How to format your references using the Pilot and Feasibility Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pilot and Feasibility Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shields A. Quantum optics. Quantum logic with light, glass, and mirrors. Science. 2002;297:1821–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Devos DP, Reynaud EG. Evolution. Intermediate steps. Science. 2010;330:1187–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Donato F, Rompani SB, Caroni P. Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning. Nature. 2013;504:272–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Uhlén P, Laestadius A, Jahnukainen T, Söderblom T, Bäckhed F, Celsi G, et al. Alpha-haemolysin of uropathogenic E. coli induces Ca2+ oscillations in renal epithelial cells. Nature. 2000;405:694–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bhattacharyya AK. Phased Array Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Hähnel S, editor. Inflammatory Diseases of the Brain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Edwards D, Deed C, Edwards A. Learning in Technologically-Mediated Spaces in Open-Plan Settings. In: Prain V, Cox P, Deed C, Edwards D, Farrelly C, Keeffe M, et al., editors. Adapting to Teaching and Learning in Open-Plan Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014. p. 79–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pilot and Feasibility Studies.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. There Is A Man-Made Barrier Surrounding Our Planet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/there-is-a-man-made-barrier-surrounding-our-planet/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Computer Procurement: FAA’s $1.5-Billion Computer Resources Nucleus Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-89-44FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tubbs MA. The use of hand-constructed graphs in Microcomputer-Based Laboratories for kinematics instruction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker AL. Murder Charge for Officer In Bronx Woman’s Death. New York Times. 2017 May 31;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePilot and Feasibility Studies
AbbreviationPilot Feasibility Stud.
ISSN (online)2055-5784
Scope

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