How to format your references using the Plant Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene, M.T., 2000. High achiever. Nature 407, 947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meguro, A., Sato, Y., 2014. Salicylic acid antagonizes abscisic acid inhibition of shoot growth and cell cycle progression in rice. Sci. Rep. 4, 4555.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greene, C.H., Monger, B.C., McGarry, L.P., 2009. Ecology. Some like it cold. Science 324, 733–734.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kubota, K., Yokoyama, Y., Ishikawa, T., Obrochta, S., Suzuki, A., 2014. Larger CO₂ source at the equatorial Pacific during the last deglaciation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nova, R., 2013. Soil Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Corchado Rodriguez, J.M., Mitra, S., Thampi, S.M., El-Alfy, E.-S. (Eds.), 2016. Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications 2016, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Navarro-Prieto, R., Gil Rodríguez, E.P., 2006. Empirical User Studies in the Design of Mobile Distributed Collaborative Applications, in: Navarro-Prieto, R., Vidal, J.L. (Eds.), HCI Related Papers of Interacción 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Diversity.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Reveal What The Perfect Penis Looks Like [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Funding Fluctuations and Revenue Trends (No. GAO-02-527T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spisak, G.M., 2012. Particulation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2016. Trump, the Tax Code and a Loophole for the Rich. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greene, 2000; Meguro and Sato, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meguro and Sato, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kubota et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Diversity
AbbreviationPlant Divers.
ISSN (print)2468-2659

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