How to format your references using the International Strategic Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Strategic Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogt, M. (2015). ECOLOGY. Adrift in an ocean of change. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6267), 1466–1468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golz, J., & MacLeod, D. I. A. (2002). Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy. Nature, 415(6872), 637–640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, D., Son, S.-W., & Jeong, H. (2014). Large-scale quantitative analysis of painting arts. Scientific Reports, 4, 7370.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Avinoam, O., Fridman, K., Valansi, C., Abutbul, I., Zeev-Ben-Mordehai, T., Maurer, U. E., Sapir, A., Danino, D., Grünewald, K., White, J. M., & Podbilewicz, B. (2011). Conserved eukaryotic fusogens can fuse viral envelopes to cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6029), 589–592.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coussy, O. (2005). Poromechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sun, F., Zhang, J., Tan, Y., Cao, J., & Yu, W. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in Neural Networks - ISNN 2008: 5th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2008, Beijing, China, September 24-28, 2008, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 5264). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Derval, D., & Bremer, J. (2012). Find the Perfect Balance. In J. Bremer (Ed.), Hormones, Talent, and Career: Unlock Your Hormonal Quotient® (pp. 71–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Strategic Management Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 9). Brazil’s Sewage Woes Reflect The Growing Global Water Quality Crisis. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Better Management and More Resources Needed To Strengthen Federal Efforts To Improve Pregnancy Outcome (HRD-80-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faughn, C. E. (2014). Social and Physical Cognition in Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes ): Preliminary Investigation of Domain-General versus Domain-Specific Intelligence [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2002, October 17). Tatyana M. Velikanova, 70, Soviet Human Rights Activist. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vogt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Golz & MacLeod, 2002; Vogt, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golz & MacLeod, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Avinoam et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Strategic Management Review
AbbreviationInt. Strat. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2306-7748

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