How to format your references using the Current Heart Failure Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Heart Failure Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Nguyen TH. Security. Microchallenges of chemical weapons proliferation. Science. 2005;309:1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Keith DW, Farrell AE. Environmental science. Rethinking hydrogen cars. Science. 2003;301:315–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liljeroth P, Repp J, Meyer G. Current-induced hydrogen tautomerization and conductance switching of naphthalocyanine molecules. Science. 2007;317:1203–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chunyu T, Xiujun P, Zhengjun F, Xia Z, Feihu Z. Corneal collagen cross-linking in keratoconus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5652.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Callard F, Sartorius N, Arboleda-Flórez J, Bartlett P, Helmchen H, Stuart H, et al. Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Shaw R, Mallick F, Islam A, editors. Climate Change Adaptation Actions in Bangladesh. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Overgaard M, Sandberg K. Kinds of Access: Different Methods for Report Reveal Different Kinds of Metacognitive Access. In: Fleming SM, Frith CD, editors. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Heart Failure Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Researchers Discover The Same Swimming Technique In Over Two Dozen Unrelated Sea Creatures [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-dozen-wildly-different-sea-creatures-arrived-same-swimming-solution/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Public Education: Issues Involving Single-Gender Schools and Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 May. Report No.: HEHS-96-122.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gao S. Characterization of the TAT cell penetrating peptide and directed evolution of new cell penetrating peptides for protein and nucleotide delivery to neuronal -like cells [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Nassau Comptroller Warns County on Finances. New York Times. 2007 Mar 11;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Heart Failure Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Heart Fail. Rep.
ISSN (print)1546-9530
ISSN (online)1546-9549
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles