How to format your references using the Planning Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Planning Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance, Amber. “Neuroscience: Connectomes Make the Map.” Nature 526, no. 7571 (October 1, 2015): 147–49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grill, Erwin, and Alexander Christmann. “Botany. A Plant Receptor with a Big Family.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, no. 5819 (March 23, 2007): 1676–77.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKemy, David D., Werner M. Neuhausser, and David Julius. “Identification of a Cold Receptor Reveals a General Role for TRP Channels in Thermosensation.” Nature 416, no. 6876 (March 7, 2002): 52–58.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Chen, Hou-Tong, Willie J. Padilla, Joshua M. O. Zide, Arthur C. Gossard, Antoinette J. Taylor, and Richard D. Averitt. “Active Terahertz Metamaterial Devices.” Nature 444, no. 7119 (November 30, 2006): 597–600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, Steven M. Accounting Best Practices. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Sawada, Hitoshi, Naokazu Inoue, and Megumi Iwano, eds. Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants. Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hammad, Enas Abdullah. “Palestinian University Students’ Problems with EFL Essay Writing in an Instructional Setting.” In Teaching EFL Writing in the 21st Century Arab World: Realities and Challenges, edited by Abdelhamid Ahmed and Hassan Abouabdelkader, 99–124. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Planning Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “Second Inexplicable Die Off Of 60,000 Antelopes.” IFLScience. IFLScience, September 4, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Commercial Aviation: Potential Safety and Capacity Issues Associated with the Introduction of the New A380 Aircraft.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 20, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galyer, Darin L. “The Influence of Reference Objects on Vector-Based Memory Representations.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. “A World Of Words Reinvented In Pictures.” New York Times, February 9, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titlePlanning Perspectives
AbbreviationPlan. Perspect.
ISSN (print)0266-5433
ISSN (online)1466-4518
ScopeGeography, Planning and Development

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