How to format your references using the International Strategic Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Strategic Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2005). High-energy career lines. Nature, 434(7035), 936–937.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard, J., & Hyman, A. A. (2003). Dynamics and mechanics of the microtubule plus end. Nature, 422(6933), 753–758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parsons, T., Ji, C., & Kirby, E. (2008). Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin. Nature, 454(7203), 509–510.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kruhlak, M., Crouch, E. E., Orlov, M., Montaño, C., Gorski, S. A., Nussenzweig, A., … Casellas, R. (2007). The ATM repair pathway inhibits RNA polymerase I transcription in response to chromosome breaks. Nature, 447(7145), 730–734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2015). Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Borowik, B. (2013). Theory of Digital Automata (M. Karpinskyy, V. Lahno, & O. Petrov, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Roland, C. M., & Casalini, R. (2010). Reorientational Relaxation Time at the Onset of Intermolecular Cooperativity. In S. Rzoska, A. Drozd-Rzoska, & V. Mazur (Eds.), Metastable Systems under Pressure (pp. 53–61). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Strategic Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 8). How Does The Lexus Hoverboard Actually Work? A Scientist Explains.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties (No. GAO-16-359). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, C. M. (2014). Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., & Cooper, M. (2012, July 17). Gloomy Forecast for States, Even if Economy Rebounds. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin, 2005; Howard & Hyman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Howard & Hyman, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Parsons, Ji, & Kirby, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kruhlak et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Strategic Management Review
AbbreviationInt. Strat. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2306-7748

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