How to format your references using the European Early Childhood Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Firestein, Gary S. 2007. “Biomedicine. Every Joint Has a Silver Lining.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5814): 952–953.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Donglin, and Gang Su. 2014. “New Strategy to Promote Conversion Efficiency Using High-Index Nanostructures in Thin-Film Solar Cells.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamano, Keiko, Yutaka Abe, and Hidenori Genda. 2013. “Emergence of Two Types of Terrestrial Planet on Solidification of Magma Ocean.” Nature 497 (7451): 607–610.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McNab, Fiona, Andrea Varrone, Lars Farde, Aurelija Jucaite, Paulina Bystritsky, Hans Forssberg, and Torkel Klingberg. 2009. “Changes in Cortical Dopamine D1 Receptor Binding Associated with Cognitive Training.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5915): 800–802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colin, Andrew. 2005. Fixed Income Attribution. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Das, Abhijit. 2016. Socio-Economic Analysis of Arsenic Contamination of Groundwater in West Bengal. Edited by Joyashree Roy and Sayantan Chakraborti. 1st ed. 2016. India Studies in Business and Economics. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Maher, Carolyn A., Manjit K. Sran, and Dina Yankelewitz. 2010. “Building an Inductive Argument.” In Combinatorics and Reasoning: Representing, Justifying and Building Isomorphisms, edited by Carolyn A. Maher, Arthur B. Powell, and Elizabeth B. Uptegrove, 45–57. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “What’s The Most Powerful Natural Disaster That The World Has Ever Experienced?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Monitoring of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. GAO-13-624. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cervantes, Ignacio. 2013. “Flexural Retrofitting of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Green Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Plates.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “Syndergaard Has to Take Mets’ Offer.” New York Times, March 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Firestein 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Firestein 2007; Wang and Su 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Su 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hamano, Abe, and Genda 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (McNab et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
AbbreviationEur. Early Child. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1350-293X
ISSN (online)1752-1807
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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