How to format your references using the International Strategic Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Strategic Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matsui, W. (2011). Perspective: A model disease. Nature, 480(7377), S58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiens, D. A., & Snider, N. O. (2001). Repeating deep earthquakes: evidence for fault reactivation at great depth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1463–1466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salganik, M. J., Dodds, P. S., & Watts, D. J. (2006). Experimental study of inequality and unpredictability in an artificial cultural market. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 854–856.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Le Masson, G., Renaud-Le Masson, S., Debay, D., & Bal, T. (2002). Feedback inhibition controls spike transfer in hybrid thalamic circuits. Nature, 417(6891), 854–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1995). Guidelines for Process Safety Documentation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Popper, A. N. (2014). ASA S3/SC1.4 TR-2014 Sound Exposure Guidelines for Fishes and Sea Turtles: A Technical Report prepared by ANSI-Accredited Standards Committee S3/SC1 and registered with ANSI (A. D. Hawkins, R. R. Fay, D. A. Mann, S. Bartol, T. J. Carlson, S. Coombs, W. T. Ellison, R. L. Gentry, M. B. Halvorsen, S. Løkkeborg, P. H. Rogers, B. L. Southall, D. G. Zeddies, & W. N. Tavolga, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fleenor, B. S., & Berrones, A. J. (2015). Interventions to Destiffen Arteries. In A. J. Berrones (Ed.), Arterial Stiffness: Implications and Interventions (pp. 43–57). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Strategic Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 1). Do Rats Dream of the Future? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Perchlorate: Occurrence Is Widespread but at Varying Levels; Federal Agencies Have Taken Some Actions to Respond to and Lessen Releases (GAO-10-769). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krau, C. F. (2008). A case study of congregational design and implementation of adult Christian education [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Graham, R. (2017, July 18). ‘A Second Chance at Choice.’ New York Times, MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matsui, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Matsui, 2011; Wiens & Snider, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiens & Snider, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Salganik et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Le Masson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Strategic Management Review
AbbreviationInt. Strat. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2306-7748

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