How to format your references using the Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: What matters for science is who runs the country. Nature. 488, 559 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sallan, L., Galimberti, A.K.: Body-size reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian mass extinction. Science. 350, 812–815 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yano, J.-I., Talagrand, O., Drossart, P.: Outer planets: Origins of atmospheric zonal winds. Nature. 421, 36 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, G.C.S., Stenhouse, E.J., Crossley, J.A., Aitken, D.A., Cameron, A.D., Connor, J.M.: Early-pregnancy origins of low birth weight. Nature. 417, 916 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alvarez, P.J.J., Illman, W.A.: Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Koh, C. ed: Motivation, Leadership and Curriculum design: Engaging the Net Generation and 21st Century Learners. Springer, Singapore (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
DiMauro, L.F., Roedig, C.A.: Strong-Field Atomic Physics in the X-ray Regime. In: Yamanouchi, K., Paulus, G.G., and Mathur, D. (eds.) Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science: Volume X. pp. 65–76. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Hummingbird Tongues Are Tiny Pumps That Spring Open To Draw In Nectar,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds, P.R.: Midkine (MK) Regulates Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling During Hypoxia, (2004)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B.: Edmonton’s Abuzz? Think Prodigy, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2012; Sallan and Galimberti 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sallan and Galimberti 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCelestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
AbbreviationCelest. Mech. Dyn. Astron.
ISSN (print)0923-2958
ISSN (online)1572-9478
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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