How to format your references using the Applied In Vitro Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied In Vitro Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Primack J. Astronomy. Hidden growth of supermassive black holes in galaxy mergers. Science 2010:328;576–578.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Norris DP, Grimes DT. Developmental biology. Cilia discern left from right. Science 2012:338;206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Callender C, Quinn I, Tymoczko D. Generalized voice-leading spaces. Science 2008:320;346–348.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Yanagi I, Akahori R, Hatano T, et al. Fabricating nanopores with diameters of sub-1 nm to 3 nm using multilevel pulse-voltage injection. Sci Rep 2014:4;5000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Runcie T, Dochtermann M. Making Effective Business Decisions Using Microsoft Project. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Nkonya E, Mirzabaev A, von Braun J, editors. Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kulić ML, Buzdin AI. Coexistence of Singlet Superconductivity and Magnetic Order in Bulk Magnetic Superconductors and SF HeterostructuresIn: Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors. Bennemann K. H., Ketterson John B. (eds); pp. 163–200. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied In Vitro Toxicology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. ‘Missing Plastic’ In The Oceans Can Be Found Below The Surface. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/missing-plastic-oceans-can-be-found-below-surface/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Information on Prices of Genetically Modified Seeds in the United States and Argentina. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lee KS. Towards an improved baton technique: The application and modification of conducting gestures drawn from the methods of Rudolf, Green and Saitö for enhanced performance of orchestral interpretations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dwyer J. Corruption in New York: An Unscrupulous History. New York Times 2016;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied In Vitro Toxicology
AbbreviationAppl. In Vitro Toxicol.
ISSN (print)2332-1512
ISSN (online)2332-1539
Scope

Other styles