How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDowell, J.M., 2011. Plant science. Beleaguered immunity. Science 334, 1354–1355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pimm, S.L., van Aarde, R.J., 2001. African elephants and contraception. Nature 411, 766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, D.T., Judge, K.A., Kelly, C.D., 2010. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature 466, E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmid, B., Ribbe, M.W., Einsle, O., Yoshida, M., Thomas, L.M., Dean, D.R., Rees, D.C., Burgess, B.K., 2002. Structure of a cofactor-deficient nitrogenase MoFe protein. Science 296, 352–356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq, R.S., Moretto, L.A., 2015. Writing Reports to Get Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Kennedy, L.W., 2014. Translational Criminology and Counterterrorism: Global Threats and Local Responses, SpringerBriefs in Criminology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Tuunanen, T., Koskinen, J., Kärkkäinen, T., 2006. Retrieving Open Source Software Licenses, in: Damiani, E., Fitzgerald, B., Scacchi, W., Scotto, M., Succi, G. (Eds.), Open Source Systems: IFIP Working Group 2.13 Foundation on Open Source Software, June 8–10, 2006, Como, Italy, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Ancient Tectonic Activity Spotted On Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Truck Transport: Little Is Known About Hauling Garbage and Food in the Same Vehicles (No. RCED-90-161). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent, C., 2010. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian lens (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, R., 2017. Russia Signs Agreement Expanding Syrian Bases. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McDowell, 2011; Pimm and van Aarde, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pimm and van Aarde, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmid et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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