How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm V. 2010. Chemistry. To cool or not to cool. Science. 329(5987):45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischbach MA, Walsh CT. 2009. Antibiotics for emerging pathogens. Science. 325(5944):1089–1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlove BS, Chiang JC, Cane MA. 2000. Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility. Nature. 403(6765):68–71.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Trampert J, Deschamps F, Resovsky J, Yuen D. 2004. Probabilistic tomography maps chemical heterogeneities throughout the lower mantle. Science. 306(5697):853–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young SD. 2012. Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sá JM de, Alexandre LA, Duch W, Mandic D, editors. 2007. Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2007: 17th International Conference, Porto, Portugal, September 9-13, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yarden A, Norris SP, Phillips LM. 2015. Creating and Using Adapted Primary Literature. In: Norris SP, Phillips LM, editors. Adapted Primary Literature: The Use of Authentic Scientific Texts in Secondary Schools. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 83–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. There’s A “Blue Moon” This Friday - But What Does That Mean? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Aviation Safety: Chicago Center Work Force Views of the Air Traffic Control System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Havill NL. 2012. Therapeutic landscapes for birth: A research synthesis [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. 2017. Mountain Time For the Texans. New York Times.:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bromm 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fischbach and Walsh 2009; Bromm 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischbach and Walsh 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Trampert et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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