How to format your references using the Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, J.F.: Applications of modern ferroelectrics. Science. 315, 954–959 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ding, L., Morrison, S.J.: Haematopoietic stem cells and early lymphoid progenitors occupy distinct bone marrow niches. Nature. 495, 231–235 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Buhr, E.D., Yoo, S.-H., Takahashi, J.S.: Temperature as a universal resetting cue for mammalian circadian oscillators. Science. 330, 379–385 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Malasarn, D., Saltikov, C.W., Campbell, K.M., Santini, J.M., Hering, J.G., Newman, D.K.: arrA is a reliable marker for As(V) respiration. Science. 306, 455 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods, D.R.: Successful Trouble Shooting for Process Engineers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2005)
An edited book
Ribatti, D.: Mast Cells and Tumours: from Biology to Clinic. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, R., Albert, L.R.: Context of Elementary Mathematics Education in South Korea. In: Albert, L.R. (ed.) Mathematics Teaching and Learning: South Korean Elementary Teachers’ Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching. pp. 49–61. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Content Analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material--Transfer Paper 10.1.3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glassett Farrelly, S.: Understanding Alternative Education: A Mixed Methods Examination of Student Experiences, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by: Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
AbbreviationAdv. Struct. Chem. Imaging
ISSN (online)2198-0926

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