How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook-Deegan R. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Gene patents: the shadow of uncertainty. Science. 331:873–874.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cryan JF, O’Leary OF. 2010. Neuroscience. A glutamate pathway to faster-acting antidepressants? Science. 329:913–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu W, Pellegrini M, Wang X. 2014. Detecting communities based on network topology. Sci Rep. 4:5739.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Stayrook S, Jaru-Ampornpan P, Ni J, Hochschild A, Lewis M. 2008. Crystal structure of the lambda repressor and a model for pairwise cooperative operator binding. Nature. 452:1022–1025.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furmston M. 2012. Powell-Smith and Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Lopez-Tarruella A, editor. 2012. Google and the Law: Empirical Approaches to Legal Aspects of Knowledge-Economy Business Models. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Giddings JM, Williams WM, Solomon KR, Giesy JP. 2014. Risks to Aquatic Organisms from Use of Chlorpyrifos in the United States. In: Giesy JP, Solomon KR, editors. Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 119–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Eleven Body Fluids We Couldn’t Live Without. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Medical ADP Systems: Automated Medical Records Hold Promise to Improve Patient Care. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rivera C. 2017. The Role of Privacy, Brand Labeling, and Cost on Condom Procurement: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Assess a University Policy [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2016. A Burst of Activity, Then a Fall in the Night. New York Times.:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook-Deegan 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cryan & O’Leary 2010; Cook-Deegan 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cryan & O’Leary 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Stayrook et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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