How to format your references using the European Early Childhood Education Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olveczky, Bence P. 2014. “Neuroscience: Ordered Randomness in Fly Love Songs.” Nature 507 (7491): 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crawley, M. J., and J. E. Harral. 2001. “Scale Dependence in Plant Biodiversity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5505): 864–868.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Hao, Yongmao Pei, and Daining Fang. 2014. “Magnetic Field Tunable Small-Scale Mechanical Properties of Nickel Single Crystals Measured by Nanoindentation Technique.” Scientific Reports 4 (April): 4583.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lu, Qing-Bin, Ying Wo, Li-Yuan Wang, Hong-Yu Wang, Dou-Dou Huang, Xiao-Ai Zhang, Wei Liu, and Wu-Chun Cao. 2014. “Molecular Epidemiology of Human Rhinovirus in Children with Acute Respiratory Diseases in Chongqing, China.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, Marius, and Titu Băjenescu. 2011. Failure Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Steel, Gill, ed. 2016. Power in Contemporary Japan. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Mobilio, Settimio. 2015. “Introduction to Matter Radiation Interaction.” In Synchrotron Radiation: Basics, Methods and Applications, edited by Settimio Mobilio, Federico Boscherini, and Carlo Meneghini, 107–143. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Early Childhood Education Research Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What The Hell Is Going On In This Lake?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. P.L. 480 Title I Transportation Issues. T-NSIAD-90-8. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saperstein, Alice Meredith. 2009. “Susceptibility to Smoking and Nicotine Dependence in Schizophrenia.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2008. “Justices Block New Hearing for Mexican.” New York Times, March 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olveczky 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Olveczky 2014; Crawley and Harral 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Crawley and Harral 2001)
  • Three authors: (Zhou, Pei, and Fang 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Early Childhood Education Research Journal
AbbreviationEur. Early Child. Educ. Res. J.
ISSN (print)1350-293X
ISSN (online)1752-1807
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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