How to format your references using the Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cole M. Poison in party pills is too much to swallow. Nature 474: 253, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blázquez MA, Weigel D. Integration of floral inductive signals in Arabidopsis. Nature 404: 889–892, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gottfried JA, O’Doherty J, Dolan RJ. Encoding predictive reward value in human amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex. Science 301: 1104–1107, 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Reinhard CT, Raiswell R, Scott C, Anbar AD, Lyons TW. A late Archean sulfidic sea stimulated by early oxidative weathering of the continents. Science 326: 713–716, 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Retherford RD, Choe MK. Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1993.
An edited book
1.
Li Z, Vulkov L, Waśniewski J, editors. Numerical Analysis and Its Applications: Third International Conference, NAA 2004, Rousse, Bulgaria, June 29-July 3, 2004, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Meganck S, Leray P, Manderick B. Causal Graphical Models with Latent Variables: Learning and Inference. In: Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty: 9th European Conference, ECSQARU 2007, Hammamet, Tunisia, October 31 - November 2, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Mellouli K. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007, p. 5–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiology.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. How Deadly Is Your Dog’s Saliva? IFLScience IFLScience: 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Olson BA. Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework. George Washington University: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Marx L. That Gravy Boat Has Sailed. New York Times: ST10, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 4, 6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiology
AbbreviationPhysiology (Bethesda)
ISSN (print)1548-9213
ISSN (online)1548-9221
ScopePhysiology

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