How to format your references using the European Early Childhood Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heckenberger, Michael. 2009. “Journal Club. An Archaeologist Looks at South America’s Early Complex Societies.” Nature 458 (7239): 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stumpf, Michael P. H., and Mason A. Porter. 2012. “Mathematics. Critical Truths about Power Laws.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6069): 665–666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siegel, Markus, Timothy J. Buschman, and Earl K. Miller. 2015. “Cortical Information Flow during Flexible Sensorimotor Decisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6241): 1352–1355.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Krockenberger, Yoshiharu, Hiroshi Irie, Osamu Matsumoto, Keitaro Yamagami, Masaya Mitsuhashi, Akio Tsukada, Michio Naito, and Hideki Yamamoto. 2013. “Emerging Superconductivity Hidden beneath Charge-Transfer Insulators.” Scientific Reports 3: 2235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun, Andrè P. 2012. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Baddeley, Adrian. 2007. Stochastic Geometry: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Martina Franca, Italy, September 13–18, 2004. Edited by Imre Bárány, Rolf Schneider, and Wolfgang Weil. Vol. 1892. Lecture Notes in Mathematics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yilbas, Bekir Sami, and Shahzada Zaman Shuja. 2013. “Laser Induced Evaporation at the Surface.” In Laser Surface Processing and Model Studies, edited by Shahzada Zaman Shuja, 81–110. Materials Forming, Machining and Tribology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. “Why Are Cats So Insanely Afraid Of Cucumbers?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Trainer Aircraft: Plans to Replace the Existing Fleet. NSIAD-89-94. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, Valin Skye. 2017. “A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “Take Every Wave: The Life of Laird Hamilton.” New York Times, October 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heckenberger 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Heckenberger 2009; Stumpf and Porter 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stumpf and Porter 2012)
  • Three authors: (Siegel, Buschman, and Miller 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Krockenberger et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
AbbreviationEur. Early Child. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1350-293X
ISSN (online)1752-1807
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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