How to format your references using the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Spratt BG. Microbiology. Stomachs out of Africa. Science. 2003;299:1528–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Campbell E, Salathé M. Complex social contagion makes networks more vulnerable to disease outbreaks. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1905.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Keller RA, Fisk MR, White WM. Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot. Nature. 2000;405:673–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yang Y, Wang H, Gao M, Xu S, Xu X, Cao X, et al. Pre-pregnancy cytogenetic analysis of general couples in eastern China. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Machin D, Campbell MJ. Design of Studies for Medical Research. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Weik E, Walgenbach P, editors. Institutions Inc. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hurault J, Kouidri S, Bakir F, Rey R. Experimental Investigation of Wall Pressure Fluctuations in Axial Flow Fans with Different Swept. In: Xu J, Wu Y, Zhang Y, Zhang J, editors. Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 20–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. A Miniature Tsunami Just Hit The Netherlands - Check Out This Footage. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Information on the Department of Transportation’s Proposed Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: RCED-99-225.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rice HJ. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. They Left Their Hearts at Coogan’s Bluff. New York Times. 2013 Jan 14;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Health Popul. Nutr.
ISSN (online)2072-1315
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles