How to format your references using the Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
U.D. Schwarz, Tribology. Tracking antiwear film formation, Science. 348 (2015) 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.A. Cowan, M. Henkemeyer, The SH2/SH3 adaptor Grb4 transduces B-ephrin reverse signals, Nature. 413 (2001) 174–179.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.A. McKee, F.J. Walker, M.F. Chisholm, Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide, Science. 293 (2001) 468–471.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.T. Sack, J.A. Camprodon, A. Pascual-Leone, R. Goebel, The dynamics of interhemispheric compensatory processes in mental imagery, Science. 308 (2005) 702–704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.D. Chiasson, Geothermal Heat Pump and Heat Engine Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
H. Brunst, M.S. Müller, W.E. Nagel, M.M. Resch, eds., Tools for High Performance Computing 2011: Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2011, ZIH, Dresden, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Palmer-Brown, C. Jayne, Hypercube Neural Network Algorithm for Classification, in: L. Iliadis, C. Jayne (Eds.), Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 12th INNS EANN-SIG International Conference, EANN 2011 and 7th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2011, Corfu, Greece, September 15-18, 2011, Proceedings Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology.

Blog post
R. Andrews, New Drug Wards Off Advanced Pancreatic Cancer By Sending Immune System Into Overdrive, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Pipeline Safety: Department of Transportation Needs to Complete Regulatory, Data, and Guidance Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. McGaughey, Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Kelly, I Make G.M.O. Food. Label It, New York Times. (2016) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiological and Molecular Plant Pathology
AbbreviationPhysiol. Mol. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0885-5765
ScopePlant Science

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