How to format your references using the Phytochemistry Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Phytochemistry Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson, E.H., 2010. Emerging properties of animal gene regulatory networks. Nature 468, 911–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexandrakis, G., Poulos, S.Ε., 2014. An holistic approach to beach erosion vulnerability assessment. Sci. Rep. 4, 6078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmberg, J., Clarke, D.L., Frisén, J., 2000. Regulation of repulsion versus adhesion by different splice forms of an Eph receptor. Nature 408, 203–206.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Avinun-Kalish, M., Heiblum, M., Zarchin, O., Mahalu, D., Umansky, V., 2005. Crossover from “mesoscopic” to “universal” phase for electron transmission in quantum dots. Nature 436, 529–533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg, S.M., 2009. Controllership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rajendram, R., Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B. (Eds.), 2015. Glutamine in Clinical Nutrition, Nutrition and Health. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Martin, T.A., 2007. Tight junctions and metastasis of breast cancer, in: Mansel, R.E., Fodstad, O., Jiang, W.G. (Eds.), Metastasis of Breast Cancer, Cancer Metastasis – Biology and Treatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 77–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Phytochemistry Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. “Hypervelocity stars” escaping the Milky Way could represent entirely new class [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL“hypervelocity-stars”-escaping-milky-way-could-represent-entirely-new-class/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Space Transportation: Challenges Facing NASA’s Space Launch Initiative (No. GAO-02-1020). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemay, M., 2009. Understanding the mechanism of panel attrition (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. A Puerto Rican Utility Makes Progress Toward a Debt Deal. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Alexandrakis and Poulos, 2014; Davidson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexandrakis and Poulos, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Avinun-Kalish et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhytochemistry Letters
AbbreviationPhytochem. Lett.
ISSN (print)1874-3900
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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