How to format your references using the Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett BC (2004) Chemistry. Ions at the air/water interface. Science 303:1146–1147
A journal article with 2 authors
Begun DR, Ward CV (2005) Comment on “Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a new Middle Miocene great ape from Spain.” Science 308:203; author reply 203
A journal article with 3 authors
Iyengar VK, Reeve HK, Eisner T (2002) Paternal inheritance of a female moth’s mating preference. Nature 419:830–832
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kenichi T, Kyoko S, Hiroshi F, Mitsuko O (2003) Modulated structure of solid iodine during its molecular dissociation under high pressure. Nature 423:971–974

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown M, Cutler TJ (2012) Haematology Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Usunoff KG (2006) Functional Neuroanatomy of Pain. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zarghami M, Szidarovszky F (2011) Social Choice Methods. In: Szidarovszky F (ed) Multicriteria Analysis: Applications to Water and Environment Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Bleaching Of The Great Barrier Reef Seen From Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Electronic Government: Selected Agency Plans for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Born KB (2012) Student and Principal Perceptions of the California High School Proficiency Examination in Community Schools: A Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Maybe Bradley Should Make the First Move. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garrett 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Garrett 2004; Begun and Ward 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Begun and Ward 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kenichi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
AbbreviationPhysiol. Mol. Biol. Plants
ISSN (print)0971-5894
ISSN (online)0974-0430
ScopePlant Science
Molecular Biology

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