How to format your references using the Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabeharisoa, V. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. Socializing genetic diseases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1026–1027.
A journal article with 2 authors
Germain, R. N., & Paul, W. E. (2011). Baruj Benacerraf (1920-2011). Nature, 477(7362), 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwak, G., Ko, J., & Ju, H. (2014). Effects of porous properties on cold-start behavior of polymer electrolyte fuel cells from sub-zero to normal operating temperatures. Scientific Reports, 4, 5770.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Naumova, E. A., Sandulescu, T., Bochnig, C., Al Khatib, P., Lee, W.-K., Zimmer, S., & Arnold, W. H. (2014). Dynamic changes in saliva after acute mental stress. Scientific Reports, 4, 4884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, C. L. (2009). Basic Process Measurements. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berthod, A. (Ed.). (2010). Chiral Recognition in Separation Methods: Mechanisms and Applications. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Coventry, B. J., & Morgan, R. G. (2014). Hand Surgery. In B. J. Coventry (Ed.), Peripheral, Head and Neck Surgery (pp. 29–47). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, October 5). China Wants To Build A Space Plane That Can Carry 20 People To Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Longer Combination Trucks: Driver Controls and Equipment Inspection Should Be Improved (RCED-94-21). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Espinoza, E. (2015). Understanding help-seeking behavior among at-risk Latino male high school students [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ABBY GOODNOUGH; Linda Brockman contributed reporting from Fort Lauderdale for this article. (2005, December 31). Wanting Facts Firsthand, Teenager Makes Secret Trip to Iraq. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabeharisoa, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Germain & Paul, 2011; Rabeharisoa, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Germain & Paul, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Gwak et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Naumova et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre
ISSN (print)2212-6198
ScopeFood Science
Organic Chemistry

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