How to format your references using the Pituitary citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pituitary. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Melcher D (2001) Persistence of visual memory for scenes. Nature 412:401
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Scully MO, Zubairy MS (2003) Physics. Playing tricks with slow light. Science 301:181–182
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yamada T, Dautry A, Walport M (2008) Ready for avian flu? Nature 454:162
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wang C-M, Chang S-W, Wu Y-JJ, et al (2014) Genetic variations in Toll-like receptors (TLRs 3/7/8) are associated with systemic lupus erythematosus in a Taiwanese population. Sci Rep 4:3792

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D (2014) Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Spagnolie SE (2015) Complex Fluids in Biological Systems: Experiment, Theory, and Computation. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sakawa M, Yano H, Nishizaki I (2013) Fuzzy Linear Programming. In: Yano H, Nishizaki I (eds) Linear and Multiobjective Programming with Fuzzy Stochastic Extensions. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 105–148

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pituitary.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) Astronomers Discover A Middleweight Black Hole For The First Time. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-discover-a-middleweight-black-hole-for-the-first-time/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1983) Query Regarding Department of Education Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Barkley WC (2008) Mars rover - Laser focusing and optimization. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L (2007) Supreme Court Turns Down Detainees’ Habeas Corpus Case. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePituitary
AbbreviationPituitary
ISSN (print)1386-341X
ISSN (online)1573-7403
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles