How to format your references using the Applied In Vitro Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied In Vitro Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kolter R. Microbiology. Deadly priming. Science 2007:318;578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ho C-H, Chen H-H. Optically decomposed near-band-edge structure and excitonic transitions in Ga₂S₃. Sci Rep 2014:4;6143.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Markos C, Kubat I, Bang O. Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms. Sci Rep 2014:4;6057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Brass AL, Dykxhoorn DM, Benita Y, et al. Identification of host proteins required for HIV infection through a functional genomic screen. Science 2008:319;921–926.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fortey RA, Bruton DL. Lower Ordovician Trilobites of the Kirtonryggen Formation, Spitsbergen. Norway: The Lethaia Foundation; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kacsuk P, Fahringer T, Németh Z, editors. Distributed and Parallel Systems: From Cluster to Grid Computing. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fernández DM, Hughes S. Competences and Foreign Language Teacher Education in SpainIn: Competency-based Language Teaching in Higher Education. Pérez Cañado María Luisa (ed); pp. 63–75. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied In Vitro Toxicology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Petrified Tree Shows Scars From Prehistoric Wildfires. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/petrified-tree-shows-scars-prehistoric-wildfires/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Investment Management: An Overview of GAO’s Assessment Framework (Exposure Draft). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kohl JL. The association of critical thinking and participation in living and learning programs: Residential Honors compared to Civic /Social Leadership programs and non -participation in living and learning programs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Proposes Plan to Delay Its Debt Payments to Free Up Cash. New York Times 2016;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied In Vitro Toxicology
AbbreviationAppl. In Vitro Toxicol.
ISSN (print)2332-1512
ISSN (online)2332-1539
Scope

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