How to format your references using the Medical Microbiology and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Microbiology and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McGee H (2013) Chemistry: A festive ferment. Nature 504:372–374
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Peebles PJE, Nusser A (2010) Nearby galaxies as pointers to a better theory of cosmic evolution. Nature 465:565–569
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Unniraman S, Fugmann SD, Schatz DG (2004) Immunology. UNGstoppable switching. Science 305:1113–1114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chew SK, Chen P, Link N, et al (2009) Genome-wide silencing in Drosophila captures conserved apoptotic effectors. Nature 460:123–127

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Neward T, Erickson AC, Crowell T, Minerich R (2010) Professional F# 2.0. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
1.
Pawankar R, Holgate ST, Rosenwasser LJ (2010) Allergy Frontiers: Future Perspectives. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fan R (2011) Jiang Qing on Equality. In: Fan R (ed) The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Microbiology and Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) Forget About The Olympics, It’s The Paralympics Where The True Super-Humans Perform. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/forget-about-the-olympics-its-the-paralympics-where-the-true-superhumans-perform/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) The Impact of Federal Commodity Donations on the School Lunch Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Stoecker K (2013) Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Van Gelder SKC by L (2005) Arts, Briefly; “Vagina Monologues” in Moscow. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Microbiology and Immunology
AbbreviationMed. Microbiol. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0300-8584
ISSN (online)1432-1831
ScopeImmunology
General Medicine
Immunology and Allergy
Microbiology (medical)

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