How to format your references using the Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dixit V. Jürg Tschopp (1951-2011). Nature 472: 296, 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hall PS, Kincaid C. Diapiric flow at subduction zones: a recipe for rapid transport. Science 292: 2472–2475, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Davies JP, Chen FW, Ioannou YA. Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science 290: 2295–2298, 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Sanyal S, Sandstrom DJ, Hoeffer CA, Ramaswami M. AP-1 functions upstream of CREB to control synaptic plasticity in Drosophila. Nature 416: 870–874, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Thyagarajan KS. Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1.
Cao J, Yang LT, Guo M, Lau F, editors. Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications: Second International Symposium, ISPA 2004, Hong Kong, China, December 13-15, 2004. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Aguilar Chinea RM, Castilla Rodríguez I, Muñoz González RC. Hospital Resource Management. In: Simulation-Based Case Studies in Logistics: Education and Applied Research, edited by Merkuryev Y, Merkuryeva G, Piera MÀ, Guasch A. London: Springer, 2009, p. 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. This Is Jupiter As You’ve Never Seen It Before [Online]. IFLScience IFLScience: 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/this-is-jupiter-as-youve-never-seen-it-before/ [30 Oct. 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Improvements in the Direct Loan Consolidation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ford VF. An Exploratory Investigation of the Relationship between Turnover Intentions, Work Exhaustion and Disengagement among IT Professionals in a Single Institution of Higher Education in a Major Metropolitan Area. George Washington University: 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Injuries Gain Attention As Football Feels Pain. New York Times: B15, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4–6, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiology
AbbreviationPhysiology (Bethesda)
ISSN (print)1548-9213
ISSN (online)1548-9221
ScopePhysiology

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