How to format your references using the Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lazar MA. Developmental biology. How now, brown fat? Science 321: 1048–1049, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rickaby REM, Halloran P. Cool La Niña during the warmth of the Pliocene? Science 307: 1948–1952, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Berner RA, Vandenbrooks JM, Ward PD. Evolution. Oxygen and evolution. Science 316: 557–558, 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Gaskell G, Einsiedel E, Hallman W, Priest SH, Jackson J, Olsthoorn J. Communication. Social values and the governance of science. Science 310: 1908–1909, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
The American Ceramic Society. Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
1.
Samorì P, editor. STM and AFM Studies on (Bio)molecular Systems: Unravelling the Nanoworld. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Motschnig-Pitrik R, Nykl L. An Interactive Cognitive-Emotional Model of the Person-Centered Approach. In: Interdisciplinary Handbook of the Person-Centered Approach: Research and Theory, edited by Cornelius-White JHD, Motschnig-Pitrik R, Lux M. New York, NY: Springer, 2013, p. 37–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Protect Your Privacy During Turbulent Times: A Hacker’s Guide To Being Cyber-Safe [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/protect-your-privacy-during-turbulent-times-a-hackers-guide-to-being-cybersafe/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Years 1998 and 1997 Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jones LJ. From Corbin and Hillman to Dionysos: The Partial Unveiling of Psyche’s Stage. Pacifica Graduate Institute: 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Harris K. Commuter Wear. New York Times: ST3, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiology
AbbreviationPhysiology (Bethesda)
ISSN (print)1548-9213
ISSN (online)1548-9221
ScopePhysiology

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