How to format your references using the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Conklin BR. Journal club. A geneticist wonders why we need to sleep. Nature. 2009;461:573.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marraffini LA, Sontheimer EJ. CRISPR interference limits horizontal gene transfer in staphylococci by targeting DNA. Science. 2008;322:1843–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lu Z, Klem AM, Ramu Y. Ion conduction pore is conserved among potassium channels. Nature. 2001;413:809–13.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tang YL, Zhu YL, Wang YJ, Wang WY, Xu YB, Ren WJ, et al. Atomic-scale mapping of dipole frustration at 90° charged domain walls in ferroelectric PbTiO3 films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Römer H. Theoretical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
1. Sacco GM, Tzitzikas Y, editors. Dynamic Taxonomies and Faceted Search: Theory, Practice, and Experience. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Weyh A. What Characterizes Successful Start-Up Cohorts? In: Fritsch M, Schmude J, editors. Entrepreneurship in the Region. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Has The “Eighth Wonder Of The World” Been Found Again After Being Lost For 131 Years? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/eighth-wonder-world-found-again-after-lost-131-years/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Implementation Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Sep. Report No.: GAO-12-1011T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Desai SS. CFD simuation of flow past a rotating circular cylinder with an end plate [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. For Ahkeem. New York Times. 2017 Oct 12;C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Health Popul. Nutr.
ISSN (online)2072-1315
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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