How to format your references using the Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briggs, D.E.G.: Obituary: Harry Whittington (1916-2010). Nature. 466, 706 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Poole, A., Penny, D.: Eukaryote evolution: engulfed by speculation. Nature. 447, 913 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Knudson, M.D., Desjarlais, M.P., Dolan, D.H.: Shock-wave exploration of the high-pressure phases of carbon. Science. 322, 1822–1825 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, C.-C., Lee, J.-C., Luo, S.-Y., Kulkarni, S.S., Huang, Y.-W., Lee, C.-C., Chang, K.-L., Hung, S.-C.: Regioselective one-pot protection of carbohydrates. Nature. 446, 896–899 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bass, F.: Guide to the Census. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Wang, J., Xie, X. eds: Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Heart: From Bench to Bedside. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Shogen, S., Shimizu, T., Yoshikawa, M.: Enrichment of Academic Search Engine Results Pages by Citation-Based Graphs. In: Zuccon, G., Geva, S., Joho, H., Scholer, F., Sun, A., and Zhang, P. (eds.) Information Retrieval Technology: 11th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2015, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, December 2-4, 2015. Proceedings. pp. 56–67. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Why Does Chilli Burn, And Why Does Milk Help Soothe The Pain?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Highway Trust Fund: Financial Status and Outlook. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belcher, J.T.: Optimism, psychological well-being, and quality of life in females with Fibromyalgia Syndrome, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: At Home, In Any House, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
AbbreviationAdv. Struct. Chem. Imaging
ISSN (online)2198-0926

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