How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk, S. (2001). Sandia scientists develop instruments at the crossroads. Nature, 410(6824), 128–129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, W., & Nelson, N. (2005). Structural biology. Nature’s rotary electromotors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5722), 642–644.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa, H. I., Chang, C. J., & Long, J. R. (2010). A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature, 464(7293), 1329–1333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Faraci, G., Pennisi, A. R., Alberti, A., Ruggeri, R., & Mannino, G. (2013). Giant photoluminescence emission in crystalline faceted Si grains. Scientific Reports, 3, 2674.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaseghi, S. V. (2001). Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fernandes, P. R., & Bártolo, P. J. (Eds.). (2011). Advances on Modeling in Tissue Engineering (Vol. 20). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yeshurun, R. (2013). Middle Paleolithic Prey Choice Inferred from a Natural Pitfall Trap: Rantis Cave, Israel. In J. L. Clark & J. D. Speth (Eds.), Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins: Human Hunting Behavior during the Later Pleistocene (pp. 45–58). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 10). Scientists Unlock Secrets Of Earth’s Inner Core. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Program Shows Success But Can Be Strengthened (T-RCED-92-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko, E. J. (2017). Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2017, October 28). Unflinching Faith Moors 2 Victims of Hurricane Sandy in Life’s Storms. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bunk, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bunk, 2001; Junge & Nelson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge & Nelson, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Karunadasa et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Faraci et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Child Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0965
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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