How to format your references using the International Strategic Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Strategic Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Downward, J. (2006). Signal transduction. Prelude to an anniversary for the RAS oncogene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 433–434.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krasnopolsky, V. A., & Feldman, P. D. (2001). Detection of molecular hydrogen in the atmosphere of Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1914–1917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohmann, C., Myhr, K. L., & Wong, R. O. L. (2002). Transmitter-evoked local calcium release stabilizes developing dendrites. Nature, 418(6894), 177–181.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Saeij, J. P. J., Coller, S., Boyle, J. P., Jerome, M. E., White, M. W., & Boothroyd, J. C. (2007). Toxoplasma co-opts host gene expression by injection of a polymorphic kinase homologue. Nature, 445(7125), 324–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ippolito, L. J., Jr. (2008). Satellite Communications Systems Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Arthur, D. W., Vicini, F. A., Wazer, D. E., & Khan, A. J. (Eds.). (2016). Short Course Breast Radiotherapy: A Comprehensive Review of Hypofractionation, Partial Breast, and Intra-Operative Irradiation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sfetsos, A. (2011). A Comprehensive Overview of Short Term Wind Forecasting Models Based on Time Series Analysis. In K. Gopalakrishnan, S. K. Khaitan, & S. Kalogirou (Eds.), Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems (pp. 97–116). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Strategic Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 27). Griffin the Parrot Demonstrates the Ability to Share. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Public Transportation: Future Demand Is Likely for New Starts and Small Starts Programs, but Improvements Needed to the Small Starts Application Process (No. GAO-07-917). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henry, A. G. (2010). Plant foods and the dietary ecology of Neandertals and modern humans (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman, W. (2014, May 26). Peace-Talk Critic Takes Lead in Colombia Presidential Vote. New York Times, p. A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Downward, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Downward, 2006; Krasnopolsky & Feldman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krasnopolsky & Feldman, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Lohmann, Myhr, & Wong, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Saeij et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Strategic Management Review
AbbreviationInt. Strat. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2306-7748

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