How to format your references using the Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crabtree RH. Chemistry. A new oxidation state for Pd? Science. 2002;295:288–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nath D, Shadan S. The ubiquitin system. Nature. 2009;458:421.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Harley HE, Putman EA, Roitblat HL. Bottlenose dolphins perceive object features through echolocation. Nature. 2003;424:667–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dwivedi N, Rismani-Yazdi E, Yeo RJ, Goohpattader PS, Satyanarayana N, Srinivasan N, et al. Probing the role of an atomically thin SiNx interlayer on the structure of ultrathin carbon films. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5021.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Maini AK, Agrawal V. Satellite Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Priol T, Vanneschi M, editors. Towards Next Generation Grids: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Symposium 2007. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ernst R, Linsenmair KE, Thomas R, Rödel M-O. Amphibian communities in disturbed forests: lessons from the Neo- and Afrotropics. In: Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A, editors. Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins: Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 59–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Most People Are Prone To “Remembering” Fake Events [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Communication and Transparency of Changes Made to the New Starts Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-674.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hinckley M. Socioecological factors that affect adolescent nervousness and depression [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stevenson A, Goldstein M. Fund Manager Facing Charges Is Found Dead at Home. New York Times. 2016 Jun 22;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
AbbreviationJ. Health Popul. Nutr.
ISSN (online)2072-1315
ScopeFood Science
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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