How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sukhdev, P., 2009. Costing the earth. Nature 462, 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ge, X., He, S., 2014. Experimental realization of an open cavity. Sci. Rep. 4, 5965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gómez-Llobregat, J., Buceta, J., Reigada, R., 2013. Interplay of cytoskeletal activity and lipid phase stability in dynamic protein recruitment and clustering. Sci. Rep. 3, 2608.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sanchez, S.E., Petrillo, E., Beckwith, E.J., Zhang, X., Rugnone, M.L., Hernando, C.E., Cuevas, J.C., Godoy Herz, M.A., Depetris-Chauvin, A., Simpson, C.G., Brown, J.W.S., Cerdán, P.D., Borevitz, J.O., Mas, P., Ceriani, M.F., Kornblihtt, A.R., Yanovsky, M.J., 2010. A methyl transferase links the circadian clock to the regulation of alternative splicing. Nature 468, 112–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthys, W., Lochman, J.E., 2016. Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder in Childhood. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jain, L.C., Behera, H.S., Mandal, J.K., Mohapatra, D.P. (Eds.), 2015. Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 2: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Lyubchenko, Y.L., 2013. AFM Visualization of Protein–DNA Interactions, in: Oberhauser, A.F. (Ed.), Single-Molecule Studies of Proteins. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 97–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. Incredible Meteor Footage Captured By Dashcam [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending (No. T-HRD-93-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dotson, K.T., 2009. Smoke points of microgravity and normal gravity coflow diffusion flames (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., Morris, W., 2017. August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever? New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sukhdev, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ge and He, 2014; Sukhdev, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ge and He, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanchez et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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