How to format your references using the Plant Biotechnology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Biotechnology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Perkins K (2014) For the love of ferns. Science 346:1586
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergmann O, Frisén J (2013) Neuroscience. Why adults need new brain cells. Science 340:695–696
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiorillo CD, Tobler PN, Schultz W (2003) Discrete coding of reward probability and uncertainty by dopamine neurons. Science 299:1898–1902
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chandra V, Huang P, Hamuro Y, et al (2008) Structure of the intact PPAR-gamma-RXR- nuclear receptor complex on DNA. Nature 456:350–356

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandler C (2010) The Science of ADHD. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Charbonneau P (2013) Solar and Stellar Dynamos: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 39 Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Longaretti P-Y (2008) Pressure-Driven Instabilities in Astrophysical Jets. In: Massaglia S, Bodo G, Mignone A, Rossi P (eds) Jets From Young Stars III: Numerical MHD and Instabilities. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 131–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Biotechnology Reports.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Three new vertebrate species, isolated for millions of years, have been discovered on Australia’s Cape York Peninsula. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer-Kinlaw D (2012) Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) A No. 1 for Lady Gaga. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Perkins 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bergmann and Frisén 2013; Perkins 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergmann and Frisén 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chandra et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Biotechnology Reports
AbbreviationPlant Biotechnol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1863-5466
ISSN (online)1863-5474
ScopePlant Science

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