How to format your references using the Applied In Vitro Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied In Vitro Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rakic P. Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science 2001:294;1011–1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wolf A, Anderegg WRL. Comment on “Changes in climatic water balance drive downhill shifts in plant species’ optimum elevations.” Science 2011:334;177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Avitabile C, D’Andrea LD, Romanelli A. Circular Dichroism studies on the interactions of antimicrobial peptides with bacterial cells. Sci Rep 2014:4;4293.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Camilo F, Ransom SM, Halpern JP, et al. Transient pulsed radio emission from a magnetar. Nature 2006:442;892–895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Collings S. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Bogdanova AM, Gjorgjevikj D, editors. ICT Innovations 2014: World of Data. vol. 311. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liza FF, Grześ M. Estimating the Accuracy of Spectral Learning for HMMsIn: Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 17th International Conference, AIMSA 2016, Varna, Bulgaria, September 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Dichev Christo, Agre Gennady (eds); pp. 46–56. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied In Vitro Toxicology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Comet ISON: The Real Song of Ice and Fire. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/comet-ison-real-song-ice-and-fire/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Improved Implementation of Reform Law Is Critical to Better Manage Acquisitions and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lim RH-J. A stylistic analysis of and performance suggestions for Robert Muczynski’s Second Piano Sonata, Opus 22. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nixon R, Shear MD. Square-Jawed General Has New Mission: Restore Order to West Wing. New York Times 2017;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied In Vitro Toxicology
AbbreviationAppl. In Vitro Toxicol.
ISSN (print)2332-1512
ISSN (online)2332-1539
Scope

Other styles