How to format your references using the Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D’Amico, N.: Astronomy. Pinpointing gravity. Science. 323, 1299–1300 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansson, G.K., Björkholm, M.: Medicine. Tackling two diseases with HDL. Science. 328, 1641–1642 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
MacDonald, M.P., Spalding, G.C., Dholakia, K.: Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice. Nature. 426, 421–424 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oana, K., Oma, Y., Suo, S., Takahashi, M.P., Nishino, I., Takeda, S., Ishiura, S.: Manumycin A corrects aberrant splicing of Clcn1 in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) mice. Sci. Rep. 3, 2142 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll, N.: Minerva’s Night Out. A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford (2013)
An edited book
Starr, H. ed: Bruce M. Russett: Pioneer in the Scientific and Normative Study of War, Peace, and Policy. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Schulze, C., Liwicki, M.: Optimized SIFT Feature Matching for Image Retrieval. In: Nürnberger, A., Stober, S., Larsen, B., and Detyniecki, M. (eds.) Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 102–115. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Controls Over Computer-Generated Output at the Naval Supply Center, Oakland. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1970)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, R.: Artistiya: Popular music and personhood in postcolonial Bamako, Mali, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Story, L.: A Stealthy Subsidy Aiding Big Businesses Is Growing, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (D’Amico 2009).
This sentence cites two references (D’Amico 2009; Hansson and Björkholm 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hansson and Björkholm 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Oana et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCelestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
AbbreviationCelest. Mech. Dyn. Astron.
ISSN (print)0923-2958
ISSN (online)1572-9478
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles