How to format your references using the Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, C. (2005). Flight of fancy. Nature, 434(7035), 827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balskus, E. P., & Jacobsen, E. N. (2007). Asymmetric catalysis of the transannular Diels-Alder reaction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1736–1740.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bichot, N. P., Rossi, A. F., & Desimone, R. (2005). Parallel and serial neural mechanisms for visual search in macaque area V4. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 529–534.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Serreli, V., Lee, C.-F., Kay, E. R., & Leigh, D. A. (2007). A molecular information ratchet. Nature, 445(7127), 523–527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré, J.-C. (2016). Aerospace Actuators 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kragler, F., & Hülskamp, M. (Eds.). (2012). Short and Long Distance Signaling (Vol. 3). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kocsis, L., Szepesvári, C., & Winands, M. H. M. (2006). RSPSA: Enhanced Parameter Optimization in Games. In H. J. van D. Herik, S.-C. Hsu, T.-S. Hsu, & H. H. L. M. (jeroen) Donkers (Eds.), Advances in Computer Games: 11th International Conference, ACG 2005, Taipei, Taiwan, September 6-9, 2005. Revised Papers (pp. 39–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, February 9). Yes There’s Hope, But Treating Spinal Injuries With Stem Cells Is Not A Reality Yet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). High Risk Series: Student Financial Aid (HR-95-10). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldberg, A. L. (2017). The Seriously Ill Patient’s Broken Care Continuum: One Community’s Action Response [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, August 8). Before Taking Shows to Audiences, Networks Try to Win Over Critics. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Balskus & Jacobsen, 2007; Robinson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Balskus & Jacobsen, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Bichot et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Serreli et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre
ISSN (print)2212-6198
ScopeFood Science
Organic Chemistry

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