How to format your references using the Chromosoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromosoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dwek E (2006) Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust. Science 313:178–180
A journal article with 2 authors
McCarthy PM, Smith WA (2002) Mechanical circulatory support--a long and winding road. Science 295:998–999
A journal article with 3 authors
Dethlefsen L, McFall-Ngai M, Relman DA (2007) An ecological and evolutionary perspective on human-microbe mutualism and disease. Nature 449:811–818
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee H-Y, Kléber M, Hari L, et al (2004) Instructive role of Wnt/beta-catenin in sensory fate specification in neural crest stem cells. Science 303:1020–1023

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welsh AH (1996) Aspects of Statistical Inference: Welsh/Aspects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Williams PJ, Jones A, Buntting C (eds) (2015) The Future of Technology Education. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Rosling A, Littlemore K (2011) Improving Student Mental Models in a New University Information Setting. In: Rikowski R (ed) Digitisation Perspectives. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 89–101

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromosoma.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Hearing Restored For Partially Noise-Deafened Mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) New York Stock Exchange: Capability of Automated Systems To Identify Program Trading. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis K (2010) Manifesting archetypal energy through music. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Schweber N (2015) Driver Arrested After Bus Fatally Strikes Pedestrian. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dwek 2006).
This sentence cites two references (McCarthy and Smith 2002; Dwek 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McCarthy and Smith 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChromosoma
ISSN (print)0009-5915
ISSN (online)1432-0886

Other styles