How to format your references using the Plant Diversity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Diversity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2015. The future of science will soon be upon us. Nature 524, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mulargia, F., Bizzarri, A., 2014. Anthropogenic triggering of large earthquakes. Sci. Rep. 4, 6100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deuss, A., Irving, J.C.E., Woodhouse, J.H., 2010. Regional variation of inner core anisotropy from seismic normal mode observations. Science 328, 1018–1020.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, R.D., Mitchell, M., Sgouros, J., Lindahl, T., 2001. Human DNA repair genes. Science 291, 1284–1289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harte, L., 2013. Reading the Contemporary Irish Novel 1987-2007. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Séguy, I., 2013. Handbook of Palaeodemography, INED Population Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Grüne, L., Allgöwer, F., Findeisen, R., Fischer, J., Groß, D., Hanebeck, U.D., Kern, B., Müller, M.A., Pannek, J., Reble, M., Stursberg, O., Varutti, P., Worthmann, K., 2014. Distributed and Networked Model Predictive Control, in: Lunze, J. (Ed.), Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp. 111–167.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Diversity.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. What’s The Story Behind These Weird Rock Spheres Found In Siberia? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. An Approach to the Audit of Research and Development Activities (No. 091023). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwin, R.H., 2013. Case study of the voluntary student transfer program: The perspectives of African American students and parent participants in one midwestern school district (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kang, C., 2017. What’s at Stake in the Discussions Between Comcast, Charter and Sprint. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2015; Mulargia and Bizzarri, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mulargia and Bizzarri, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Diversity
AbbreviationPlant Divers.
ISSN (print)2468-2659

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