How to format your references using the Chromosoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2006) Biologist aims to ease the pain for entrepreneurs. Nature 440:738–739
A journal article with 2 authors
Xiong Y, Steitz TA (2004) Mechanism of transfer RNA maturation by CCA-adding enzyme without using an oligonucleotide template. Nature 430:640–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Wood MJ, Storz G, Tjandra N (2004) Structural basis for redox regulation of Yap1 transcription factor localization. Nature 430:917–921
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cao S, Zhao H, Kang B, et al (2014) Temperature induced spin switching in SmFeO3 single crystal. Sci Rep 4:5960

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee Abbott M, McKinney J (2012) Understanding and Applying Research Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Calvetti D (2007) Introduction to Bayesian Scientific Computing: Ten Lectures on Subjective Computing. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Stenhouse M, Patel B (2016) Irrigation and Disinfection. In: Patel B (ed) Endodontic Treatment, Retreatment, and Surgery: Mastering Clinical Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 101–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosoma.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Gorgeous Time Lapse of Slow Marine Animal Movement. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Management of Research and Development in Electronics-Communications Equipment Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emale JM (2010) An examination of how conglomerates impact small-medium enterprises in their relationship. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan T (2013) War Zone at Mile 26: ‘So Many People Without Legs.’ New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Xiong and Steitz 2004; Gewin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xiong and Steitz 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosoma
ISSN (print)0009-5915
ISSN (online)1432-0886

Other styles