How to format your references using the Eye and Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye and Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. Biosphere owner sues sponsor. Nature. 2003;422:461.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Murray J, Segall P. Testing time-predictable earthquake recurrence by direct measurement of strain accumulation and release. Nature. 2002;419:287–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Reinfelder JR, Kraepiel AM, Morel FM. Unicellular C4 photosynthesis in a marine diatom. Nature. 2000;407:996–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hayashi M, Thomas L, Moriya R, Rettner C, Parkin SSP. Current-controlled magnetic domain-wall nanowire shift register. Science. 2008;320:209–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pandya R. Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Howlett RJ, Jain LC, Lee SH, editors. Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Results of the Second International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB’10). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bailly C, Comte-Bellot G. Vortex Dynamics. In: Comte-Bellot G, editor. Turbulence. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 113–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye and Vision.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA Needs to Strengthen the Management of Its Designee Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Oct. Report No.: GAO-05-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gonzales RA. Health care team effectiveness: The relationship between team task interdependence and group emotional competence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. La GORCE T. He Arrived as Reba McEntire. That Seemed to Work. New York Times. 2017 May 19;ST13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEye and Vision
AbbreviationEye Vis. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)2326-0254

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