How to format your references using the Chromosoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hejtmancik JF (2015) Ophthalmology: Cataracts dissolved. Nature 523:540–541
A journal article with 2 authors
Falkowski PG, Davis CS (2004) Natural proportions. Nature 431:131
A journal article with 3 authors
Fisher RJ, Pevsner J, Burgoyne RD (2001) Control of fusion pore dynamics during exocytosis by Munc18. Science 291:875–878
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kishi M, Pan YA, Crump JG, Sanes JR (2005) Mammalian SAD kinases are required for neuronal polarization. Science 307:929–932

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guyader J-L (2013) Vibration in Continuous Media. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vogel HG, Hock FJ, Maas J, Mayer D (eds) (2006) Drug Discovery and Evaluation: Safety and Pharmacokinetic Assays. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kawasaki T, Motoyoshi Y (2006) Experimental Constraints on the Decompressional P-T Paths of Rundvågshetta Granulites, Lützow-Holm Complex, East Antarctica. In: Fütterer DK, Damaske D, Kleinschmidt G, et al. (eds) Antarctica: Contributions to Global Earth Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 23–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosoma.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Why Have There Been so Many Shark Attacks in North Carolina? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) National Airspace System: Initiatives to Reduce Flight Delays and Enhance Capacity are Ongoing but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gemmer J (2012) Shape Selection in the non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) Banality and Trouble? They’re Neighbors. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hejtmancik 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Falkowski and Davis 2004; Hejtmancik 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Falkowski and Davis 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kishi et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosoma
ISSN (print)0009-5915
ISSN (online)1432-0886

Other styles