How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., 2003. Drug target validation: Hitting the target. Nature 422, 341, 343, 345 passim.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandonia, J.-M., Brenner, S.E., 2006. The impact of structural genomics: expectations and outcomes. Science 311, 347–351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubal, D.P., Holze, R., Gomez-Romero, P., 2014. Development of hybrid materials based on sponge supported reduced graphene oxide and transition metal hydroxides for hybrid energy storage devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 7349.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coxall, H.K., Wilson, P.A., Pälike, H., Lear, C.H., Backman, J., 2005. Rapid stepwise onset of Antarctic glaciation and deeper calcite compensation in the Pacific Ocean. Nature 433, 53–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weller, R.B., Hunter, H.J.A., Mann, M.W., 2014. Clinical Dermatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Daly, P., Reid, K., Buckley, P., Doyle, E. (Eds.), 2016. Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning, Advances in Business Education and Training. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Geman, H., 2008. Stochastic Clock and Financial Markets, in: Yor, M. (Ed.), Aspects of Mathematical Finance. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Watch Two Astronauts Live On Their Spacewalk Outside The ISS [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (No. GAO-03-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, D.A., 2010. Cancer: Modeling the distribution of sizes of detectable metastases (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2009. From Educators, Caution on Parent Fund-Raisers and Foundations. New York Times LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chandonia and Brenner, 2006; Smith, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chandonia and Brenner, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Coxall et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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