How to format your references using the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Power, S. B. (2014). Climate science: Expulsion from history. Nature, 511(7507), 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford, A. W., & Boussac, A. (2004). Biochemistry. Water photolysis in biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1782–1784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benham-Pyle, B. W., Pruitt, B. L., & Nelson, W. J. (2015). Cell adhesion. Mechanical strain induces E-cadherin-dependent Yap1 and β-catenin activation to drive cell cycle entry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6238), 1024–1027.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
King-Casas, B., Tomlin, D., Anen, C., Camerer, C. F., Quartz, S. R., & Montague, P. R. (2005). Getting to know you: reputation and trust in a two-person economic exchange. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 78–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burghardt, G., & Walls, B. (2011). Managed Futures for Institutional Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pinto, A. A. (2009). Fine Structures of Hyperbolic Diffeomorphisms (D. A. Rand & F. Ferreira, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wan, K., Alagar, V., & Paquet, J. (2006). An Architecture for Developing Context-Aware Systems. In T. R. Roth-Berghofer, S. Schulz, & D. B. Leake (Eds.), Modeling and Retrieval of Context: Second International Workshop, MRC 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 31–August 1, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 48–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 3). Can You Guess What Object Is In These Microscopic Images? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area (GAO-03-234). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cline, D. (2012). Criminal faces: Clinical experiences of forensic artists [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016, December 2). Doctor-Turned-Artist Reveals Holy City’s Hidden Side. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Power, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Power, 2014; Rutherford & Boussac, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford & Boussac, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Benham-Pyle et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (King-Casas et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Child Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0965
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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