How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Papaloizou JCB. 2008. Astronomy. Planetary system formation. Science. 321(5890):777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Loosdrecht MCM, Brdjanovic D. 2014. Water treatment. Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment. Science. 344(6191):1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L. 2001. Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature. 412(6845):417–419.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Gao F, Wei Z, An W, Wang K, Lu W. 2013. The interactomes of POU5F1 and SOX2 enhancers in human embryonic stem cells. Sci Rep. 3:1588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin IN. 2015. Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lodén M, Maibach HI, editors. 2012. Treatment of Dry Skin Syndrome: The Art and Science of Moisturizers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Costanzo M, Blandón-Gitlin I, Davis D. 2016. The Purpose, Content, and Effects of Expert Testimony on Interrogations and Confessions. In: Bornstein BH, Miller MK, editors. Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 141–178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. This Frightening Animation Shows Every Single Nuclear Explosion That Occurred Between 1945 And 1998. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1954. Study of United States Government Wind Tunnels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang SD. 2012. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2006. 13 Hospitals to Remove Trans Fats From Meals. New York Times.:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Papaloizou 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Papaloizou 2008; van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Loosdrecht and Brdjanovic 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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