How to format your references using the Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adami, C.: Artificial intelligence: Robots with instincts. Nature. 521, 426–427 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart, D.J., Winzeler, E.A.: Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature. 405, 827–836 (2000)
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G., Zhuchenko, O., Kuspa, A.: Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science. 317, 678–681 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
de Sherbinin, A., Castro, M., Gemenne, F., Cernea, M.M., Adamo, S., Fearnside, P.M., Krieger, G., Lahmani, S., Oliver-Smith, A., Pankhurst, A., Scudder, T., Singer, B., Tan, Y., Wannier, G., Boncour, P., Ehrhart, C., Hugo, G., Pandey, B., Shi, G.: Climate change. Preparing for resettlement associated with climate change. Science. 334, 456–457 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad, D.H., Mileant, A., Pham, T.T.: Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Dai, X., Rong, X. eds: Metric and Differential Geometry: The Jeff Cheeger Anniversary Volume. Springer, Basel (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Fu, B., Han, Y., Li, H., Li, X.: The Abacus Turn Model. In: Palesi, M. and Daneshtalab, M. (eds.) Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip. pp. 69–103. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Vegetarian Birds Turn Carnivorous,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Drug Regulation: FDA’s Computer Systems Need To Be Better Managed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1986)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghaei Lakeh, A.: Approximate Analytical Solutions of a Generalized van der Pol Oscillator, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B.: A Richard III Straight Out of the Land of Id, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
AbbreviationAdv. Struct. Chem. Imaging
ISSN (online)2198-0926

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