How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gorte RJ. 2015. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. Cooling down ceramic fuel cells. Science. 349(6254):1290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doebeli M, Ispolatov I. 2010. Complexity and diversity. Science. 328(5977):494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mukhopadhyay S, Farley KA, Montanari A. 2001. A short duration of the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary event: evidence from extraterrestrial helium-3. Science. 291(5510):1952–1955.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Kucharski R, Maleszka J, Foret S, Maleszka R. 2008. Nutritional control of reproductive status in honeybees via DNA methylation. Science. 319(5871):1827–1830.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen MW. 2016. Michael Allen’s Guide to e-Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cao L, Zeng Y, An B, Symeonidis AL, Gorodetsky V, Coenen F, Yu PS, editors. 2015. Agents and Data Mining Interaction: 10th International Workshop, ADMI 2014, Paris, France, May 5-9, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ye J-C, Chen A, Huang X-N, Liu X-Y, Zhou H-L. 2013. Design and Implementation of a Taxi Intelligent Service System. In: Bian F, Xie Y, Cui X, Zeng Y, editors. Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Wuhan, China, November 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Men and Women Could Use Different Cells to Process Pain. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Intermodal Transportation: A Variety of Factors Influence Airport-Intercity Passenger Rail Connectivity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo AY. 2017. A program to increase health literacy for older Latino adults residing in La Habra, California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2009. Festival Lures Westchester’s High School Filmmakers. New York Times.:WE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gorte 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Doebeli & Ispolatov 2010; Gorte 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doebeli & Ispolatov 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kucharski et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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