How to format your references using the Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.D. Sagan, Policy: a call for global nuclear disarmament, Nature. 487 (2012) 30–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Flames, O. Hobert, Gene regulatory logic of dopamine neuron differentiation, Nature. 458 (2009) 885–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.G. Pearson, S.W. Parman, G.M. Nowell, A link between large mantle melting events and continent growth seen in osmium isotopes, Nature. 449 (2007) 202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Tsujimoto, A. Jeromin, N. Saitoh, J.C. Roder, T. Takahashi, Neuronal calcium sensor 1 and activity-dependent facilitation of P/Q-type calcium currents at presynaptic nerve terminals, Science. 295 (2002) 2276–2279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.V. Ciobanu, C.-Z. Wang, K.-M. Ho, Atomic Structure Prediction of Nanostructures, Clusters and Surfaces, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
J.A. Goldak, Computational Welding Mechanics, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Mauthe, C. Miehe, Variational Gradient Plasticity: Local-Global Updates, Regularization and Laminate Microstructures in Single Crystals, in: S. Conti, K. Hackl (Eds.), Analysis and Computation of Microstructure in Finite Plasticity, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 89–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology.

Blog post
J. Davis, Mentally Complex Jobs Could Help Protect Against Certain Aspects Of Alzheimer’s, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.E. Long, Performance Assessment of Predicted Heat Strain in High Heat Stress Exposures, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Will Hear Liability Cases With Federal-State Disparity at Issue, New York Times. (2008) C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysiological and Molecular Plant Pathology
AbbreviationPhysiol. Mol. Plant Pathol.
ISSN (print)0885-5765
ScopePlant Science

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