How to format your references using the Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertrand, C.A.: Tech.Sight. Color by number: imaging large data. Science. 293, 1335–1336 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M.R., Lord, R.: The blame game. Nature. 432, 551–552 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitkaliyeva, A., Chen, D., Shao, L.: Phonon transport assisted by inter-tube carbon displacements in carbon nanotube mats. Sci. Rep. 3, 2774 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alvarez-Rodriguez, U., Sanz, M., Lamata, L., Solano, E.: Biomimetic cloning of quantum observables. Sci. Rep. 4, 4910 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S.: Advanced Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Whitacre, D.M. ed: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 196. Springer US, New York, NY (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Mednicoff, D.: Change, Challenge, and Continuity in Qatari Development: Identity and Citizenship in the Fulcrum of Hyper-Globalization. In: Stokes-DuPass, N. and Fruja, R. (eds.) Citizenship, Belonging, and Nation-States in the Twenty-First Century. pp. 111–136. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Air Pollution Kills More Children Globally Than Malaria,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Costs and Benefits of a Common Strategic Rotary Launcher Should Be Reassessed Before Further Funds Are Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol, E.: Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: After Stand on Gays, New Name Urged for Margaret Court Arena, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
AbbreviationAdv. Struct. Chem. Imaging
ISSN (online)2198-0926

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