How to format your references using the Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rishbeth, H. (2002). High above the Earth. Nature, 418(6893), 23.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay, A., & Gray, J. (2001). The world-wide telescope. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2037–2040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry, J. B., Luo, Y., & Zhao, R. (2015). Transforming the optical landscape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6234), 521–524.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Q., Li, G., Rhodes, D., Kiswandhi, A., Besara, T., Zeng, B., … Balicas, L. (2013). CORRIGENDUM: Superconductivity with extremely large upper critical fields in Nb2Pd0.81S5. Scientific Reports, 3, 1682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Menn, M. (2012). Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Byeon, O.-H., Kwon, J. H., Dunning, T., Cho, K. W., & Savoy-Navarro, A. (Eds.). (2010). Future Application and Middleware Technology on e-Science. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshida, Y. (2008). Aggregated Mean Ratios of an Interval Induced from Aggregation Operations. In V. Torra & Y. Narukawa (Eds.), Modeling Decisions for Artificial Intelligence: 5th International Conference, MDAI 2008 Sabadell, Spain, October 30-31, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 26–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, September 15). Cell-Like Structure Found in Martian Meteorite. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan (No. AFMD-93-65R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman, D. E. (2017). Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, April 11). Across the Spectrum, Conspiracy Talk Is Rife. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rishbeth, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rishbeth, 2002; Szalay & Gray, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay & Gray, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Pendry, Luo, & Zhao, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre
ISSN (print)2212-6198
ScopeFood Science
Organic Chemistry

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