How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Layard R. 2010. Economics. Measuring subjective well-being. Science. 327(5965):534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennedy BM, van Soest MC. 2007. Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: helium isotope trends. Science. 318(5855):1433–1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aguirre A, Rubio ME, Gallo V. 2010. Notch and EGFR pathway interaction regulates neural stem cell number and self-renewal. Nature. 467(7313):323–327.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chen M, Li J, Zhang L, Chang S, Liu C, Wang J, Li S. 2014. Auto-flotation of heterocyst enables the efficient production of renewable energy in cyanobacteria. Sci Rep. 4:3998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs PG, Attwood TK. 2004. Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Malden, MA USA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Oliveira CAS. 2011. Mathematical Aspects of Network Routing Optimization. Pardalos PM, editor. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Raz E, Tinelli E, D’Ambrosio F, Caramia F. 2013. Intracranial Circulation. In: Catalano C, Anzidei M, Napoli A, editors. Cardiovascular CT and MR Imaging: From Technique to Clinical Interpretation. Milano: Springer; p. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Scientists Have Simulated Time Travel With Photons. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Credit Reporting Literacy Survey Data, an E-supplement to GAO-05-223. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh SM. 2017. The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. ‘True Detective’ To Return on HBO. New York Times.:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Layard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kennedy and van Soest 2007; Layard 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennedy and van Soest 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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