How to format your references using the Current Heart Failure Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Heart Failure Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Berkley S. Share the risks of Ebola vaccine development. Nature. 2015;519:263.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gonnermann HM, Mukhopadhyay S. Non-equilibrium degassing and a primordial source for helium in ocean-island volcanism. Nature. 2007;449:1037–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tang C, Schwieters CD, Clore GM. Open-to-closed transition in apo maltose-binding protein observed by paramagnetic NMR. Nature. 2007;449:1078–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Matsumoto A, Comatas KE, Liu L, Stamler JS. Screening for nitric oxide-dependent protein-protein interactions. Science. 2003;301:657–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Narang RK. Inside the Black Box. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Reale E, Primeri E, editors. The Transformation of University Institutional and Organizational Boundaries. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kozlova M, Nejdl J, Albrecht M, Sebban S, Gautier J, Ta Phuoc K, et al. Overview of Development of Laser Driven Secondary Sources at PALS and ELI. In: Rocca J, Menoni C, Marconi M, editors. X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Heart Failure Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Mining Conquistadors Caused Air Pollution 200 Years Before The Industrial Revolution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/mining-conquistadors-caused-air-pollution-200-years-industrial-revolution/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Evaluation of DOD Comments Re: DOD Instruction 5000.5X, Standard Instruction Set Architectures for Embedded Computers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 May. Report No.: B-199008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dinh H. A study of cell-based genetic algorithms with applications to neural networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vlasic B. Detroit’s Chief Instigator. New York Times. 2015 May 24;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Heart Failure Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Heart Fail. Rep.
ISSN (print)1546-9530
ISSN (online)1546-9549
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles