How to format your references using the Ibsen Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ibsen Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, William D. 2002. “Synthetic Chemistry. The Key to Successful Organic Synthesis Is.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5553): 289–290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teague, Brian P., and Ron Weiss. 2015. “SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY. Synthetic Communities, the Sum of Parts.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6251): 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drinnenberg, Ines A., Gerald R. Fink, and David P. Bartel. 2011. “Compatibility with Killer Explains the Rise of RNAi-Deficient Fungi.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6049): 1592.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xie, Fei, Jianping Li, Wenshou Tian, Yanjie Li, and Juan Feng. 2014. “Indo-Pacific Warm Pool Area Expansion, Modoki Activity, and Tropical Cold-Point Tropopause Temperature Variations.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains, Gurnek. 2015. Cultural DNA. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mächtle, Walter. 2006. Analytical Ultracentrifugation of Polymers and Nanoparticles. Edited by Lars Börger. Springer Laboratory. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stranieri, Andrew, and John Zeleznikow. 2005. “Data Mining with Rule Induction.” In Knowledge Discovery from Legal Databases, edited by John Zeleznikow, 83–98. Law and Philosophy Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ibsen Studies.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “A Tree Species Thought To Be Extinct Has Been Found In The Queen’s Garden.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. A Judgmental Call: Measuring the Safety of the Airlines. 135528. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clovis, David John. 2010. “The Thayer Valve and Its Effect on a Generation and Beyond.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, Linda. 2008. “NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST.” New York Times, December 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jones 2002; Teague and Weiss 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teague and Weiss 2015)
  • Three authors: (Drinnenberg, Fink, and Bartel 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIbsen Studies
ISSN (print)1502-1866
ISSN (online)1741-8720
Literature and Literary Theory

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