How to format your references using the Ibsen Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibsen Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kessler, Felix. 2012. “Plant Science. Chloroplast Delivery by UPS.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6107): 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Papavasiliou, F. N., and D. G. Schatz. 2000. “Cell-Cycle-Regulated DNA Double-Stranded Breaks in Somatic Hypermutation of Immunoglobulin Genes.” Nature 408 (6809): 216–221.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hedde, Per Niklas, Milka Stakic, and Enrico Gratton. 2014. “Rapid Measurement of Molecular Transport and Interaction inside Living Cells Using Single Plane Illumination.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7048.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Quiroga, R. Quian, L. Reddy, G. Kreiman, C. Koch, and I. Fried. 2005. “Invariant Visual Representation by Single Neurons in the Human Brain.” Nature 435 (7045): 1102–1107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, Ammar. 2012. Fracture Mechanics 1. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Borchardt, Dietrich, Janos J. Bogardi, and Ralf B. Ibisch, eds. 2016. Integrated Water Resources Management: Concept, Research and Implementation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Orr, Harry T. 2006. “Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1.” In Transgenic and Knockout Models of Neuropsychiatric Disorders, edited by Gene S. Fisch and Jonathan Flint, 87–99. Contemporary Clinical Neuroscience. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibsen Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Anxious Conservative Or Easygoing Rebel? Busting The Birth-Order Myths.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Johnstown Area Flood of 1977: A Case Study for the Future. CED-78-114. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, Travis John. 2009. “Efficient Construction of Accurate Multiple Alignments and Large-Scale Phylogenies.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, Michael. 2017. “In Rare Move, Google Imposes New Limits on Addiction Treatment Ads.” New York Times, September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kessler 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kessler 2012; Papavasiliou and Schatz 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Papavasiliou and Schatz 2000)
  • Three authors: (Hedde, Stakic, and Gratton 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Quiroga et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbsen Studies
ISSN (print)1502-1866
ISSN (online)1741-8720
Literature and Literary Theory

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