How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pogue, B.W., 2014. Technology: ultrafast imaging takes on a new design. Nature 516, 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knutson, B.A., Hahn, S., 2011. Yeast Rrn7 and human TAF1B are TFIIB-related RNA polymerase I general transcription factors. Science 333, 1637–1640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komarneni, S., Kozai, N., Paulus, W.J., 2001. Environment. Superselective clay for radium uptake. Nature 410, 771.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cao, Y., Wang, C., Zhang, X., Xing, G., Lu, K., Gu, Y., He, F., Zhang, L., 2014. Selective small molecule compounds increase BMP-2 responsiveness by inhibiting Smurf1-mediated Smad1/5 degradation. Sci. Rep. 4, 4965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedlacek, H.H., Sapienza, A.M., Eid, V., 2008. Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Rao, K.R., 2016. Psychology in the Indian Tradition, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Zangaro, W., Rondina, A.B.L., 2016. Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in Different Successional Stages in Some Brazilian Ecosystems, in: Pagano, M.C. (Ed.), Recent Advances on Mycorrhizal Fungi, Fungal Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How To Identify Someone With A Rare Disease [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Airport Improvement Program: Reliever Airport Set-Aside Funds Could Be Redirected (No. RCED-94-226). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, K.S., 2008. Towards an improved baton technique: The application and modification of conducting gestures drawn from the methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for enhanced performance of orchestral interpretations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Edge, J.T., 2017. The Hidden Radicalism of Southern Food. New York Times SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pogue, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Knutson and Hahn, 2011; Pogue, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knutson and Hahn, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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