How to format your references using the European Early Childhood Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, Rick K. 2012. “Retrospective. Elinor Ostrom (1933-2012).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6095): 661.
A journal article with 2 authors
Segers, Vincent F. M., and Richard T. Lee. 2008. “Stem-Cell Therapy for Cardiac Disease.” Nature 451 (7181): 937–942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Travis, David J., Andrew M. Carleton, and Ryan G. Lauritsen. 2002. “Contrails Reduce Daily Temperature Range.” Nature 418 (6898): 601.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Jung Woon, Carley Chandler, Michael Stadler, Daniela Kampen, and Benjamin List. 2008. “Proline-Catalysed Mannich Reactions of Acetaldehyde.” Nature 452 (7186): 453–455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavagnini, Irma, Franco Magno, Roberta Seraglia, and Pietro Traldi. 2006. Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Siddiqi, Kaleem, and Stephen M. Pizer, eds. 2008. Medial Representations: Mathematics, Algorithms and Applications. Vol. 37. Computational Imaging and Vision. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Duyndam, Joachim. 2009. “Sincerely Me. Enjoyment and the Truth of Hedonism.” In Radical Passivity: Rethinking Ethical Agency in Levinas, edited by Benda Hofmeyr, 67–78. Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. “See If You Can Solve These 6 Fiendish Brain-Teasers Written By NSA Employees.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Survey of the Pricing of a NASA Contract with Eldec Corporation. 089013. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gjelaj Merturi, Elizabeth. 2010. “The Perceptions of Principal-Based Leadership Practices on Student Reading Achievement.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2007. “State Using Green Funds to Buy Parcel in Arrow Park.” New York Times, May 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson 2012; Segers and Lee 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Segers and Lee 2008)
  • Three authors: (Travis, Carleton, and Lauritsen 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
AbbreviationEur. Early Child. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1350-293X
ISSN (online)1752-1807
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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