How to format your references using the Plant Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kawamura, Y., 2014. Phase synchronization between collective rhythms of fully locked oscillator groups. Sci. Rep. 4, 4832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuffey, K.M., Marshall, S.J., 2000. Substantial contribution to sea-level rise during the last interglacial from the Greenland ice sheet. Nature 404, 591–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iyengar, V.K., Reeve, H.K., Eisner, T., 2002. Paternal inheritance of a female moth’s mating preference. Nature 419, 830–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meier, F., Zhou, L., Wiebe, J., Wiesendanger, R., 2008. Revealing magnetic interactions from single-atom magnetization curves. Science 320, 82–86.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, H.L., 2005. Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Medjahed, B., 2011. Service Composition for the Semantic Web. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wallinger, C.F., Brandner, M., 2013. Time-of-Flight Estimation Using Synchronized Chaotic Systems, in: Kyamakya, K., Halang, W.A., Mathis, W., Chedjou, J.C., Li, Z. (Eds.), Selected Topics in Nonlinear Dynamics and Theoretical Electrical Engineering, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Diversity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. A Teenager May Help NASA Decide Where To Land Its Next Mars Rover [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Doctoral Programs in Public Administration: Some Basic Data and a Few Comments (No. 114947). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ibarra, A.L., 2017. Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. First, There Was Parrying With Mother. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kawamura, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cuffey and Marshall, 2000; Kawamura, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuffey and Marshall, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Diversity
AbbreviationPlant Divers.
ISSN (print)2468-2659

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