How to format your references using the Plant Biotechnology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Plant Biotechnology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silver LM (2001) What are clones? Nature 412:21
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleizen B, Braakman I (2013) Cell biology. A sweet send-off. Science 340:930–931
A journal article with 3 authors
de la Mare W, Gales N, Mangel M (2014) Science and Law. Applying scientific principles in international law on whaling. Science 345:1125–1126
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Robins JH, Ross HA, Allen MS, Matisoo-Smith E (2006) Taxonomy: Sus bucculentus revisited. Nature 440:E7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kang CW, Kvam PH (2011) Basic Statistical Tools for Improving Quality. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Acuña ST (2005) A Software Process Model Handbook for Incorporating People’s Capabilities. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Trede F, Flowers R (2014) Patient-Centred Context of Health Practice Relationships. In: Higgs J, Croker A, Tasker D, et al. (eds) Health Practice Relationships. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Plant Biotechnology Reports.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Japanese Scientists Invent “Unbreakable” Glass. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Assessment of the Impact Aid Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katavic I (2014) Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2010) For Giddyup, Give a Horse a Holiday. New York Times WK2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silver 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Silver 2001; Kleizen and Braakman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleizen and Braakman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Robins et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePlant Biotechnology Reports
AbbreviationPlant Biotechnol. Rep.
ISSN (print)1863-5466
ISSN (online)1863-5474
ScopePlant Science

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