How to format your references using the Pilot and Feasibility Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pilot and Feasibility Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lawler A. BROOKHAVEN LAB: Forbes Loses in Fallout From Reactor Fight. Science. 2000;289:2021b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lincoln TA, Joyce GF. Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science. 2009;323:1229–32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pool JA, Lobkovsky E, Chirik PJ. Hydrogenation and cleavage of dinitrogen to ammonia with a zirconium complex. Nature. 2004;427:527–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sachs J, Remans R, Smukler S, Winowiecki L, Andelman SJ, Cassman KG, et al. Monitoring the world’s agriculture. Nature. 2010;466:558–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wempen F. Microsoft® PowerPoint® 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Dastani M, El Fallah Seghrouchni A, Ricci A, Winikoff M, editors. Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 5th International Workshop, ProMAS 2007 Honolulu, HI, USA, May 15, 2007 Revised and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pettit C, Nelson A, Cartwright W. Using On-Line Geographical Visualisation Tools to Improve Land Use Decision-Making with a Bottom-Up Community Participatory Approach. In: Leeuwen JPV, Timmermans HJP, editors. Recent Advances in Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pilot and Feasibility Studies.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Triple-Breasted Claim Demonstrates Internet Gullibility Again. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Aug. Report No.: NSIAD-96-112.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bailey RU. A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Where the Artists Are the Superheroes. New York Times. 2013 Apr 28;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePilot and Feasibility Studies
AbbreviationPilot Feasibility Stud.
ISSN (online)2055-5784
Scope

Other styles