How to format your references using the Pilot and Feasibility Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pilot and Feasibility Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Oster G. Brownian ratchets: Darwin’s motors. Nature. 2002;417:25.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Liu J, Diamond J. Science and government. Revolutionizing China’s environmental protection. Science. 2008;319:37–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Green DR, Galluzzi L, Kroemer G. Cell biology. Metabolic control of cell death. Science. 2014;345:1250256.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jaramillo TF, Jørgensen KP, Bonde J, Nielsen JH, Horch S, Chorkendorff I. Identification of active edge sites for electrochemical H2 evolution from MoS2 nanocatalysts. Science. 2007;317:100–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ballast DK. Interior Detailing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Harris JR, editor. Protein Aggregation and Fibrillogenesis in Cerebral and Systemic Amyloid Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Soliman MM, Hassanien AE, Onsi HM. Bio-inspiring Techniques in Watermarking Medical Images: A Review. In: Hassanien AE, Kim T-H, Kacprzyk J, Awad AI, editors. Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 93–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pilot and Feasibility Studies.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. New Crew Arrives At The International Space Station. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Legislative Focus on Federal ADP Procurement and GAO’s Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Nov. Report No.: 100061.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Maddox CE. Postcolonial play: Encounters with sport and physical culture in contemporary India [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. St. John Kelly E. Patrons Root for the Return of the “Cheers” of Clinton Street. New York Times. 1998 Mar 8;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePilot and Feasibility Studies
AbbreviationPilot Feasibility Stud.
ISSN (online)2055-5784
Scope

Other styles