How to format your references using the Pituitary citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pituitary. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marx V (2014) Proteomics: An atlas of expression. Nature 509:645–649
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Conard NJ, Bolus M (2015) Anthropology. Chronicling modern human’s arrival in Europe. Science 348:754–756
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Riemer J, Bulleid N, Herrmann JM (2009) Disulfide formation in the ER and mitochondria: two solutions to a common process. Science 324:1284–1287
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ratzinger F, Haslacher H, Poeppl W, et al (2014) Azithromycin suppresses CD4(+) T-cell activation by direct modulation of mTOR activity. Sci Rep 4:7438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Quinquis A (2008) Digital Signal Processing using MATLAB®. ISTE, London, UK
An edited book
1.
Gheyi R, Naumann D (2012) Formal Methods: Foundations and Applications: 15th Brazilian Symposium, SBMF 2012, Natal, Brazil, September 23-28, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Raffman D (2011) Vagueness and Observationality. In: Ronzitti G (ed) Vagueness: A Guide. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 107–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pituitary.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2016) The Trolley Dilemma: Would You Kill One Person To Save Five? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/trolley-dilemma-would-you-kill-one-person-save-five/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1996) IRS Operations: Significant Challenges in Financial Management and Systems Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dhantole G (2014) Evaluating provision of healthcare system in the U.S. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2010) A Gifted Talker Is Speaking Out. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePituitary
AbbreviationPituitary
ISSN (print)1386-341X
ISSN (online)1573-7403
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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