How to format your references using the Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlamminger S. 2014. Fundamental constants: a cool way to measure big G. Nature. 510(7506):478–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Landskron K, Ozin GA. 2004. Periodic mesoporous dendrisilicas. Science. 306(5701):1529–1532.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antón SC, Potts R, Aiello LC. 2014. Human evolution. Evolution of early Homo: an integrated biological perspective. Science. 345(6192):1236828.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Gröbner G, Burnett IJ, Glaubitz C, Choi G, Mason AJ, Watts A. 2000. Observations of light-induced structural changes of retinal within rhodopsin. Nature. 405(6788):810–813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner D. 2013. Combined Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McGloughlin T, editor. 2011. Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Aneurysms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdonschot PFM. 2006. Evaluation of the use of Water Framework Directive typology descriptors, reference sites and spatial scale in macroinvertebrate stream typology. In: Furse MT, Hering D, Brabec K, Buffagni A, Sandin L, Verdonschot PFM, editors. The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 39–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. The Top 5 Most Terrifyingly Gruesome Sex Acts in the Animal Kingdom. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Business Systems Modernization: IRS’s Fiscal Year 2004 Expenditure Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Howard GM. 2012. Roles of vitamin D and calcium in cancer and diet history [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eddy M, Kanter J. 2016. Backlash Over Remarks by German E.U. Official. New York Times.:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schlamminger 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Landskron and Ozin 2004; Schlamminger 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Landskron and Ozin 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gröbner et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives Of Phytopathology And Plant Protection
AbbreviationArch. Phytopathol. Pflanzenschutz
ISSN (print)0323-5408
ISSN (online)1477-2906
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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