How to format your references using the Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whipple, K.X.: Geophysics. Can erosion drive tectonics? Science. 346, 918–919 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neil, D.D., Gillikin, D.P.: Do freshwater mussel shells record road-salt pollution? Sci. Rep. 4, 7168 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, K.J., Dietrich, P., Jessell, T.M.: Genetic ablation reveals that the roof plate is essential for dorsal interneuron specification. Nature. 403, 734–740 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, W., Wang, Y., Gorby, Y., Nealson, K., Pan, Y.: Integrating niche-based process and spatial process in biogeography of magnetotactic bacteria. Sci. Rep. 3, 1643 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Damrosch, D.: How to Read World Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2017)
An edited book
Mulser, P.: High Power Laser-Matter Interaction. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Pesta, G.: Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Residues and Wastes. In: Oreopoulou, V. and Russ, W. (eds.) Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry. pp. 53–72. Springer US, Boston, MA (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Tarantula Molting: Surprisingly Not Terrifying,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Early Childhood Programs: Promoting the Development of Young Children in Denmark, France, and Italy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, K.: An Introduction to the Cox Proportional Hazards Model and Its Applications to Survival Analysis, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard, T.S., Cowley, S.: Equifax Is Facing Harsh Scrutiny. If Only It Had Come a Bit Sooner, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whipple 2014).
This sentence cites two references (O’Neil and Gillikin 2014; Whipple 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Neil and Gillikin 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCelestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
AbbreviationCelest. Mech. Dyn. Astron.
ISSN (print)0923-2958
ISSN (online)1572-9478
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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