How to format your references using the Chromosoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morgan JA (2002) Ecology. Looking beneath the surface. Science 298:1903–1904
A journal article with 2 authors
Schier AF, Shen MM (2000) Nodal signalling in vertebrate development. Nature 403:385–389
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia S, Noma K-I, Grewal SIS (2004) RNAi-independent heterochromatin nucleation by the stress-activated ATF/CREB family proteins. Science 304:1971–1976
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Margot JL, Nolan MC, Benner LAM, et al (2002) Binary asteroids in the near-Earth object population. Science 296:1445–1448

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish RP (2005) HazMat Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Contini F, Lanzara GF (eds) (2014) The Circulation of Agency in E-Justice: Interoperability and Infrastructures for European Transborder Judicial Proceedings. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Meershoek G (2016) The Dutch Police and the Explosion of Violence in the Early 1980s. In: Campion J, Rousseaux X (eds) Policing New Risks in Modern European History. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 86–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosoma.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Lack of Support When Coming Out Is Biggest Risk For Mental Health, Not Sexual Orientation. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) SEC: EDGAR Dissemination Update. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown VA (2015) Silenced Voices That Cry in the Night: The Transformative Experience of Spouses of Wounded Warriors - Is it Transformative Learning? A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Nixon R (2017) Ban on Travel Will Be Replaced With New Schedule of Targeted Restrictions. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morgan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Schier and Shen 2000; Morgan 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schier and Shen 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Margot et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosoma
ISSN (print)0009-5915
ISSN (online)1432-0886

Other styles