How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, A.C., 2001. Reef corals bleach to survive change. Nature 411, 765–766.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reinhard, C.T., Planavsky, N.J., 2011. Mineralogical constraints on Precambrian pCO2. Nature 474, E1-2; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wynn, T.A., Chawla, A., Pollard, J.W., 2013. Macrophage biology in development, homeostasis and disease. Nature 496, 445–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miller, S.A., Collettini, C., Chiaraluce, L., Cocco, M., Barchi, M., Kaus, B.J.P., 2004. Aftershocks driven by a high-pressure CO2 source at depth. Nature 427, 724–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop, J., Girma, D., Irvine, J., 2013. Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Chen, H. (Ed.), 2011. Large Research Infrastructures Development in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Stan, A., Pop, F.-C., Cremene, M., Giurgiu, M., Pallez, D., 2012. Interactive Intonation Optimisation Using CMA-ES and DCT Parameterisation of the F0 Contour for Speech Synthesis, in: Pelta, D.A., Krasnogor, N., Dumitrescu, D., Chira, C., Lung, R. (Eds.), Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2011), Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. The Human Brain Has A “Super” Capacity To Recognise Faces — And Neuroscientists, Psychologists, And Police Are Just Starting To Figure Out Why [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Metropolitan Planning Organizations: Options Exist to Enhance Transportation Planning Capacity and Federal Oversight (No. GAO-09-868). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McIlwain, C.J., 2017. Defense Institutional Building - Integrating the Work (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman, M., 2017. In the Bronx, Tennis for Everyone. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2001; Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reinhard and Planavsky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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