How to format your references using the Current Heart Failure Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Heart Failure Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Halliday AN. Mixing, volatile loss and compositional change during impact-driven accretion of the Earth. Nature. 2004;427:505–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stechmann A, Cavalier-Smith T. Rooting the eukaryote tree by using a derived gene fusion. Science. 2002;297:89–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D. Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science. 2006;311:614–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lainey V, Arlot J-E, Karatekin O, Van Hoolst T. Strong tidal dissipation in Io and Jupiter from astrometric observations. Nature. 2009;459:957–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Behme S. Manufacturing of Pharmaceutical Proteins. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1. Gayrard V, Kistler N, editors. Correlated Random Systems: Five Different Methods: CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair, Spring 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fischer V, Ruzhansky M. Quantization on graded Lie groups. In: Ruzhansky M, editor. Quantization on Nilpotent Lie Groups. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 271–426.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Heart Failure Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Higgs Physics Should Have Destroyed Universe [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/higgs-physics-should-have-destroyed-universe/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control System: Selected Stakeholders’ Perspectives on Operations, Modernization, and Structure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Sep. Report No.: GAO-14-770.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gogri D. Effect of Water Hardness on Adsorption of Lead From Aqueous Solutions Using Douglas Fir Biochar [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Johnston K. Quotation of the Day. New York Times. 2011 Apr 20;A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Heart Failure Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Heart Fail. Rep.
ISSN (print)1546-9530
ISSN (online)1546-9549
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles