How to format your references using the Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Duldig M. Astronomy. Cosmic rays track the rotation of the Milky Way. Science 2006;314:429–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Moussion C, Girard J-P. Dendritic cells control lymphocyte entry to lymph nodes through high endothelial venules. Nature 2011;479:542–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mempel TR, Henrickson SE, Von Andrian UH. T-cell priming by dendritic cells in lymph nodes occurs in three distinct phases. Nature 2004;427:154–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Xia G, Tan Y, Li D, Guo Z, Liu H, Liu Z, et al. Hierarchical porous Li₂Mg(NH)₂@C nanowires with long cycle life towards stable hydrogen storage. Sci Rep 2014;4:6599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chan NH, Wong HY. Simulation Techniques in Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Hofmann-Wellenhof B. Physical Geodesy. Second, corrected edition. Vienna: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kalašová A, Mikulski J, Kubíková S. The Impact of Intelligent Transport Systems on an Accident Rate of the Chosen Part of Road Communication Network in the Slovak Republic. In: Mikulski J, editor. Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Australian Indigenous DNA Sheds Light On Journey Out of Africa. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/australian-indigenous-dna-sheds-light-on-journey-out-of-africa/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Readiness Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Adams AW. Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. High Court Puts Limits On Patents. New York Times 2007:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationBiocybern. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)0208-5216
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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