How to format your references using the Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munk, W.: Ocean science. Ocean freshening, sea level rising. Science. 300, 2041–2043 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Saltiel, A.R., Kahn, C.R.: Insulin signalling and the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. Nature. 414, 799–806 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröder, G.F., Levitt, M., Brunger, A.T.: Super-resolution biomolecular crystallography with low-resolution data. Nature. 464, 1218–1222 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Livet, J., Weissman, T.A., Kang, H., Draft, R.W., Lu, J., Bennis, R.A., Sanes, J.R., Lichtman, J.W.: Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system. Nature. 450, 56–62 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Richter, D.H.: Reading the Eighteenth-Century Novel. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Roy, D., Dorak, M.T. eds: Environmental Factors, Genes, and the Development of Human Cancers. Springer, New York, NY (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Shukla, V., Upreti, D.K., Bajpai, R.: Lichen Diversity in Different Lichenogeographical Regions of India. In: D.k., U. and Bajpai, R. (eds.) Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment. pp. 61–96. Springer India, New Delhi (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging.

Blog post
Andrew, D.: People Hadn’t Set Foot In This Ancient “Lost City” In The Honduran Jungle For 500 Years — Until Now,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortiz-Quiusky, S.: Substance abuse, smoking, and depression among military veterans, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J., Mueller, B.: 2 Escapees Still at Large Despite 450-Officer Hunt in Remote, Swampy Area, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
AbbreviationAdv. Struct. Chem. Imaging
ISSN (online)2198-0926

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