How to format your references using the Planning Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planning Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, Alan E. “Planetary Science. Fragments of the Lunar Cataclysm.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336, no. 6087 (June 15, 2012): 1390–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morehouse, Nathan I., and Ronald L. Rutowski. “Comment on ‘Floral Iridescence, Produced by Diffractive Optics, Acts as a Cue for Animal Pollinators.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325, no. 5944 (August 28, 2009): 1072; author reply 1072.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perner, Josef, M. Christine Mauer, and Monika Hildenbrand. “Identity: Key to Children’s Understanding of Belief.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333, no. 6041 (July 22, 2011): 474–77.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Peng, Liang Tao, Tianyu Wang, Jie Zhang, Aina He, Kwok-Ho Lam, Zheng Liu, et al. “Structural Basis for Recognition of Frizzled Proteins by Clostridium Difficile Toxin B.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360, no. 6389 (May 11, 2018): 664–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek, William, and Tylor Wentworth. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Bower, James M., ed. 20 Years of Computational Neuroscience. Vol. 9. Springer Series in Computational Neuroscience. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergevin, Robert, and Vincent Bergeron. “Enhancing Boundary Primitives Using a Multiscale Quadtree Segmentation.” In Advances in Visual Computing: 4th International Symposium, ISVC 2008, Las Vegas, NV, USA, December 1-3, 2008. Proceedings, Part I, edited by George Bebis, Richard Boyle, Bahram Parvin, Darko Koracin, Paolo Remagnino, Fatih Porikli, Jörg Peters, et al., 45–54. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planning Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “New Species Suggests Mammals Appeared Much Earlier Than Previously Believed.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 11, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Domestic Aviation: Changes in Airfares, Service, and Safety Since Airline Deregulation.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 25, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, Ronald E. “Performance Assessment of Predicted Heat Strain in High Heat Stress Exposures.” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Prosek, James. “A Botanist in Lapland.” New York Times, May 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanning Perspectives
AbbreviationPlan. Perspect.
ISSN (print)0266-5433
ISSN (online)1466-4518
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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