How to format your references using the Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q.: Catalonian powerhouse. Nature. 454, 248–249 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon, O.-H., Zewail, A.H.: 4D electron tomography. Science. 328, 1668–1673 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins, M.W., Welters, W.J., Weekamp, J.W.: Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science. 291, 277–280 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Giraldo, O., Brock, S.L., Marquez, M., Suib, S.L., Hillhouse, H., Tsapatsis, M.: Spontaneous formation of inorganic helices. Nature. 405, 38 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rasch, D., Schott, D.: Mathematische Statistik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2015)
An edited book
Balachandar, S., Prosperetti, A. eds: IUTAM Symposium on Computational Approaches to Multiphase Flow: Proceedings of an IUTAM Symposium held at Argonne National Laboratory, October 4–7, 2004. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Mönch, L., Fowler, J.W., Mason, S.J.: Deterministic Scheduling Approaches. In: Fowler, J.W. and Mason, S.J. (eds.) Production Planning and Control for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Facilities: Modeling, Analysis, and Systems. pp. 105–175. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Physicists Think They May Have Accidentally Discovered Dark Matter,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding, H.: Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M.: Always A ‘Shadow’ To Beat, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kwon and Zewail 2010; Schiermeier 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwon and Zewail 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Giraldo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCelestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
AbbreviationCelest. Mech. Dyn. Astron.
ISSN (print)0923-2958
ISSN (online)1572-9478
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles