How to format your references using the Eye and Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Eye and Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Grayson M. Chagas disease. Nature. 2010;465:S3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Horvitz E, Mulligan D. Policy forum. Data, privacy, and the greater good. Science. 2015;349:253–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Song J, Gao X, Galán JE. Structure and function of the Salmonella Typhi chimaeric A(2)B(5) typhoid toxin. Nature. 2013;499:350–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huber DL, Manginell RP, Samara MA, Kim B-I, Bunker BC. Programmed adsorption and release of proteins in a microfluidic device. Science. 2003;301:352–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Mashadi B, Crolla D. Vehicle Powertrain Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Baars HF, Doevendans PAFM, Houweling AC, van Tintelen JP, editors. Clinical Cardiogenetics. 2nd ed. 2017. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ernst R, Linsenmair KE, Thomas R, Rödel M-O. Amphibian communities in disturbed forests: lessons from the Neo- and Afrotropics. In: Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A, editors. Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins: Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 59–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Eye and Vision.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How To Build A Virtual Reality System – In Your Living Room [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:–-your-living-room/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: External Tank Procurement Does Not Comply With Competition in Contracting Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Dec. Report No.: NSIAD-89-62.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wager L. Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Taking His Off-Season Cuts, Conforto Leaves Demotions Behind. New York Times. 2017 Mar 7;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEye and Vision
AbbreviationEye Vis. (Lond.)
ISSN (online)2326-0254

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