How to format your references using the Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stehr, N. (2015). Climate policy: Democracy is not an inconvenience. Nature, 525(7570), 449–450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grasset, E. K., & Cerutti, A. (2014). Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zehn, D., Lee, S. Y., & Bevan, M. J. (2009). Complete but curtailed T-cell response to very low-affinity antigen. Nature, 458(7235), 211–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, L., Fan, J., Chen, H., Meng, Z., Chen, Z., Wang, P., & Liu, L. (2014). The IL-8/CXCR1 axis is associated with cancer stem cell-like properties and correlates with clinical prognosis in human pancreatic cancer cases. Scientific Reports, 4, 5911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salam, A. (2009). Molecular Quantum Electrodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kachapi, S. H. H. (2014). Dynamics and Vibrations: Progress in Nonlinear Analysis (D. D. Ganji, Ed.; Vol. 202). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Augl, M. (2012). Building a Conceptual Roadmap for Systemic Change – A Novel Approach to Change Management in Expert Organizations in Health Care. In C. Stary (Ed.), S-BPM ONE – Scientific Research: 4th International Conference, S-BPM ONE 2012, Vienna, Austria, April 4-5, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 43–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 27). Watch a Clam “Lick” Salt Off a Table. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Intercollegiate Athletics: Four-Year Colleges’ Experiences Adding and Discontinuing Teams (GAO-01-297). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendse, E. M. (2014). A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S. (2016, August 12). After 11 Years, The Huffington Post Will No Longer Be Run by Huffington. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stehr, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Grasset & Cerutti, 2014; Stehr, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grasset & Cerutti, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zehn et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre
ISSN (print)2212-6198
ScopeFood Science
Organic Chemistry

Other styles