How to format your references using the Applied In Vitro Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied In Vitro Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Peto J. Cancer epidemiology in the last century and the next decade. Nature 2001:411;390–395.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hazeltine E, Ivry RB. Neuroscience. Can we teach the cerebellum new tricks? Science 2002:296;1979–1980.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Winston WM, Molodowitch C, Hunter CP. Systemic RNAi in C. elegans requires the putative transmembrane protein SID-1. Science 2002:295;2456–2459.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Fu Z-G, Zhang P, Chen M, et al. Anisotropic Fabry-Pérot resonant states confined within nano-steps on the topological insulator surface. Sci Rep 2014:4;5544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dods RF. Understanding Diabetes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Beziau J-Y, Chakraborty M, Dutta S, editors. New Directions in Paraconsistent Logic: 5th WCP, Kolkata, India, February 2014. vol. 152. 1st ed. 2015. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kittinger R, Bender J. Methods for Determining the Role of Fatigue and Cognitive Load on Behavior Detection Officers (BDOs) Performance in the FieldIn: Foundations of Augmented Cognition: 9th International Conference, AC 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings. Schmorrow Dylan D., Fidopiastis Cali M. (eds); pp. 36–43. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied In Vitro Toxicology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Virgin Galactic Flies Again Two Years After Devastating Crash. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/space/virgin-galactic-takes-to-the-skies-for-the-first-time-in-two-years/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loans: Lenders’ Interest Billings Often Result in Overpayments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Delcambre ML. Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Judging Draws Renewed Scrutiny. New York Times 2014;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied In Vitro Toxicology
AbbreviationAppl. In Vitro Toxicol.
ISSN (print)2332-1512
ISSN (online)2332-1539
Scope

Other styles