How to format your references using the International Strategic Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Strategic Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Verduzco, R. (2015). Actuating materials. Shape-shifting liquid crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6225), 949–950.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wright, K. P., Jr, & Czeisler, C. A. (2002). Absence of circadian phase resetting in response to bright light behind the knees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moran, N. A., McLaughlin, H. J., & Sorek, R. (2009). The dynamics and time scale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5912), 379–382.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kaitsuka, T., Katagiri, C., Beesetty, P., Nakamura, K., Hourani, S., Tomizawa, K., … Matsushita, M. (2014). Inactivation of TRPM7 kinase activity does not impair its channel function in mice. Scientific Reports, 4, 5718.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, A. (2015). The Complete Software Project Manager. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Scales, D. C., & Rubenfeld, G. D. (Eds.). (2014). The Organization of Critical Care: An Evidence-Based Approach to Improving Quality (Vol. 18). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rätsch, G. (2006). The Solution of Semi-Infinite Linear Programs Using Boosting-Like Methods. In L. Todorovski, N. Lavrač, & K. P. Jantke (Eds.), Discovery Science: 9th International Conference, DS 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 15–15). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Strategic Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 11). Shark Week Drinking Game. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Taxpayer Information: Options Exist to Enable Data Sharing Between IRS and USCIS but Each Presents Challenges (No. GAO-06-100). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, S. A. (2014). Dispersed Social Work: Understanding Social Presence and Organizational Identification Through the Use of New Communication Technologies (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2009, March 1). From Educators, Caution on Parent Fund-Raisers and Foundations. New York Times, p. LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Verduzco, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Verduzco, 2015, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wright & Czeisler, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Moran, McLaughlin, & Sorek, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kaitsuka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Strategic Management Review
AbbreviationInt. Strat. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2306-7748

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