How to format your references using the Chromosoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balter M (2001) Cancer research. Transatlantic war over BRCA1 patent. Science 292:1818
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris T, Podsiadlowski P (2007) The triple-ring nebula around SN 1987A: fingerprint of a binary merger. Science 315:1103–1106
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy VR, van Westrenen W, Fei Y (2003) Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores. Nature 423:163–165
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sharghi-Namini S, Tan E, Ong L-LS, et al (2014) Dll4-containing exosomes induce capillary sprout retraction in a 3D microenvironment. Sci Rep 4:4031

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic S (2016) Advanced Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cho WCS (ed) (2010) Supportive Cancer Care with Chinese Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
de Queiroz RJGB, de Oliveira AG (2014) Natural Deduction for Equality: The Missing Entity. In: Pereira LC, Haeusler EH, de Paiva V (eds) Advances in Natural Deduction: A Celebration of Dag Prawitz’s Work. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 63–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosoma.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Granddad The Lungfish, World’s Oldest Aquarium Fish, Dies At Ridiculously Old Age. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) National Airspace System: Improved Budgeting Could Help FAA Better Determine Future Operations and Maintenance Priorities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magda B (2009) Increasing efficacy of emergency departments through systems analysis of enterprise architecture: Mitigating the impact of technological change. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Atkinson S, Davey M (2017) Manslaughter Is Charge for 5 In Flint Crisis. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balter 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Balter 2001; Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharghi-Namini et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosoma
ISSN (print)0009-5915
ISSN (online)1432-0886

Other styles