How to format your references using the Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Spence JCH. Materials science. Oxygen in crystals--seeing is believing. Science 2003;299:839–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
West SA, Peters AD. Paying for sex is not easy. Nature 2000;407:962.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Scholz H, Franz M, Heberlein U. The hangover gene defines a stress pathway required for ethanol tolerance development. Nature 2005;436:845–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Searle IR, Men AE, Laniya TS, Buzas DM, Iturbe-Ormaetxe I, Carroll BJ, et al. Long-distance signaling in nodulation directed by a CLAVATA1-like receptor kinase. Science 2003;299:109–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Studer Q. Results that Last. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
[1]
Bagnard D, editor. Axon Growth and Guidance. vol. 621. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Fiorini S. Change in Natural Resource Management: An Experiment with “Participatory GIS.” In: Brondízio ES, Moran EF, editors. Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013, p. 97–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. German WW1 Sub “Sunk By Sea Monster” Found In Sonar Images. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/german-ww1-sub-sunk-by-sea-monster-found-in-sonar-images/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. High-Containment Laboratories: Improved Oversight of Dangerous Pathogens Needed to Mitigate Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bobadilla J. Helping at-risk youth through a preventative program. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. A Tangle of Rulings for Pension Cuts. New York Times 2015:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering
AbbreviationBiocybern. Biomed. Eng.
ISSN (print)0208-5216
ScopeBiomedical Engineering

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