How to format your references using the Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nutman, A.P.: Comment on “Zircon thermometer reveals minimum melting conditions on earliest Earth” II. Science. 311, 779; author reply 779 (2006)
A journal article with 2 authors
Brongersma, M.L., Shalaev, V.M.: Applied physics. The case for plasmonics. Science. 328, 440–441 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, F.C., Santos, M.D., Pacheco, J.M.: Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games. Nature. 454, 213–216 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
El Albani, A., Bengtson, S., Canfield, D.E., Bekker, A., Macchiarelli, R., Mazurier, A., Hammarlund, E.U., Boulvais, P., Dupuy, J.-J., Fontaine, C., Fürsich, F.T., Gauthier-Lafaye, F., Janvier, P., Javaux, E., Ossa, F.O., Pierson-Wickmann, A.-C., Riboulleau, A., Sardini, P., Vachard, D., Whitehouse, M., Meunier, A.: Large colonial organisms with coordinated growth in oxygenated environments 2.1 Gyr ago. Nature. 466, 100–104 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Russell, L.C.R., Hodgetts, C.T.J., Mahoney, C.P.F., Castle, N.: Disaster Rules. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2010)
An edited book
Ceroni, P. ed: The Exploration of Supramolecular Systems and Nanostructures by Photochemical Techniques. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Goldsmith, S.: Education, Training, and Support Programs for Caregivers of Individuals with Disabilities. In: Talley, R.C. and Crews, J.E. (eds.) Multiple Dimensions of Caregiving and Disability: Research, Practice, Policy. pp. 45–66. Springer, New York, NY (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

Blog post
Fang, J.: In Quantum Breakthrough, Scientists Get Two Photons To Interact,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.19). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, M.C.: Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr: 21 Years After Businessman’s Murder, His Wife and Her Brother Are Arrested, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nutman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brongersma and Shalaev 2010; Nutman 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brongersma and Shalaev 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (El Albani et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCelestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy
AbbreviationCelest. Mech. Dyn. Astron.
ISSN (print)0923-2958
ISSN (online)1572-9478
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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