How to format your references using the European Early Childhood Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boswell, Ray. 2009. “Engineering. Is Gas Hydrate Energy within Reach?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5943): 957–958.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrahamsen, Hilde, and Harald Stenmark. 2011. “Cell Biology. Growth Signaling from Inside.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6056): 611–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meza, Lucas R., Satyajit Das, and Julia R. Greer. 2014. “Strong, Lightweight, and Recoverable Three-Dimensional Ceramic Nanolattices.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6202): 1322–1326.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ling, Kun, Renee L. Doughman, Ari J. Firestone, Matthew W. Bunce, and Richard A. Anderson. 2002. “Type I Gamma Phosphatidylinositol Phosphate Kinase Targets and Regulates Focal Adhesions.” Nature 420 (6911): 89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, Robert R. 2013. Executive’s Guide to IT Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fleischmann, Albert, Werner Schmidt, and Christian Stary, eds. 2015. S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Filgueiras, Ernesto, Francisco Rebelo, and Fernando Moreira da Silva. 2011. “Human-Computer Interaction in Office Work: Evaluation of Interaction Patterns Using Office Equipment and Software during Data Entry and Navigation.” In Ergonomics and Health Aspects of Work with Computers: International Conference, EHAWC 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Michelle M. Robertson, 40–48. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2017. “T. Rex Ants Seen Alive For First Time.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Federal-Aid Highways: FHWA Needs a Comprehensive Approach to Improving Project Oversight. GAO-05-173. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kellogg, Anthony. 2010. “Hospital Lean and Six Sigma: Is There a Financial Benefit?” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, James. 2017. “John Platt, 80, U.S. Spy Who Befriended Foe.” New York Times, February 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boswell 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Boswell 2009; Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrahamsen and Stenmark 2011)
  • Three authors: (Meza, Das, and Greer 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ling et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
AbbreviationEur. Early Child. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1350-293X
ISSN (online)1752-1807
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles