vandekerckhove, 63–82. Studies in Global Justice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibsen Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Improved Anti-HIV Antibodies Created Through Genetic Engineering.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. A List of Selected GAO Publications Containing Checklists or Guidance on Computer Software Topics. 125250. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, Theresa Marie. 2008. “A Quasi-Experimental Study of the Relationship between School Structure and Student Outcomes.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2016. “A Hockey Luminary Glowed With Modesty.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wigzell 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Wigzell 2007; Petro and Raben 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Petro and Raben 2013)
  • Three authors: (Laepple, Werner, and Lohmann 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yasue et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbsen Studies
ISSN (print)1502-1866
ISSN (online)1741-8720
Literature and Literary Theory

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